218 - The Donora Smog Disaster

218 - The Donora Smog Disaster

Update: 2016-11-10
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Comedians Dave Anthony and Gareth Reynolds examine the Donora Smog Disaster

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you sing to the dollar this is the bye week the American History podcast each week I leave Anthony read a story from history to my friend Gareth Reynolds who has no idea what the topic is going to be about how the feds Fong shi Hou Zane just rolled over like the What is that it was a little like tick like a little homeless street that looks like a bear sausage ok well that is obviously offensive and that is and not wrong i look in the eyes just like a little adorable missile I was like he's just like there is a very balmy just wanna hug look at Amy's I guard you want the citizens the night Gary Garrett McKay to the park and this is not going to come and take a leak like the queen of the Uptown all the way to ship the a bunch of religious virgins to mingle and do but pray market so where were common north west America that Seattle twenty fifth of November Portland the twenty sixth and twenty seven to go to Dahl a podcast dot com and at that or thing in the middle to get all the links for that also have a book coming out which is called the United States of absurdity remember that yet so mature and it's coming out you can preorder it now yes go or to a Gandalf podcast by James Foster by the date for phenomenal art by The Australian the Basque a history of the bass key and it's fucking great to hear and want to buy that yes I too want to read it twice in a friend's eye when you This is the chance is the chance for you to spread the word as gospel how great if we turn this into a religion like a crazy doll of the guys got a got there we got about a book I got about a gay but as many as you can because we are watching and we are we are excited we are filled with excitement for you guys to read the book on the whole is the ladies the law but I usually can see in the care they just keep going yeah a great thing about her the entire bed of absence for forty years to grow old or forty someone had a layover Spokane's been up for ten minutes I do have in the Well my dates are little bit in flux right now so you were talking to me I am not I know that I am disposed becoming too I'll be at the Irvine improv this weekend with a few comedians as they burn my sets were not that long but if you wanna see some comical at the Irvine improv and then I should be going to St Louis but I'm not a hundred percent if the December dates are going to hold right now is aiming to take a job that's a cooler than those of cool things you may get as my guy what can I say I mean I'd rather say that night don't you know don't thank God you just be aware that I might not be there overnight saying anything in the eighteenth and nineteenth obedience after school or at a cop comedy club with great parent I can show you want to go to if you enjoyed working with discount ninth and tenth I will be at the lovely A Comedy Store you and Greg other Lidge Allah nope it's called The jolly them yet we do an overdue nothing new comes the fun for people to come and see Cubs yeah club given a free bananas to first sorry is a great send off on a sixteen fifty one Willow air pollution has been around for a long time in sixteen sixty one yeah it's it there's a push and I think that that of hundreds in the King of England was like you guys to burn stuff out of those exam we didn't listen to the king of those exactly which a guy stop burning staff and sixty sixty one England John Evelyn published the inconvenience of the air and smoke of London dissipated he also claimed he invented the Internet and the potatoes and a great fact that so long as a call to clean up the air of the city the writing describe the effects of air pollution on the people of London quotes in London her inhabitants brief nothing but an impure in thick mist accompanied by a Fu Ling Ling Eunice and filthy vapor which renders them of noxious to a thousand inconveniences wow yet corrupting the longs and disorder in the entire habit of their bodies so that with ours thanks Dick it's six the pH t i s i c k s should be or thinks should be were not allowed to cops and consumption is rage more in this one city then the whole earth besides low hiss and London London on the fact that yeah yeah it's filthy he recommended burning coal instead it would yeah well look I mean the UK that's how it works I yeah and and taken to being Colson wood and relocating the worst polluting industries outside the city you can actually see paintings some of them have captured the London fog yet line he painted cityscape London fog was always I thought an actual London smug smug but he's actually that you can actually see it right just tremendous artwork yet it's also hard you know painting it's hard for painting to be hard evidence your honor if the same rights as a second gunman in the painting back then they used paintings in court well this is the case may I change my plea to guilty or a you can clearly see that painting I was not at the body I said I know the sources of technology came new sources of pollution industrial revolution exploited the use of fossil fuels this is going to have fun twists smoke pouring out of chimneys became a symbol of power and optimism optimism is interesting again that's what they're like This is going to be the boy got a good feeling above is yes to the investor evolution by the eighteenth century and first part of the nineteen century coal was being used on a large scale as factories produced products and filthy air this particularly affected people in living in cities haha By the early twentieth century as people continue to flock to cities smoking chimneys just became a part of daily life like that's how we do a lot of it like a lot of heat place the right heat based yeah you like in your home yeah sure there's for sure people burn coal almost everybody burn coals and ninety some percent of people this posh very cool you know what I was a kid there's a picture me in a fireplace in England eating coal or have color on my mouth and feeding call and instead of stopping the people took pictures of people didn't know how stupid you were until that moment NOW NOW please that's insulting may be way ahead of the way they made a very early yet a very The The The The The IRA but then I showed my mother I drew a square at like age sixteen I was really proud and she was super let down by my pride I I you like that it was like looking at shoes like the idea I was going to Lucroy who maybe doesn't need milk and it is in me never mind if I lived in Tucson I love the school the moms cry moms joining from arise again and this is the rest of the blender when people come from the country into the city they would be like what is with the smell of bay and the people the cities would say was fine still a normal good that's what they're you know even the smell of October The let's hope that's a good feeling some would say that's the smell of money oh right yeah because it was a job share if you want a job he smell the dirty air was part of it right most companies had drawings of their factories on their letter heads and those drawings had huge Shane's pouring out smoke year it was a simple that the company was doing well again the evidence is in drawings boy looking inside that building I learned that someone I've got to be in business with excuse me sir but you've got nine smoke stacks on your letterhead and smoke is pouring out the business with you well that's just how popular we are and you get there and there's none way this is fraud now hold on let's let's tax on the the ass but let me tell you the eyes of the self through well yes but the Rye with some fruity air the UN can tell I had someone make a better hand nobody wants to work with fruit you put some apples on top people might come to know my friend I would like to leave him if it ever been so Smokey will progress the title was a good time oh my god your cat just mean that your cat just picked it pushed itself up its push himself up on the arm rest like a purse sat down like a bro bro's down on his butt it's not like the loader which is after I caught some cities try to do something about what seemed like an obvious problem in eighteen eighty one Chicago past the first smoke ordinance in the US but it was easy and other places in the nineteenth and early twenty s or early twenty century Saint Louis was known as the country's dirtiest city K in eighteen ninety three St Louis tried to pass this ordinance the mission into the open air of the dance black or thick gray smoke within the corporate limits of the city of Saint Louis is hereby declared to be a nuisance was that the title that some reading though that the Lord of the trend is more of the owners occupants managed the agents of the establishment locomotives or premises from which dense black or thick gray smoke is emitted or discharge shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction therefore I shall pay a fine of not less than ten or more than fifty dollars ok so the cracking out to bring a fucking hard right the reason that they said black or Grey's because some cities passed one that said no black smoke and people that means great or vacuum is gray smoke so on with the fact that the height spurt packing and prevent provision Company horrible polluted or fought back in court when all the way to the Missouri St Supreme Court who declared the law invalid quote Well it is entirely competent for the city to pass a reasonable ordinance looking at the suppression of smoke when it becomes a nuisance to property or health or annoying the public at large this ordinance must be held void because it exceeds the power of the city under its charter to declare and abate nuisances oh my god so they're saying that it's OK for the city to pass an ordinance if it has the power to do so but since the state had not given it the power to declare a nuisance then it can't no more potions perfect yet doctors by the nineteen thirties begin to recognize the smog enveloping cities was bad for people's health but they change it calls the mechanism that made the city's move but people began speaking out against pollution there is a document made in nineteen thirty nine of her which was called should know this oh boy don't have it here he was called the city was called the city the city so the titles are either insanely large is far too short to miss the city yeah I the that was loud that is sure becoming genuinely terrified now the word Soma was so much more is off to get the smoke coming up it's chill Ricketts the people you know there's all kinds of this hoax going to come up and beat the living should contain damage smoke has been kickin little kids in the genitals that kid smokes molested a child it's a dark time so that was an aura which sprang to life and one because of its location near natural resources and there is a river by several companies can including the Union Steel Company the Carnegie Steel Company The Matthew woven wire fence company that than or zinc works the zinc Works was the largest in the world how to do i guai the Pennsylvania Railroad also brought change to the town and of course all this brought smog right you mean prosperity prosperity happiness you who may know that our cause of the optimists cumulus but to the people there it was a normal thing Bill shampoo a kid living in Sonora said quote It was a normal thing to be around and have it around us all the time the most good for you see miss the environment was normal this is right for you shake because we grew up in it we grew up in it is here is what we build this thing basically raised me the day the trolls days he said quote We didn't see much sunshine here and in order because there was so much smoke from the steel work in zinc works of God this was going on all the time I don't think we understood there was sun and vegetation and beautiful surroundings like that where in many other places the country Mike got back that big trip press was to go to Pittsburgh which was highly polluted air this fall the show the guys that can spank the hell him know before they got some good steak in the US so much filth The whole look at this guys think the route the boy now you breathe it in nice and deep guys the breathing the fresh air so I didn't put this here but when one woman said that her mom would wash her car their curtains every week because they would get so filthy I think that I think there's a middle ground there I think that I think there's a little from column A little from column B probably dirty curtains once a week washing a little much and of course there for their clothes were completely you would walk he walks he would walk home from work in you be like in a city yet and and avenge the businesses were spending so much money cleaning windows up that became a legitimate costs homes were covered in gray dust but not able to get laying down Abby as Pino started the society leap you know she had an appetite him that I in him he hated naps since this he said the society for better living in nineteen thirty six which promoted fresh and green grass fresh air green grass ah I know I we've gathered here today cuz we are like our grass tree yes that's the tale but it doesn't mean those are just a no brainer things that we've just completely lost slow to get so much to the grass nearby Nora was just dead read this to get the society would often take American Steel and wire to court sometimes winning usually using or running out of money they're actually one of the very very first environmental organization ok the same year the documentary came out produce one I played the smog was terrible in St Louis okay without you without their law that they try to pass earlier city leaders to try to do something about it they try to educate people to build cleaner fires everyone was using was called soft coal which was a dirty cheap high sulfur coal on and no one cared it was cheap right now they get it it was rare as they could use a cleaner fuel like gas or oil or answer site but those were too expensive in nineteen thirty six after debating for years the council require homes and businesses to install mechanical smokers in furnaces what's that not everyone did it because just a way to cut down emissions it's like how they do the missions here in cars like it's just the biggest job yet it's not like you can have a kind that should not pass and they dislike the snow is good yes yes that's for sure a fun time of quickening of these cars that realy what is going I was that as a Pontiac that's on fire on the is going on the city creative division of smoke regulation in nineteen thirty seven Mayor Bernard Hickman know Bernie the name blow a smoke Commissioner Denny Jackman hates fire the smoke it started burning the smoke commissioners their dedicated the mayor smog man tried to get out the message to the mayors city mayors smog Minogue man I call them a smile okay I love the spot man I might be a chief I can see a cushy can't that's part of the guys see but it soon became obvious the only thing to do was to wash and size soft goals so wash it down so's not as dirty ok lots of locations of the cloth was all put in the bath I guess this calls really clean and still fail Fe so that made soft coal burn hotter and cleaner but Eastside business interests were not down with a rag industry mustard and boom my fucking huge booger so the site business and just were not down with this and they threaten to boycott St Louis products ok if you use clean call we will stop buying stuff geez that is straight from the top of the astral Cup The aso link then came to Tuesday November twenty four as it became known in St Louis Black Tuesday there was a temperature inversion over the city which trapped the smog the sun cannot be seen the city was just enveloped in a fic black smoke odor no one had ever seen anything this bad the streetlights were turned on so people could get back and forth from work a newspaper reported a street car passenger asked a conductor to let him off at thirteenth in Washington quote If you can find it costs around here although I had a the IAEA had the the time I'm over in the dark while the dark cloud on the way was the way I hate in the a recent slew got Milo let's fight the vault are the smog hung around for nine days and cause the council to finally take action to resist or is it no longer fought back yeah nuclear supplies of coal were purchased a new smoke ordinance was passed in the public was educated and from then on the city's air improve but other cities in America still hung on but their polluting ways back to do nor Pennsylvania which would become the poster boy of air pollution by nineteen forty eight it had fourteen thousand people living in the city and thousands of others living nearby and commuting and it had shit loads of air pollution but that was the tradeoff for having a great job sure yet then came Wednesday October twenty seven nineteen forty eight a massive in great Wednesday yup got the lens great best Wednesday ever is what they call yeah a massive version of cold air settled over the valley hot fumes are trapped in a sandwich lair with cold air is finally getting here yup it's yummy it's true this is called on the top is fumes the middle and there's another whole layer of air on the bottom which trap the air so normally there's there's the hot air and then the cold layer above it so you can just go hide It's cold hot cold then the air gets trapped down the very bottom so the air coming out of the chimneys has nowhere to go to those that lose or the call crack is like a novel is about to close the windows closed the windows in the town so so usually there's Wright used her smoke smart to speak usually so a big thick yellowish smog descended on the city it was nothing like anyone in the Nora had ever seen before and it wasn't going anywhere two days later remained and it made living hard gym and glare of a fireman the time said quote you couldn't see your hand in front of your face why it was like night at twelve noon on Main Street like it was midnight that's not healthy no it's fine I don't think that's good this is this is how I work out this is and this like you can get you can make a go anywhere right I mean that the November was staying inside a cow though I go to the ones in their smog room workout now with that place is great to have spinning five You Don't Have You done fire pot is the fireplace Room on Fire new stretch just burn you just knew you when you are when you walk out of the feel so good when you finally get the trial of a yoga have tried lobby of that is just much it's a little bit too little money a little much to have you tried the loose weight lifting its loose a way that we are in the just the crows it's like a mixture of just talks and and Cole residues it's like it was a pond yet said Alice is about the makes as it would be there Joe Camp of rest owner said it was so bad that I'd accidently step off the curb and turned my ankle because they couldn't see my feet while he was fat well yeah mean that is cut is not a huge fall in his eye at that town was very proud of its high school football team which had recently been ranked as the second best in the country it's going to be hard to do anything but run the ball in the Champions at the game that week however was the group are spectators they were playing their rivals and the field is almost invisible the teams did not pass the ball because the players could not see it in the air just two teams running at each other and I This gash a million seen the referee can see nothing yet they know they call in Cali right I guess touched on was attached and the wind wait no really prove it the market while fuck me shared the quarterback has anyone seen my son eye with the people attended the Halloween parade but for no reason what a great costume I imagine you couldn't see it quote just shadows moving through the gloom which now think about it slowing rate following very hallow it's the best all around me the news this week The Eye Has anyone seen my son Joe Stacy quote the smog created a burning sensation in your throat and eyes and nose again but we still thought that was just normal for the nor yet he go to normal as the days wore on the effects became worse and more disturbing one woman went to bed at night and when she woke up the next morning all of her plants were dead she's flowers cactus is everything cactus is yet one can tell when you're killing and ice then on Friday things really kicked in quote on Friday morning walking to school we could really see the streetlights and they were on and we can hardly see the traffic signals the blame on McCain Avenue we didn't understand that there is a tragedy unfolding of a no no Eileen Loftus was a nurse at the American Steel and wire Company around four pm work are staggered in gasping for air she had him lie down and gave him oxygen then another worker came in the same condition and then another and another couple hours later every bed and examined table had a wheezing can a worker on it it a reporter in Pittsburgh phone in a police report it was paper that people in the know are flocking to hospitals the rewrite man at the paper shrugged it off and said quote People are always coughing and honor a good match but they do that's what the calm the coughing that's the football team the the cafe the east but that's pretty a pretty weird stance if you run a paper to be like come on that's not a nose dive the town you can always die and that Tao you can literally do everything to happen before you that know the show on Chicago well we gave Sheik Eid gah but as you got how many horse on human crime later on that day the paper will be reading different stories about the town the first person died on Friday Lee tons of people circle and makes me think more people are going to die why because that person is called the first person that was his name mm tons of people started calling the fire station because they couldn't breathe the firemen began to bring oxygen to people so they can survive the fireman Bill Shipp was the department's oxygen specialist he grabbed three addresses and lug the heavy tanks up the street they couldn't drive because they couldn't see my god so they carried eighteen inch tanks with an inhalation masks and hoses trying to blindly make their way up the streets bill quote I knew that St like the back of my hand but it took me to see my hand but I I I knew that feeling back in him but it took me an hour to cover what I would normally do in ten minutes that's gonna be horrible to think dragging like for being last scan like you're basically pitch black ah ma hse can be horrible for your eyes at the first house he found a middle aged asthmatic worker and gave him three rounds of oxygen but then he had to move to the next address as he
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218 - The Donora Smog Disaster

218 - The Donora Smog Disaster