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Causality

Causality

Author: The Engineered Network

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Chain of Events. Cause and Effect. We analyse what went right and what went wrong as we discover that many outcomes can be predicted, planned for and even prevented
32 Episodes
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31: Black Energy

31: Black Energy

2019-10-0300:26:14

The evening before Christmas Eve in 2015 saw a widespread blackout of the power grid across the Ukraine. We look at how a cyber-attack on electric utility companies in Europe, changed how cyber-security is regarded in control systems, forever. Links of potential interest: December 2015 Ukraine Power Grid Cyber-attack Analysis of the Cyber Attack on the Ukrainian Power Grid [PDF] Ukraine Report: When The Lights Went Out [PDF] Inside the Cunning, Unprecedented Hack of Ukraine’s Power Grid Cyber-Attack Against Ukrainian Critical Infrastructure Everything We Know About Ukraine’s Power Plant Hack BlackEnergy BlackEnergy, Grid-Disrupting Malware, Has a Successor, Researchers Warn Scary Questions in Ukraine Energy Grid Hack Ukraine Cyber Induced Power Outage: Analysis And Practical Mitigation Strategies [PDF] New Clues Show How Russia’s Grid Hackers Aimed for Physical Destruction Industroyer: An in-depth Look At The Culprit Behind Ukraine’s Power Grid Blackout Ukrainian Power Grids Cyber-attack Russian Translation: Obelnergo Message to Consumers MOXA UC-7408-LX Plus MOXA UC-7408-LX Plus Firmware Overwrite Vulnerability iRZ RUH2 IRZ RUH2 3G Firmware Overwrite Vulnerability NCCIC: Ukrainian Power Attack US Wants To Isolate Power Grids With ‘Retro’ Technology To Limit Cyber-attacks LinkedIn Is A Hacker’s Dream Tool   Support Causality on Patreon Episode Silver Producers: Carsten Hansen, John Whitlow, Joseph Antonio and Kevin Koch. Episode Gold Producer: 'r'.
30: Tim Maia

30: Tim Maia

2019-07-0400:25:05

As part of Rio's preparations for the Olympics in 2016 a cycling pathway was built adjacent to a narrow, congested roadway along a picturesque shoreline. When a section collapsed only months before the opening ceremony killing two people, the world looked on with growing concerns about the imminent Olympics. With John Chidgey. Links of potential interest: Deaths on Collapsed Rio de Janeiro Bike Path Deal Safety Blow to Olympic Host Anger Grows Over Rio Bike Path Failure - WSJ Questions Continue After the Collapse of Rio’s Cycle Path Faulty Planning Blamed for Deadly Collapse Padlocked and Falling Apart: Rio’s Olympic Legacy Bike Lane Collapse Kills People on Beach Are Brazil’s Corruption Scandals Finally Hitting the Olympics? Rio, the Olympics, and Broken Promises Architects Say Rio’s Olympic Bike Path Was Destined to Collapse Petition Calls for Complete Demolition of Cycle-path Judge Orders Closure of Rio Cycleway Photo Gallery Links: Gallery of A Stretch of Rio de Janeiro’s Tim Maia Bike Path Collapses The Collapsed Area of the new Cycle Lane Links of Interest (Portuguese): Queda da Ciclovia: Doações à campanhas feitas pela CONCREMAT e os Grandes Jogos Tweet: “‘Podre, tem que fazer tudo outra vez’, diz vice-prefeito sobre ciclovia Tim Maia, no Rio” PETIÇÃO PARA A DEMOLIÇÃO DA CICLOVIA DA AVENIDA NIEMEYER Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsors: Backblaze: Gimmick free, truly unlimited, cloud backup for your Mac or PC for just $6 a month with discounts for annual plans. Sign up via the following URL and for a 15 day no-risk free trial. Don’t take a chance with your data, start protecting your work and your memories today. Visit backblaze.com/causalityto learn more.Soulver.App: You’ve tried a calculator and a spreadsheet but if you haven’t tried Soulver yet you’re missing out on a great app that fits perfectly with the way your brain actually thinks. Soulver for iOS is available through the App Store and the newly updated Soulver 3 for Mac from Acqualias website. Visit soulver.appto learn more.
29: Flight 1549

29: Flight 1549

2019-06-0400:27:34

In 2009 an AirBus A320 departing LaGuardia Airport in New York suffered a dual engine failure due to a bird strike during takeoff. In a highly improbable event an equally highly improbable landing in the Hudson River shocked and amazed the world. We look at what went right on Flight 1549. With John Chidgey. Links of potential interest: US Airways Flight 1549 The Miracle On The Hudson NTSB Official Report (PDF) 49 CFR 830.2 Definitions CFM International CFM56 Chesley Sullenberger Jeff Skiles What the ‘Sully’ Movie Gets Wrong LaGuardia Airport Diagram Cold Water Survival Medium Flocking Bird Test at Climb Condition Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsor: Backblaze: Gimmick free, truly unlimited, cloud backup for your Mac or PC for just $6 a month with discounts for annual plans. Sign up via the following URL and for a 15 day no-risk free trial. Don’t take a chance with your data, start protecting your work and your memories today. Visit backblaze.com/causalityto learn more.
28: Hotel New World

28: Hotel New World

2019-05-0900:28:28

In 1986 an unremarkable building in Singapore collapsed killing dozens of people. We look at how the supervision of the construction and the design itself resulted in a structure that was at best critically stable, and ultimately one that could only ever fail. With John Chidgey. Prior Episode References: Causality Episode 5: Maccabiah Causality Episode 15: Sampoong Department Store Links of potential interest: Hotel New World Collapse Collapse of Hotel New World Structural Load Report of the Inquiry into the Collapse of Hotel New World (Embedded PDF) Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsor: Clubhouse: Looking for an easy to use software development project management solution that everyone in an organisation can use? Clubhouse was built with Agile Development in mind with an intense focus on intuitiveness and responsiveness, supporting seamless integrations with standard version control and messaging systems and an extensible REST API to integrate anything else you might need. Visit clubhouse.io/TENto learn more.
27: Gare de Lyon

27: Gare de Lyon

2019-04-0400:31:21

On the 27th of June, 1988 in central Paris a runaway train collided with a stationary train in Gare De Lyon station, claiming 56 lives and injuring 60 more. Whilst the court found the driver guilty and sent him to jail, was he solely to blame? We look at how poor design decisions made Gare De Lyon inevitable. With John Chidgey. Prior Episode References: Causality Episode 6: Amagasaki Links of potential interest: Gare de Lyon Rail Accident SNCF SNCF Class Z 5300 Gare de Lyon Paris Gare de Lyon - A brief station guide Réseau Express Régional Brake Problems Discovered 40 Minutes Before Crash French Rail Chief Quits After 2nd Fatal Crash in Paris - LA Times Train Driver Jailed for Crash That Killed 56 People PRISON FERME l’Humanite (French) Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsor: Clubhouse: Looking for an easy to use software development project management solution that everyone in an organisation can use? Clubhouse was built with Agile Development in mind with an intense focus on intuitiveness and responsiveness, supporting seamless integrations with standard version control and messaging systems and an extensible REST API to integrate anything else you might need. Visit clubhouse.io/TENto learn more.
26: Bhopal

26: Bhopal

2019-02-0700:38:34

In December, 1984 in the city of Bhopal in central India, a Union Carbide Pesticide plant would fail and release tonnes of toxic gas into the city, killing thousands of people. It was the worst industrial disaster in human history. We follow the threads and trace back the root causes behind the incident at Bhopal. With John Chidgey. Links of potential interest: Bhopal Carbaryl Methyl isocyanate Bhopal Chronology [PDF] LABOR REPORT ON BHOPAL CITES PLANT MODIFICATION Eight convicted over India gas disaster Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsor: Clubhouse: Looking for an easy to use software development project management solution that everyone in an organisation can use? Clubhouse was built with Agile Development in mind with an intense focus on intuitiveness and responsiveness, supporting seamless integrations with standard version control and messaging systems and an extensible REST API to integrate anything else you might need. Visit clubhouse.io/TENto learn more.
25: Deepwater Horizon

25: Deepwater Horizon

2019-01-0800:51:26

In 2010 an Oil Drilling Rig suffered a catastrophic well blowout, killing 11 people, destroying the rig and leading to the worst maritime oil spill in history. It all happened a few hours after the well was declared safe and ready for handover. We look at the human and financial factors that led to the incident at Macondo. With John Chidgey. Links of potential interest: Deepwater Drilling Semi-submersible Platform Macondo Prospect Macondo Prospect Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon MC252 Data ERMA Tool Pusher Blowout (well drilling) Deepwater Horizon Explosion BP Oil Spill Report As It Happened How Prepared Are We For the Next Major Oil Spill Oil Spill Day 100 The 11 Men Who Died On The Deepwater Horizon Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Letter To BP CEO Tony Hayward BP Manager Ignored Warnings Before Deepwater Horizon Blew BP And The Deepwater Horizon Disaster Of 2010 DeepWater Horizon Explosion Was No Surprise Minerals Management Service Muster And Evacuation Regulation GPO Oil Commission BP Guilty Verdict BP Deepwater Horizon Costs Balloon To $65B USD Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsor: Many Tricks: If you’re looking for some Mac software that can do Many Tricks remember to specifically visit the URL below for more information about their amazingly useful apps. Visit manytricks.com/pragmatic and use the Coupon Code (listen to the episode to get the code) for 25% off the total price of your order. Hurry it's only for a limited time!
24: Columbia

24: Columbia

2018-12-1300:30:21

In 2003 the Space Shuttle Columbia launched successfully but after its mission was completed burned up on re-entry with the loss of all onboard. We look at how normalisation of deviation blinded many at NASA to a risk that had existed since 1981. With John Chidgey. Links of potential interest: Space Shuttle Columbia Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster STS-107 When The Space Shuttle Didn’t Come Home Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster Explained List of Space Shuttle Missions A New Vision for NASA STS-27 Legendary Commander Tells Story Of Shuttle’s Close Call This Is Why The Space Shuttle’s External Fuel Tank Stopped Being Painted White NASA - Report of Columbia Accident Investigation Board, Volume I Soyuz Project Gemini Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsor: Many Tricks: If you’re looking for some Mac software that can do Many Tricks remember to specifically visit the URL below for more information about their amazingly useful apps. Visit manytricks.com/pragmatic and use the Coupon Code (listen to the episode to get the code) for 25% off the total price of your order. Hurry it's only for a limited time!
23: Kipton

23: Kipton

2018-08-3100:19:25

When two trains collided head on at Kipton, Ohio in 1891, it was a wake up call for the railroad industry in North America whose impacts would be far-reaching and would lead to a new timekeeping standard that was unprecedented. With John Chidgey. Links of potential interest: US Timepiece Industry and Railroad Watch Kipton Train Wreck Anniversary The Great Kipton Train Wreck Kipton Train Crash Kipton Train Collision Railway Post Office Support Causality on Patreon
22: Chernobyl

22: Chernobyl

2018-07-0800:50:40

The largest nuclear incident in human history released an estimated 400 times the radioactive material compared to Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It all happened because of a test that was delayed by one shift, or was it the ultimate inevitability of a flawed reactor design? With John Chidgey. Prior Episode References: Causality Episode 3: Fukushima Causality Episode 17: Three Mile Island Technical References: Iodine-135 Periodic Table List of Chemical Elements Xenon Poisoning in Reactors Nuclear Energy Slides [PDF] Neutron Cross-Section Radiation burn RBMK Reactors Positive Void Coefficient Timelines: Chernobyl Accident Timeline Chernobyl Timeline Of A Nuclear Nightmare What Caused The Disaster Timeline Of Events The Chernobyl Gallery Chernobyl Disaster Chernobyl Sequence of Events Essays, Regulations and Miscellaneous: Chernobyl Essay [PDF] Regulation for 3rd and 4th Reactor [PDF] Regulations and ORM in Chernobyl’ disaster Individual involvement in the Chernobyl disaster New Safe Confinement Chernobyl New Safe Confinement Plans for New Nuclear Reactors Worldwide Support Causality on Patreon Episode sponsor: Makers4Good: Makers4Good are an innovative company based in Palo Alto, California and they’ve recently released the HELIO: A Solar Light, Torch and Powerbank that’s perfect for camping, hiking, emergencies, gazebos, use as a night light or wherever your adventures might happen to take you. All profits from the sale of the HELIO go to providing light and power for those in need. Visit makers4good.com/engineered and use the Coupon Code ENGINEERED for 20% off the total price of your order.
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