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Hands-On Mac (Video)

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Get the most from your Mac! Hands-On Mac gives you all the info you need to use your MacBook, iMac, or Mac Pro to the fullest. Leo Laporte is your guide for all things Apple - from the best apps to the latest macOS time-saving tricks.

New episodes are posted every Friday.
13 Episodes
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The macOS filesystem is trickier than it looks! But once you know a few simple things, finding files on your Mac can be easy. Here is one place to start - Apple documents its file system here: https://twit.to/hom12 Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac. Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Discuss episodes in the TWiT Community. Sponsor: expressvpn.com/hom
In years past programs like Duet Display and the hardware-based Luna Display let Mac users use their iPads as second displays. But these programs were "Sherlocked" by Apple when they released Sidecar for MacOS Catalina and iOS 13.Duet and Luna are still around because they can do different things than Sidecar. For example, Duet works with Windows 10 as well as macOS. And Luna doesn't require the Mac and iPad use the same iCloud account. Both work with older versions of macOS, as well.But if you're using Catalina and a late-model Mac and iPad, Sidecar is already installed and worth a try. Let me show you how Sidecar works, and a few tricks you can use to make it even better.Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Discuss episodes in the TWiT Community. Sponsor: itpro.tv/twit use the code TWIT30
Filevault is Apple's proprietary full-disk encryption technology. It uses XTS-AES encryption, the industry-standard used by Microsoft's BitLocker, and the open-source Veracrypt among many others. It's fast, secure, and thanks to hardware support built-into all Macs with the T2 chip, it protects you without impacting efficiency or performance. Filevault is so efficient that it's on by default on all Macs sold today.Why would you want to turn on Filevault on an older Mac? Suppose you lose your Mac. Anyone who has it could bypass your account login and access the disk directly. Which means anything your store on your hard drive would be vulnerable. Modern smartphones are encrypted, so should be the drive on your Mac.Macs shipped with OS X Lion and later offer Filevault 2 - and that's the version we're referring to here. The original version was fairly limited. Filevault 2 is a great choice for all Mac users.When FileVault is enabled the system invites the user to create a master password for the computer. If a user password is forgotten, the master password or recovery key may be used to decrypt the files instead.Launch **System Preferences**.Select **Security & Privacy**.Click the **Lock** icon to enable changes.Read the **WARNING**.Click **Turn On FileVault**.You must make a choice on whether you want to use your iCloud account as a key to unlock your encrypted disk or to create a recovery key. If you plan on having highly sensitive data that you want to ensure that no one but you can get access to, the select to create a recovery key. Otherwise choose to **Allow my iCloud Account to unlock my disk**.If you've chosen to create a recovery key you must **store it in a safe place** not on your hard drive where you'll be able to retrieve it for recovery purposes. Otherwise your data will be unrecoverable.Instead of using FileVault to encrypt a user's home directory, using Disk Utility a user can create an encrypted disk image themselves and store any subset of their home directory in there (for example, ~/Documents/private). This encrypted image behaves similar to a Filevault encrypted home directory but is under the user's maintenance.Users who use FileVault 2 in OS X 10.9 and above can validate their key correctly works after encryption by running sudo fdesetup validaterecovery in Terminal after encryption has finished. The key must be in form xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx and will return true if correct.Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Discuss episodes in the TWiT Community. Sponsor: LastPass.com/twit
This episode requires Homebrew, so if you haven't yet installed it, watch last week's Hands on Mac and install it now.Then open the Terminal and type`homebrew bundle`to install the bundler.If you've been using homebrew you can automatically write a bundle with the command`brew bundle dump`add the —describe switch to get a comment before each item in the brewfile describing its use`brew bundle dump —describe`Last week we mentioned a cool tool called `mas` - if you've installed it you can also use brewfiles to install Mac App Store apps. brew bundle dump will automatically add these to your brewfile.Save your brewfile to iCloud or locally and now when you set up a new Mac you can use it to automatically install everything.Once you've created a brewfile, updating brew is as simple as issuing the command brew bundle.Thanks to brew and mas, updating your Mac system entirely is as simple as:`sudo softwareupdate -ia —verbose ; brew bundle -v ; brew cleanup ; brew doctor —verbose`softwareupdate is a built-in MacOS command to update the system from the command line. To see which updates are needed type`softwareupdate -l`it will also let you know whether a reboot will be requiredthe -i switch can be used to specify individual components to be updated, -ia says update them all.We covered the brew commands last week.Combining softwareupdate with brew bundle -v will upgrade everything on your system that's been installed using mas or brew, too.Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac. Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Discuss episodes in the TWiT Community. Sponsor: expressvpn.com/hom
Intro to Homebrew - the MacOS package manager Host: Leo Laporte For full show notes, visit https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac/episodes/8 Sponsor: hover.com/twit
The only problem with the Mac's GUI interface is that it may take some digging to find the file or application you want to use. But Apple has a fix for that: Spotlight, and it's the easiest way to open anything on your Mac.Press command-space and start typing. You can launch applications, documents, even emails, with a few keystrokes. Command-option-space launches a Finder window for searching.But there are a few little known shortcuts that make Spotlight even more useful. Use the kind: keyword to narrow down your search: kind:audio kind:folders kind:app kind:email To find the location of a file, select it on the list then hit the Command key. The full directory will show up in the status bar. Command-R opens the file location (not the file) You can look up definitions by typing a wordType Use it as a calculator Type 2 + 2 Convert units Search for movie showtimes, weather, and places near me Type movies Type weather Type drugstores Search for flight information by entering the airline and flight number United 30 Or a stock price aapl Search for contact information by typing a nameTo limit the searches Spotlight can make, check the Spotlight system preferences. You can also change the key command.If you like what spotlight can do, there's a third-party app, Alfred, that does even more! https://www.alfredapp.com/Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Discuss episodes in the TWiT Community. Sponsor: itpro.tv/twit use the code TWIT30
Leo looks at the new Macbook Air, the good, the bad, and the ugly webcam. Starting at $999 ($899 education pricing) with dual-core 1.1Ghz i3, 8GB RAM, 256GB storage in Silver, Space Gray, and Gold. My machine, as configured, with quad-core 1.2 Ghz i7, 16 GB RAM, and 1 TB storage, $1849 All models include real ESC key and TouchID (no TouchBar) and two T3 ports on the left, headphone jack on the right. The new Magic keyboard with scissor switches isn't the best I've ever used, but it's usable, and a major upgrade from the 2018 model. There are no surprises here. It's a Macbook Air, with a better keyboard. Nevertheless, if you love the Macbook Air, the first ultrabook, which I do, it's great and I'm very happy to be able to recommend it again. Pros:Great 16:10 screen (2560x1600) with TrueToneAll-day battery lifeUsable keyboardSuper thin and lightCons:Y-Series Ice Lake chips are not super fastNo Wi-Fi 6Lackluster camera with no shutterOnly two T3 ports, and they're both on the same side!Totally non-upgradableExpensiveLeo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Sponsor: LastPass.com/twit
Did you know that hidden in your Mac is a powerful Unix-style command line? Open up the Terminal, and try out these simple commands:cd: change directoryls: list the current directory's contentschmod: change the permissions of the files in this directoryman: gives a manual on how to use any commandtldr: Too Long; Didn't Read - gives a short and simple description of any commandsudo: do a command as the superuser (admin)rm: remove file or directory - be careful with this one!sudonvram StartupMute=%00: turns on the "bong" when you start up your macsudonvram StartupMute=%01: turns off the "bong" when you start up your macLeo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac. Come back next week for more fun! Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Sponsor: itpro.tv/twit use the code TWIT30
Hidden deep in your Mac lies a Linux command line. Welcome to the Terminal: the most powerful tool on your Mac that you aren't using! On this episode of Hands-on Mac, Leo runs you through some basic commands: how to change directories with cd, list their contents with ls, and get help with man. Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac! Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Sponsor: hover.com/twit
Gatekeeper is a behind the scenes utility that first shipped in Mountain Lion. It's designed to protect you from rogue programs and verify downloads before you run them to keep you safe. It's probably the single most important and powerful defense against malware on macOS. But it can get in your way when you are trying to install programs that don't come from Apple. In Catalina, Apple dialed up the safety to 11. They took away the ability to install programs from anywhere. Only programs that have been approved by Apple can be installed on your Mac. Unless.... you dive into the terminal and try this handy command.Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac. Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac Sponsor: expressvpn.com/hom
The best outbound firewall for Mac! Apple's macOS comes with an excellent firewall that blocks inbound traffic, but what about outbound traffic? The first thing malware installed on your Mac will do is contact a command and control server. For that reason, it's also good to have outbound protection. Enter Lulu. For years I've recommended Little Snitch to do this, but it's not free, and it can really swamp you with connection requests. Too many warnings are almost as bad as too few. We get warning fatigue and start to ignore the pop-ups, click OK too quickly, or uninstall the app altogether. Lulu is free from former NSA hacker, and Mac utility guru, Patrick Wardle. Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac. Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac
Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac. folivora.ai - Great Tools for your Mac! For a long time, I thought the MacBook Pro Touchbar was a useless gimmick. Until I found BetterTouchTool. $7 for two years. Or $21 for a lifetime license. Now my Touchbar is actually useful. But BTT takes some time to configure. You can get it just how you want it - with a couple of hours of fiddling - or you can download the free GoldenChaos toolbar and be ready to go in minutes. To give you an idea of all the useful features of BTT let's take a tour. GoldenChaos is pretty useful out of the box, but there are some things you'll want to play with. Open the BTT preferences and prepare to be overwhelmed. This is the biggest preference dialogue I've ever seen. The first thing I always do is *turn off Siri!* I don't know about you but I hit Siri by accident all the time, interrupting my work, and forcing me to interact with the world's thickest personal assistant. One thing you'll notice is that GoldenChaos is actually several toolbars in one. Press a modifier key to get an alternate toolbar. Get BetterTouchTool: https://twit.to/hom1a Get GoldenChaos-BTT: https://twit.to/hom1b Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac
Leo Laporte gives you helpful tips to get the most from your Mac every week on Hands-On Mac. Host: Leo Laporte Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/hands-on-mac
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