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Islamic History Podcast

Author: Abu Ibrahim Muttaqi Ismail

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We often overlook Islamic history as a learning tool. The history of Islam is not only important for Muslims, but important for everyone. Islam and the people who call themselves Muslims have made an enormous impact on our world. The Islamic History Podcast is about discovering that history in a fun and interesting way.
77 Episodes
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The story of the interaction between the Ismaili Assassins, Salahuddeen al-Ayubi, and the Mongols.
Thoughts

Thoughts

2020-06-0246:39

My thoughts and opinions about the killing of George Floyd, the subsequent protests, and race relations among American Muslims.
Bonus: Hassam Munir

Bonus: Hassam Munir

2020-08-1001:04:09

Hassam Munir calls himself the “brofessor of Islamic History”, because his goal is to bridge the gap between academia and the general public in the field of Islamic history. Born in Pakistan, he has lived in Toronto, Canada for the past 20 years. He completed a BA in History and Communication Studies from York University in 2017, and is now pursuing an MA in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern History from the University of Toronto, 2020. Hassam is also Public Relations Manager and a research fellow at the Yaqeen Institute of Islamic Research. In October 2017, he was recognized by Heritage Toronto as an ‘Emerging Historian’ in the city. He has a broad range of experience in the fields of journalism and public history. Click here to read Br. Hassam's personal blog. Click here to read Br. Hassam's work with Yaqeen Institute.
Looking for Season 1? We have a separate podcast on the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) called: The Prophet Muhammad Podcast. Welcome to a new season of the Islamic History Podcast. In this season, we're going to cover the first 100 years of history after Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) death. We will discuss the last days of the Prophet's life as well as the election of Abu Bakr to be his successor. Additionally, we will also see how the Wars of Apostasy began.
2-2: Apostasy And War

2-2: Apostasy And War

2015-09-2801:10:06

Reasons for rebellion  - False prophets  - Unwilling to pay Zakah  - Dislike of central authority  - Not fully invested in Islam - Abu Bakr's five step plan  1. Protect Medina and hold out until Usamah returns with army  2. When Usamah returns divide the army and send them to different parts of Arabian Peninsula  3. Retake central-western Arabia creating a safe zone around Medina  4. Concentrate on the big players (false prophets) and then take on Musailamah  5. When the center's pacified, focus on smaller rebels in north and south Continue reading...
2-3: Khalid And Persia

2-3: Khalid And Persia

2015-11-1601:31:18

Two major empires in the area at this time: Persian and Byzantine - Persian culture and power goes far back into Biblical times, even before Cyrus the Great (islamiclearningmaterials.com/gogandmagog) - Once conquered by Alexander the Great - Went through several dynastic changes - Sassanid Empire was the last non-Muslim Persian dynasty - Came into power 400 years before Prophet's birth - By the time Prophet was in Medina, Sassanid Empire was going through political turmoil and very weak Continue reading...
2-4: Umar and Syria

2-4: Umar and Syria

2015-12-2101:39:31

In many ways, it was more of an organized mob. There were no uniforms and no ranks. - Commanders were appointed at will, generally based on accomplishment or tribal position. - Their weapons was whatever they could find. Many of them came from defeated Persian and Roman soldiers - Most armies have to deal with supplies and feeding thousands of people. Many of the soldiers traveled with their families - The Arabs didn't have that problem as they carried their food with them and were used to living on very little - They could live for days, even weeks on just dates, water, and camel milk. - This allowed KIW and other commanders to travel long distances with no supply chain or base of operations - The desert itself was another advantage. Most of the Roman soldiers were not used to it. - Unless they were invading a city, the Muslims usually fought with their backs to the desert. - If they were ambushed or fought in the open country, they could slip into the desert where their enemey couldn't follow. - The four armies sent by Abu Bakr pushed into southern Syria (modern day Jordan) and conquered many small towns Continue Reading
2-5: Yarmouk And Qadisiyyah

2-5: Yarmouk And Qadisiyyah

2016-01-2501:51:35

- Where we are so far -- In 632 CE Prophet Muhammad died and Abu Bakr was chosen by the residents of Medina as the Caliph -- Soon after, several of the Arab tribes that were allied with the Prophet rebelled against Abu Bakr -- Abu Bakr and his general KIW led a successful campaign to bring these tribes back in line -- These were known as the Ridda, or Apostasy Wars -- Abu Bakr commanded KIW to begin an invasion of southern Persia. -- KIW was successful and conquered most of the area around the Euphrates River -- At the same time, Abu Bakr also ordered Abu Ubaidah to lead an invasion into Syria -- Abu Ubaidah ran into strong resistance so Abu Bakr had KIW come from Persia to assist -- KIW led the Muslims to conquer Syria all the way up to Damascus -- Back in Medina, Abu Bakr died and Umar ibn Al-Khattab became the Caliph -- Umar removed KIW as the leader of the Muslim armies and put Abu Ubaidah back in charge -- The Romans and Syrians got over their initial shock of the Muslim invasion and began a strong counterattack. - In the last episode we discussed how the Romans and Persians began to make a comeback - Now we'll go into the details of that comeback and the result - We will first discuss the events in Syria and then those in Persia
2-6: 636 and 637 CE

2-6: 636 and 637 CE

2016-02-2236:07

Battle of Qadisiyyah was more devastating for the Persians than the Battle of Yarmouk was for the Romans Their defeat at Qadisiyyah left the Persian capital exposed to Muslim forces However, the Roman capital was hundreds of miles away in Constantinople and very safe from Muslim forces The Romans still had the ability to wage war against the Muslims However, the Persians were now just trying to survive We'll look at the events in Syria after Yarmouk first, and then take a look at Persia after Qadisiyyah
2-7: Plague And Famine

2-7: Plague And Famine

2016-02-2939:07

In 639, a plague broke out, originating in Nicopolis, or Imwas, in the modern state of Israel. The city no longer exists as it was destroyed by Israeli army during Six Day war. It is estimated around 20000 people died from this plague. Among them were many prominent Sahabas. The most well-knonw of all was Abu Ubaidah, the general that succeeded KIW in Syria Another companion was Muadh ibn Jabal - most famous for these instructions he received from Prophet Muhammad before embarking to Syria Continue reading...
2-8: Copts And Egypt

2-8: Copts And Egypt

2016-03-0745:14

In 451, 115 years before Prophet Muhammad, several men representing various facets of Christianity met in Chalcedon in modern Turkey. They were discussing how to define the true nature of Christ. They believed he was divine, yet he lived and died like a man. 3 weeks later, they decided Jesus Christ had two natures in one: he was both God and man. Any Christians who deviated from this belief were declared heretics which immediately led to a schism in the Church While most Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Christians accepted the Chalcedon decree, Armenian, Ethiopian, and Coptic Christians did not...Continue Reading
2-9: 'Amr And Cyrus

2-9: 'Amr And Cyrus

2016-03-1439:20

The Romans, either from fear or incompetence, had done little to stop Amr during this time Finally, they had to march out from Babylon to meet Amr near Heliopolis and try to drive him from Egypt for good Amr's spies told him of their movements and he planned to go out to meet them in battle. But during the night he sent out two smaller forces; one in the hills overlooking the plains...Continue Reading
The Muslims arrived at Alexandria in July 641 It was perhaps the most magnificent and biggest city they've encountered so far Alexandria was founded by the Greek general Alexander the Great and is named after him In Arabic it is called Al-Iskandariyah Alexander meant for it to be a great center of Hellenistic culture However Alexander left the city under the command of one of his generals soon after founding it. Then he went back on the warpath and never came back At one point, it was the second most important city in the world after Rome; if Rome was like NYC then Alexandria was like London Alexandria linked the Greek and Roman parts of Europe with and Arabia and Asia Continue Reading....
By 641, the Muslims had captured most of the Southwestern part of the Persian Empire. This area contained the best and most fertile lands and would be modern day Iraq, Kuwait, and parts of northwestern Iran. As mentioned previously, Umar had grown weary of all the fighting and was grateful for their current holdings. However, the Persian pride was wounded and they couldn't accept a peace treaty with the Muslims. Emperor Yesdijird made his base in Nihavan and began to build another army to attack the Muslims. Continue Reading
We're back! After a long hiatus we discuss the assassination of Umar ibn Al-Khattab and the choice of Uthman as the 3rd Caliph of the Muslim world. Show notes available at islamiclearningmaterials.com/election
2-13: Uthman And Egypt

2-13: Uthman And Egypt

2016-09-2648:40

Uthman Ibn Affan has always been compared to others. Both during his lifetime and after, he has been compared to the Caliph that came before him and the one that would come after him. There are many factors that contributed to his popularity among a small segment of the Muslim society. Some of them were based on decisions that Uthman made. But some things were out of his control, such as: Not as many conquests as before Minority Muslim Arabs ruling over a conquered, non-Muslim people. Economic strain from entitlements established by Umar Ibn Al-Khattab. Still, there were some decisions that Uthman made that make us pause. One of his most questionable decisions was replacing a popular and successful general like Amr Ibn Al-As with Ibn Abi Sarh. It did not help that Ibn Abi Sarh had once betrayed Prophet Muhammad. And the fact that he was Uthman's cousin just made things even worse. Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman1 Please support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following: Give a monthly pledge on Patreon Subscribe on iTunes Share with your friends and family You can do it all at the show notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman1  
Uthman has been accused of often appointing his family members to high positions. And in many instances that was true. But some of his appointments were still very good, even if they were related to him. An example of that is Muawiyyah ibn Abu Sufyan. In addition to finding favor with the Prophet of Islam, Muawiyyah was a competent governor of Syria. One of his earliest successes was the building of the first Muslim navy. But he would run into trouble when another companion, Abu Dharr, begins to criticize the way some Muslims lived. Abu Dharr was not one to hold his tongue; not even for the governor of Syria nor for the Caliph. When Abu Dharr's speech begins to rub people the wrong way, Uthman has to make some changes. Unfortunately, he was unaware how those changes would damage his reputation. Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman2 Some things you'll find interesting in the show notes are: Transcript for this episode "Married Almost 10 Years!" By Subhanah Wahhaj Video for favorite Nasheed of the week, "Muslim Queen" by Deen Squad. Please support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following: Give a monthly pledge on Patreon Subscribe on iTunes Share with your friends and family You can do it all at the show notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman2
One of the most troublesome spots in the Muslim world was the Iraqi city of Kufah. The people were fickle, restless, and never satisfied with their governor. Uthman had to change their governor no less than three times. Uthman's popularity took another hit during the Hajj of 649. Seemingly inconsequential actions had major repercussions. But the most important event during this period was the one that would bring the most benefit. Upon discovering the message of the Quran was in danger of being diluted and fractured, Uthman took immediate stops to reverse this trend. What came out of this was a standard, official compilation of the Quran that remains to this day. But even this great achievement came with its problems. Ultimately, it was just another chance for Uthman's opponents to gripe about him. The fun doesn't end when the podcast does. Visit the Show Notes page for more links, articles, and videos related to this episode Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman3 Here's some of the things you'll find: Transcript for this episode A link to the article "Do You And Your Muslim Spouse Speak the Same Language?" by Subhanah Wahhaj. Video to this week's favorite Nasheed, "Jannah" by Deen Squad. You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following: Give a monthly pledge on Patreon Subscribe on iTunes Share with your friends and family. You can do it all at the Show Notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman3
Many people mark the beginning of Uthman's troubles with the loss of the Prophet's rings. But things really got bad for Uthman when he lost the support of the esteemed companion, Ammar ibn Yasir. The antagonism against Uthman was growing in three main locations: Egypt, Kufah, and Basrah. The rest of the empire was calm and had no problems with his administration. No matter how what Uthman did, he could not get to the bottom of their malcontent. These mysterious complaints against have led some to believe a nefarious individual was behind everything. However, the reality was much more mundane. There were simply many people who did not agree with the way Uthman did things. Uthman was an old man and allowed trusted members of his family to run the government. Unfortunately, when things went bad, it was Uthman who took all the blame Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman4 Here's some of the things you'll find: Transcript for this episode Links to various related episodes Video to this week's favorite Nasheed, "Happy" by Omar Esa. You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following: Become a sponsor Subscribe on iTunes Share with your friends and family You can do it all and more at the Show Notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman4  fw8552q3
For several years, there had been a low level of discontent in the Muslim empire. While most of the inhabitants were happy, there were a significant number who were not. Caliph Uthman had already spoken to his governors to try to get a handle on what was happening. Though they had many ideas, no one came up with a decision to fix the problem. So Uthman decided to hold another meeting, but this everyone was invited. He hoped to speak with the malcontents directly and see what was happening. The meeting was successful in that Uthman was managed to defend his decisions and found out why so many people were disaffected. He even agreed to several of their demands. Unfortunately, some of them would not be satisfied until Uthman was completely out of the picture. There's more to this show than just this single episode. Visit the show notes page for more links, articles, and videos related to this episode. Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman5. Here's some of what you'll find: Transcript for this episode Link to this week's book recommendation Video to this week's favorite Nasheed You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following: Give a monthly pledge on Patreon Subscribe on iTunes Share with your friends and family You can do it all at the Show Notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman5.  
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Comments (19)

Izzy19

Is there a season 4 with Ibn Zubair and the Ummayads?

Aug 6th
Reply

Ibrahim Warner

Uthmans wife knew who killed him. After all she lost 4 fingers. Why did Ali not ask her and give punishment ?

May 23rd
Reply

Momina Masud

Where are those episodes of Ottoman empire?

Apr 6th
Reply

Katie Louise Tyers

Please can you tell me if the two predecessor podcasts to this podcast are still available? If yes, what are they called and where can I find them? Thanks

Feb 2nd
Reply

Awais Mirza

kalboshan yadev one of the indian spy captured by Pakistan agencies who accepted that he was part of many terrorist attacks held in Balochistan. Both countries were face to face in International court of justice. This is not Govt claim that India is involved. Good program but thought to add this fact.

Oct 30th
Reply

James Reardon

Where can I find parts 1-8, please?

May 27th
Reply (1)

Faroogh Haftjoosh

why voice quality is so bad on this episode???ottoman 8

Apr 17th
Reply

Serene Mimi

where can I find season 1?

Apr 10th
Reply

Kevin Jacobs

It's a really good podcast that does a great job explaining Islamic history and putting the events into context.

Mar 8th
Reply

Rafael

I love how it's all about war. the religion of peace keeps slaves and only peaceful when you submit to their rule. once conquered you're forced to submit. although I do not agree with the religion this was a good podcast. good to learn.

Jan 23rd
Reply (6)

Bronwyn Fraser

Really wanted to like this podcast but the caster gets way too bogged down in detail - to the point of singing verses allegedly performed by historical figures, in Arabic. It sounds very nice and all but you're not learning anything. Also season 1 isn't available which seems really odd. I'm finding it difficult to achieve the purpose of this podcast and really gain a comprehension of Islamic history

Sep 13th
Reply

sternen_meer

Where is chapter 1??

Feb 26th
Reply
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