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Mikkipedia

Author: Mikki Williden

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Mikkipedia is an exploration in all things health, well being, fitness, food and nutrition. I sit down with scientists, doctors, professors, practitioners and people who have a wealth of experience and have a conversation that takes a deep dive into their area of expertise. I love translating science into a language that people understand, so while some of the conversations will be pretty in-depth, you will come away with some practical tips that can be instigated into your everyday life. I hope you enjoy the show!
29 Episodes
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Lola Berry

Lola Berry

2021-05-1101:01:31

Mikki and Lola talk about·      Her early years in the nutrition space, and how she developed the approach that she is well known for ·      Her entrepreneurial activities, including the smoothie bar, Lola coffee, and her ambitions in acting·      How she copes with self doubt and how her confidence has built over time·      Her next steps in her career, including plans for America·      Who inspires herLola Berry is a nutritionist, author, accredited yoga teacher, content creator, presenter, speaker, podcaster and entrepreneur. She’s an awesome Aussie chick who is genuinely interesting and interested in people, hence her podcast, along with being super funny and kind.Lola’s has a Bachelor of Health Science she completed at Endeavour College of Natural Health, where she majored in Nutritional Medicine. She is the author of a number of best selling books including Inspiring Ingredients, The 20/20 Diet, The 20/20 Diet Cookbook, Lola Berry’s Little Book of Smoothies and Juices, The Happy Cookbook, The Happy Life, Lola Berry’s Summer Food, Food to Make You Glow, Beauty Food and The Yoga Body. She has another book that is to be released in September of this year which is a bit of a personal memoir and self development, so watch this space.In addition to the above, she cofounded a successful smoothie bar before launching Lola Coffee, a mix of specialty instant coffee and lions mane (which is delicious, btw). For the last couple of years Lola’s love of acting and presenting has her honing in on further developing these skills through acting classes and, if that isn’t enough, she has just surpassed 100 episodes of Fearlessly Failing with Lola Berry – an interview podcast about failures with guests including Megan Gale, Georgia Love and Olivia White. Lola loves to interview people about the lessons and failures that have ultimately led to people's success. It’s the “not so shiny times'' that actually shape us and make us stronger.  Contact; https://www.instagram.com/yummololaberry/?hl=enLola Berry https://lolaberry.com/Lola Coffee https://lolacoffee.co/Fearlessly Failing https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/fearlessly-failing-with-lola-berry/id1478245620Lola’s books: https://lolaberry.com/collections/for-shop
Throughout our conversation we talk about Shaun's :-Family and upbringing, and his early orienteering yearsThe benefits of an outdoor lifestyleExtreme endurance events, including circumnavigating Auckland in 2020 The Revenant - (link: https://www.welcomerock.co.nz/the-revenant) including his nutrition approach leading up to and during the event.Sleep deprivation, power naps and his hallucinations Mental training to manage pain and endurance training (https://rewirefitness.app/)The next incarnation of the Hillary Ultra - 2022 Shaun can be reached on IG https://www.instagram.com/runningbeastnz/?hl=enLactic Turkey Events: https://www.lacticturkey.co.nz/
Dr Tommy Wood

Dr Tommy Wood

2021-04-2701:07:10

Tommy Wood is part of the research faculty at the University of Washington (UW) in the Department of Pediatrics. His research focuses on ways to increase resilience of, and treat injury of, the developing brain. He has a bachelor's degree in biochemistry from the University of Cambridge, a medical degree from the University of Oxford, and a PhD in physiology and neuroscience from the University of Oslo. In addition to his role as a faculty at UW, he serves as President of Physicians for Ancestral Health, and is on the scientific advisory board of Hintsa Performance. Alongside his career in medicine and research, he has invested time in developing easily-accessible methods with which to track human health, performance, and longevity. He has published and spoken on multiple topics surrounding functional and ancestral approaches to health, including examining the root causes of multiple sclerosis and insulin resistance. He uses his experiences in coaching and competing in rowing, CrossFit, powerlifting, and ultra-endurance racing to inform his day-to-day interaction with clients looking to achieve long-term health and performance.Tommy can be found at https://www.drragnar.com/IG: @drtommywoodStudiesSweden, linoleic acid and CVD: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4334131/Swedish study SAT v PUFA and muffins: https://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/63/7/2356Brisk walking and hippocampal volume: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4425252/
Kathrine Switzer

Kathrine Switzer

2021-04-2059:02

Kathrine Switzer has long been one of runnings most iconic figures. N0t just for breaking barriers as the first woman to officially run the Boston Marathon in 1967, but also for creating positive global social change. Because of her millions of women are now empowered by the simple act of running.Highlights of Kathrine’s iconic career Broke Gender Barrier at 1967 Boston Marathon Inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in October 2011 for creating positive global social change Winner, 1974 NYC Marathon Emmy Award-winning TV commentator Author, Marathon Woman (DaCapo Press), Running and Walking for Women Over 40, the Road to Sanity and Vanity (St. Martin’s Press), co-author 26.2 Marathon Stories (Rodale Press) Founder, Avon Running Global Women’s Circuit Winner of Abebe Bikila Award for Global Contribution to Sport of Running from New York Road Runners First class of inductees into the National Distance Running Hall of Fame Named one of the Visionaries of the Century (2000) and a Hero of Running (2012), and Runner of the Decade (1966-76) by Runners World Magazine Kathrine contact: https://kathrineswitzer.com/261 Fearless: https://www.261fearless.org/Marathon Woman: https://www.amazon.com/Marathon-Woman-Running-Revolutionize-Womens/dp/0738213292
Mikki talks to Fleur about how she got in to the supplement industry, and what it is about NZ Blackcurrants particularly (as opposed to blackcurrants grown elsewhere) that makes them particularly special. They talk about the latest research in the performance arena (and why the likes of Dougal Allan, NZ Coast to Coast champion in 2021 (https://dougalallan.com/), swears by them) and their application for improving metabolic and immune health. Papers spoken about in today's episode can be found here: https://curranz.co.nz/blogs/research-papersCurranz: https://curranz.co.nz/Fleur Cushman is the Co-Founder (and a New Zealander) who grew up under the life-shaping influence of her father, natural health pioneer and pharmacist Mike Cushman, who developed the hugely successful 'Clinicians' range of vitamin and mineral supplements.It was Mike who shared with Fleur the power of New Zealand blackcurrants and urged her to develop its incredible potential on the international stage.Fleur has lived in the UK for over 20 years and before launching CurraNZ, was a sports journalist and editor on a leading national newspaper
Dr Mark Cucuzzella

Dr Mark Cucuzzella

2021-04-0601:04:321

This week Mikki talks to Dr Mark Cucuzzella, Professor, physician and Lt Col who advocates for healthier lives and the challenges and opportunities of preventing and treating obesity and type 2 diabetes with a low carbohydrate approach.  Mikki met Mark at the Ancestral Health Society Conference in Boulder, 2016 where he presented on his work at the West Virginia Hospital with patients, using the approach popularized by Tim Noakes to help manage blood sugar excursions.  In this episode, Mikki and Mark talk about ·      His entry point to low carbohydrate diets and how it changed his running ·      How his advocacy for lower carbohydrate approach is used with patients that he treats at the West Virginia Center for Diabetes and Metabolic Health ·      The development of the medical curriculum in health, exercise and food science (MEDCHEFs) at West Virginia University Eastern Division ·      His paper that details how to adapt diabetes medications for a lower carbohydrate approach ·      Adherence to a lower carbohydrate approach and his experience with his patients.  Links in podcast:  ·  Tim Noakes Real Meal Revolution: https://realmealrevolution.com/ ·  Tim Noakes on Trial: https://www.nmsociety.org/the-scene/noakestrial ·      Adapting diabetes medication for low carbohydrate management of type 2 diabetes: a practical guide https://bjgp.org/content/69/684/360 ·      ACCORD trial https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/landmark-accord-trial-finds-intensive-blood-pressure-combination-lipid-therapies-do-not-reduce-combined-cardiovascular-events-adults-diabetes·  ADVANCE trial details: https://www.wikijournalclub.org/wiki/ADVANCE·  HealthfitU continuing education with Phil Maffetone https://www.healthfitu.com/·  Adherence to a lower carbohydrate approach: https://insulinresistance.org/index.php/jir/article/view/30/88·  Run for your life (Mark’s book): http://runforyourlifebook.com/ ·      Sugar - the bitter truth https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBnniua6-oM&ab_channel=UniversityofCaliforniaTelevision%28UCTV%29 About Mark:  Lt. Col. (Dr.) Mark Cucuzzella is a Professor at West Virginia University School of Medicine. As a US Air Force Reservist he designs programs to promote healthier and better running with the US Air Force Efficient Running Project.  Mark has presented running workshops on over 50 military bases. He has been a national-level Masters runner, having competed for over 35 years with more than 100 marathon and ultra-marathon finishes. Mark is a two time winner of the Air Force Marathon and has a marathon PR of 2:24. As well as being the race director of Freedom’s Run race series in West Virginia, Mark is director of the Natural Running Centre, an education portal designed to teach healthier running. He is also the owner of Two Rivers Treads – A Centre for Natural Running and Walking in his hometown of Shepherdstown, West Virginia. Mark’s innovative work and story has been featured in the New York Times, NPR, Outside Magazine, Running Times, Runners World, Air Force Times, the Washington Post, JAMA, and other medical and media outlets.Contact Mark: https://www.drmarksdesk.com/
Jamie Scott - Seasonality

Jamie Scott - Seasonality

2021-03-3001:13:56

Mikki and Jamie discuss His entry point into ancestral thinking and living Impact of light at night and dark during the day Light intensity during the day and impact on body's circadian rhythm Melatonin as our darkness hormone How we can optimise our light environment for optimal health Jamie Scott is a Registered Nutritionist (BSc, BPhEd), Professional Mountain biker coach with postgraduate degrees in Sports Medicine and Nutrition Medicine from the University of Otago. He spent the first decade of post-grad life working as a personal trainer, rehabilitation assistant, and as a nutrition consultant, working with a range of individuals and groups. After leaving the fitness industry, Jamie became a health researcher, writer, and presenter for one of New Zealand’s largest organisational health and well-being companies. He has consulted privately to a number of large New Zealand organisations on health and longevity, and concentrates his time working with clients through his company p3athletica, helping them optimise their health and performance.You can find Jamie at https://p3athletica.trainingtiltapp.com/IG: https://www.instagram.com/p3_athletica/Four Season Solution https://www.amazon.com/Season-Solution-Groundbreaking-Powering-Always/dp
Cliff Harvey, PhD, is New Zealand’s expert on the effects of a ketogenic diet in a healthy population, but so much more than that. He has been  helping people to live healthier, happier lives, and to perform better since starting in clinical practice (way back...) in the late 1990s. Over this time he has been privileged to work with many Olympic, professional, Commonwealth and other high performing athletes. He has also worked with many people to overcome the effects of chronic and debilitating health conditions. Along the way he has founded or co-founded many successful businesses in the health, fitness and wellness space, including the Nutrition Store Online and Holistic Performance Institute, NZ’s leading certification and diploma for health, nutrition, health coaching and performance that has many of the world experts teaching on the course, so students are learning from the best. Cliff has  over 20 years experience as a strength and nutrition coach and, in addition to his PhD research, he is a Registered Clinical Nutritionist, qualified Naturopath (Dip.Nat – NCNZ) and holds a diploma in Fitness Training (AUT) and Health Coaching in Patient Care.You can find Cliff over at https://cliffharvey.com/Lion's Mane Mushrooms: https://cliffharvey.com/why-i-love-lions-mane-mushrooms/Nutrition Store Online: https://www.nutritionstore.online/ 
Sara Lake is a New Zealand Registered Nutritionist with a Health Science degree in Psychology and a Master of Science in Human Nutrition, both from Massey University. She has completed the 'Psychological Approaches for Weight Concerns' module with ACFED (making her a bronze level practitioner) and is a Certified Intuitive Eating Counselor. She also has qualifications in Personal Training and have been working in various sectors 'health and fitness' for nearly 25 years.For most of her working life she has been heavily involved with the food and supplement industries, working in product development, regulation and health and nutrition claims. Through this work, she has in depth knowledge and understanding of nutritional supplements, which allows her to take a targeted approach with clients where required.Sara can be reached at www.nznutritionist.com and also on instagram @nznutritionistIntuitive Eating: https://www.intuitiveeating.org/10-principles-of-intuitive-eating/Evelyn Tribole: https://www.evelyntribole.com/
Dr James O' Keefe

Dr James O' Keefe

2021-03-0901:00:08

James is a cardiologist and Medical Director of the Charles and Barbara Dubok Cardio Health & Wellness Center at Saint Luke’s Mid American Heart Institute, an enormous practice of more than 60 cardiologists. He is also a Professor of Medicine at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. James has authored best-selling cardiovascular books for health professionals, including the Complete Guide to EKGs, Dyslipidemia Essentials, and Diabetes Essentials. He has also authored over 300 academic studies in the broad area of lifestyle and disease.This week we talk specifically on:how James has ended up basing his cardiology practice on lifestyle intervention who is at risk of experiencing heart issues with too much exercise (and who isn't)his recommendations for supplements to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease (for athletes and non-athletes)his lifestyle recommendations for optimal healthHis own daily practice for overall health.Studies discussed:Training for longevity: the reverse J curve for exercise: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32848273/A Pesco-Mediterranean Diet With Intermittent Fasting: JACC Review Topic of the Week https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32943166/Physical Activity, All-Cause Mortality, and Longevity of College Alumnihttps://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejm198603063141003You can find Dr O'Keefe at: https://doctors.saintlukeskc.org/provider/James+H+O'Keefe+Jr./1458597
This week Mikki chats to Anna Frost, professional mountain runner, all about her career, race and training highlights, and transitioning to coach and motherhood. We talk about the early days, how she began her career as a runner, how she trained for the longer events, her approach to training (particularly when injured) and how she coaches her athletes now. We also cover how she met her husband, Braz, and their trail running adventures business, and life as mum to Skylar.You can find Anna at Instragram: @annafrostyFacebook: @annafrostWebsite: www.frostyfootsteps.com
Craig Emmerich

Craig Emmerich

2021-02-2301:10:44

This week Mikki sits down with Craig Emmerich to discusss all things ketogenic diets. Craig is one half of the duo that make up Maria Mind Body Health and Keto-Adapt. A former structural engineer, he has spent 15 years researching the best dietary approaches to help optimise health and wellbeing, and has taken that research and, with his wife Maria, coached thousands of people to  better health, in addition to co-authoring a number of best-selling books including the Art of Fat Loss, and Keto: The Complete Guide to Success on The Ketogenic Diet. Craig and Maria put out a heap of free resources and recipes and share their journey of the ketogenic lifestyle with their family.On today's show, Mikki and Craig discussKetogenic diet pitfalls and where people go wrongTheir approach to a ketogenic dietA ketogenic diet for children (and why it won't stump growth and development)Protein sparing modified fastsCraigs experience with using diet and lifestyle to manage his lyme diseaseEnjoy!You can find Craig over at: https://keto-adapted.com/ You can order his books through https://www.amazon.com/Craig-Emmerich/e/B074P5JY27%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share
Dr Susan Kleiner

Dr Susan Kleiner

2021-02-1601:19:24

In this episode we discuss, amongst other things: ·      Nutrition in the 1980s·      How the field has shifted ·      Mistakes elite (and other) athletes make·      Co-founding the International Society of Sports Nutrition·      Susan’s recommendations for fuelling athletic performance Dr. Susan Kleiner is the owner of High Performance Nutrition, LLC, a consulting firm on Mercer Island, Washington, and the Director of Science and Communication for Vitargo, Inc. She is also currently the High Performance Nutrition Consultant to the Seattle Storm.Dr. Kleiner has consulted with many professional teams and team members, including the Seattle Reign, Seattle Seahawks, Seattle Mariners, Seattle Thunderbirds and Seattle Supersonics, the Cleveland Browns and Cleveland Cavaliers, the Miami Heat, Olympians and elite athletes in countless sports. Dr. Kleiner has authored eight books, including the bestseller The New Power Eating, The Good Mood Diet®, and The POWERFOOD Nutrition Plan. Dr. Kleiner is one of the foremost nutrition authorities on eating for strength, and her POWER EATING® program has reshaped the lives of thousands. The book is a bestseller and a leader in the field, and is now in its fifth edition and retitled The New Power Eating. Dr. Sue’s Good Mood Diet® Program arose from her observations that her clients’ moods and energy levels improved with their nutrition. The Good Mood Diet® program was featured in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer and is the basis for her book, The Good Mood Diet: Feel great while you lose weight. She is a visionary educator and motivator, speaking nationally and internationally on topics in the field of nutrition, health and performance. Dr. Kleiner consults with businesses interested in applying scientific evidence to product research and development, educational marketing and growth potential. She is a sought after expert interview as well as writer in all forms of print, online and broadcast media. Dr. Kleiner’s credentials include a PhD in Nutrition and RD, FACN, CNS, FISSN certifications and honors. She is co-founder and fellow of the International Society of Sports Nutrition and a fellow of the American College of Nutrition, a member of The American College of Sports Medicine and The National Strength and Conditioning Association.  Contact https://www.drskleiner.com/contact/ https://linktr.ee/mikkiwilliden
Dr Stuart Gray graduated from the University of Glasgow with a BSc in Physiology and Sports Science and subsequently completed a PhD in Exercise Physiology from the University of Strathclyde. After post-doctoral positions at Strathclyde and Loughborough Stuart was appointed to Lectureship at the University of Aberdeen. In 2015 he took up a position in the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Science (ICAMS) at the University of Glasgow.In this week’s episode, Mikki and Dr Gray talk about:·        His professional career from exercise physiology to ageing populations and the impact of omega 3s on ageing muscle.·        Dietary guideline recommendations that don’t reflect changing needs with different age groups·        The epidemiological research that shows associations between fatty fish and healthy ageing·        The animal (pre-clinical) trials that act as proof of concept of omega 3 fatty acid’s impact on muscle function and health·        The randomised clinical trials in an ageing population that show with (and without exercise) the benefit of taking omega 3 fatty acids·        The differing impact between krill oil and standard omega 3 fatty acids·        Suggested dosage of omega 3 fatty acids·        The potential mechanisms for how omega 3 fatty acids influence muscle health·        The potential for omega 3 fatty acids to really benefit those who are not healthy, including people with type 2 diabetesPapers discussed (or related to discussion):Robinson SM, Jameson KA, Batelaan SF, Martin HJ, Syddall HE, Dennison EM, Cooper C, Sayer AA; Hertfordshire Cohort Study Group. Diet and its relationship with grip strength in community-dwelling older men and women: the Hertfordshire cohort study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Jan;56(1):84-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01478.x. Epub 2007 Nov 15. PMID: 18005355; PMCID: PMC2493054.Da Boit M, Sibson R, Sivasubramaniam S, Meakin JR, Greig CA, Aspden RM, Thies F, Jeromson S, Hamilton DL, Speakman JR, Hambly C, Mangoni AA, Preston T, Gray SR. Sex differences in the effect of fish-oil supplementation on the adaptive response to resistance exercise training in older people: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Jan;105(1):151-158. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.140780. Epub 2016 Nov 16. PMID: 27852617; PMCID: PMC5183731.Da Boit M, Mastalurova I, Brazaite G, McGovern N, Thompson K, Gray SR. The Effect of Krill Oil Supplementation on Exercise Performance and Markers of Immune Function. PLoS One. 2015 Sep 25;10(9):e0139174. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139174. PMID: 26407095; PMCID: PMC4583249.Kamolrat T, Gray SR, Thivierge MC. Fish oil positively regulates anabolic signalling alongside an increase in whole-body gluconeogenesis in ageing skeletal muscle. Eur J Nutr. 2013 Mar;52(2):647-57. doi: 10.1007/s00394-012-0368-7. Epub 2012 May 13.PMID: 22581256.McGlory, C., Calder, P. C., & Nunes, E. A. (2019). The Influence of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Skeletal Muscle Protein Turnover in Health, Disuse, and Disease. Frontiers in nutrition, 6, 144. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2019.00144Mcglory, C., Gorissen, S.H.M., Kamal, M., Bahniwal, R., Hector, A.J., Baker, S.K., Chabowski, A. and Phillips, S.M. (2019), Omega‐3 fatty acid supplementation attenuates skeletal muscle disuse atrophy during two weeks of unilateral leg immobilization in healthy young women. Faseb, 33: 4586-4597. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.201801857RRRTipton KD. Nutritional Support for Exercise-Induced Injuries. Sports Med. 2015 Nov;45 Suppl 1:S93-104. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0398-4. PMID: 26553492; PMCID: PMC4672013.  Dr Gray can be found at: https://www.gla.ac.uk/researchinstitutes/icams/staff/stuartgray/#biography
Nicole Bitter

Nicole Bitter

2021-02-0254:04

Javelina Jundred website: https://aravaiparunning.com/network/javelinajundred/Nicole Bitter contact: FB: https://www.facebook.com/nicole.kalogeropoulos/Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/nkbitter/
Brad Kearns

Brad Kearns

2021-01-2601:22:07

This week, I chat to Brad Kearns. It was such a fun conversation and he is a wealth of information. Brad is a New York Times bestselling author, elite athlete, podcast host and health expert. He is a Guinness World Record holder in Speedgolf, USA Masters Track&Field All-American high jumper, and a former US national champion and #3 world-ranked professional triathlete. His B.rad podcast covers all aspects of healthy, happy living. His MOFO Mission is about optimizing male hormones, maintaining competitive intensity, and aging gracefully.In this episode we discusshis early professional career as a triathlete, and what he learned from that experiencehis transition to a New York Times best selling author in the health and wellness space, advocating for an ancestral approach to nutrition and training in order to optimise healthhis morning routine and how that has changed over time (and how to keep it achievable) (You Tube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-IPPwBc3GLw)his books keto reset and keto for life (Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Keto-Reset-Diet-Metabolism-Forever/dp/1524762237) his supplement MOFO and his MOFO mission (Link: http://www.bradkearns.com/mofo/)Brad can be reached at https://www.bradkearns.com/Shreduary link: https://www.teamsiriustriclub.com/new-year-fitness-and-nutrition-reset/ -- MikkiMikki Williden PhDRegistered Nutritionist0212233239w: http://mikkiwilliden.comt: @mikkiwillidenfb: http://www.facebook.com/mikkiwillidennutritionSkype: micalla3
Dr Nicky Keay has a BA in Medical Tripos and medical qualifications MB, BChir from Cambridge University. Nicky has extensive clinical and research experience in Endocrinology and Sport/Dance and Exercise Medicine involving elite athletes, professional ballet dancers and young aspiring athletes. As a Research Fellow at St Thomas’ Hospital  she was part of the international medical team working to develop a test to detect athletes doping with growth hormone, supported by the International Olympic Committee. Her other research studies investigated the effects of training and nutrition on the Endocrine system, body composition and bone mineral density, supported by medical research awards. These various research projects led to a number of publications and awards.More recently, Nicky has turned her attention to an integrated and personalised approach to optimising health and fitness.  She regularly blogs on Sport Endocrinology: the reciprocal network interactions of the Endocrine system, exercise, nutrition, health and fitness over on the British Journal of Sport Medicine. She wrote the BASEM educational online resource for RED-S Health4Performance. Which we discuss. As Honorary Fellow in the Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences at Durham University, She conducts clinical research in sports/dance endocrinology. She is available for appointments at the EN:SPIRE clinicOutside of all of the academic achievements, she is an experienced ballet dancer, choreographer and teacher. Shei s also a pilates instructorNicky says, "My aim is to redefine optimal health and fitness for the individual. My approach integrates all aspects of my professional clinical experience with my medical research expertise in Endocrinology and Sport, Dance and Exercise Medicine".Nicola Keay website: https://nickykeayfitness.com/about/Indicators and correlates of energy availability in dancers: https://bmjopensem.bmj.com/content/6/1/e000906 Bone health assessment in clinical practice: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.08.07.20170142v1?fbclid=IwAR0il8CbJU6AFlv_vjIJp_CwrXNu_jdqvu0i2GuFIBtlDnvRGIOHLarN3Z0 Low energy availability assessed by a sport-specific questionnaire and clinical interview indicative of bone health, endocrine profile and cycling performance in competitive male cyclists. https://bmjopensem.bmj.com/content/bmjosem/4/1/e000424.full.pdf Website to raise awareness of low energy availability and educate coaches and athletes: http://health4performance.co.uk/ The IOC consensus statement: beyond the Female Athlete Triad--Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) https://bjsm.bmj.com/content/48/7/491?ijkey=f5b10cefc2a21957cc699d29cac03cb19536b808&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha Burke LM, Lundy B, Fahrenholtz IL, Melin AK. Pitfalls of Conducting and Interpreting Estimates of Energy Availability in Free-Living Athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2018 Jul 1;28(4):350-363. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30029584/ The LEAF questionnaire: a screening tool for the identification of female athletes at risk for the female athlete triad https://bjsm.bmj.com/content/48/7/540?ijkey=de41abd7eaa59ad06948a2a31a50ae0843df80d6&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha Fahrenholtz IL, Sjödin A, Benardot D, Tornberg ÅB, Skouby S, Faber J, Sundgot-Borgen JK, Melin AK. Within-day energy deficiency and reproductive function in female endurance athletes. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018 Mar;28(3):1139-1146.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29205517/
Zach Bitter

Zach Bitter

2021-01-1201:23:38

Zach Bitter is an American ultramarathon runner who holds world records for the 100-mile run (track) and the 12-hour distance world record. He is an endurance coach and the host of the informative and popular Human Performance Outliers podcast, a show that goes in-depth with guests who explore their outer limits, along with research in a wide variety of sports, fitness, and nutrition-related topics.In the show we discuss: How he coaches his clients Desert Solstice Invitation preparation ( held on December 12th 2020)- Race website: https://www.aravaiparunning.com/desert-solstice/ HPO Podcast where he outlines his strategy and also a debrief on how it went: https://zachbitter.com/hpo  Benefits of Strength training and how he builds it into a already heavy training load Why he embarked on LCHF Book: The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Performance: https://www.amazon.com/Art-Science-Low-Carbohydrate-Performance/dp/0983490716 FASTER Study: Volek, J. S., Freidenreich, D. J., Saenz, C., Kunces, L. J., Creighton, B. C., Bartley, J. M., ... & Phinney, S. D. (2016). Metabolic characteristics of keto-adapted ultra-endurance runners. Metabolism, 65(3), 100-110. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26892521/  Fueling during an ultramarathon How he fits in a 200mile training week and how he fuels those training runs (hint  - it is a lot of eggs!)  S Fuels: https://www.sfuelsgolonger.com/ Trans Continental Run: San Fran to New York in 2021 for charity Fight for the Forgotten (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-American_Footrace) Zach's contact: https://zachbitter.com/ @ZachBitter   Instagram @Zbitter Twitter
Questions with Cliff

Questions with Cliff

2021-01-0501:14:15

Cliff Harvey, PhD, is New Zealand’s expert on the effects of a ketogenic diet in a healthy population, but so much more than that. He has been  helping people to live healthier, happier lives, and to perform better since starting in clinical practice (way back...) in the late 1990s. Over this time he has been privileged to work with many Olympic, professional, Commonwealth and other high performing athletes. He has also worked with many people to overcome the effects of chronic and debilitating health conditions. Along the way he has founded or co-founded many successful businesses in the health, fitness and wellness space, including the Nutrition Store Online and Holistic Performance Institute, NZ’s leading certification and diploma for health, nutrition, health coaching and performance that has many of the world experts teaching on the course, so students are learning from the best. Cliff has  over 20 years experience as a strength and nutrition coach and, in addition to his PhD research, he is a Registered Clinical Nutritionist, qualified Naturopath (Dip.Nat – NCNZ) and holds a diploma in Fitness Training (AUT) and Health Coaching in Patient Care.Today, we are answering these listener questions:Questions this podcast:Paul: Hey Mikki, I read Cate Shanahans book. She talks about importance of liver. I am using chicken liver pate as I can’t stomach liver ingredients seem fine, just wanted to double check. Suitable replacement for lack of liver eh?Caroline Buss: Hi Mikki, should I be taking a probiotic every day? I currently take Garden Life once daily women’s probiotic but read recently that it’s not good for gut health to take them daily. Thanks Jason Smith: Would be interested to know your thoughts on protein intake and ketosis. I've used 2g protein/kg (generally for maintenance) but in thinking of going keto I've been recommended 1 - 1.5g; is that enough protein? I'm concerned that a past problem with DOMs may re-appear Paul Kelly Hey Mikki, I have heard you mention perfect Keto MCT powder. Which favour do you go for and how would you apply in a fasted training protocol? Does it mix well with coffee, presume would have to be natural flavour then. Blend? Cheers Cliff’s research review: gut health and probiotics https://cliffharvey.com/gut-issues-the-carb-appropriate-review-part-two/ Link to pate recipe: https://mikkiwilliden.com/recipes/red-wine-pate Cliff’s research into candida: https://cliffharvey.com/all-you-need-to-know-about-treating-candida-naturally/ Fasting: https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/6-ways-to-do-intermittent-fasting Protein intake in keto diets: http://cliffharvey.com/why-you-shouldnt-be-afraid-of-protein-on-a-keto-diet/ MCT powder for training (Fasted): https://nz.iherb.com/pr/quest-nutrition-mct-oil-powder-16-oz-454-g/82828
Frederic Leroy studied Bio-engineering Sciences at Ghent University (1992-1997), and obtained a PhD in Applied Biological Sciences at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in 2002, where he continued his academic career at the research group of Industrial Microbiology and Food Biotechnology (IMDO) as a post-doctoral fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO). Since 2008, he holds a professorship in the field of food science and (bio)technology. His research primarily deals with the many ecological aspects and functional roles of bacterial communities in (fermented) foods, with a focus on animal products. In addition, his interests relate to human and animal health and wellbeing, as well as to elements of tradition and innovation in food contexts. The research is often of an interdisciplinary nature, involving collaborations with experts in microbiology, animal production, veterinary sciences, social and consumer sciences, cultural anthropology, and food history. He is also a member of the research group of Social and Cultural Food Studies (FOST). Professor Leroy is also an editorial board member of Foods, the International Journal of Food Microbiology (IJFM), and the magazine 'Food, Science and Law' (FSL), board member of various academic non-profit organizations, including the Belgian Association for Meat Science and Technology (BAMST; president), Belgian Society for Food Microbiology (BSFM; secretary), and Belgian Nutrition Society (BNS), president of the scientific committee of the Institute Danone Belgium, and effective member of the Advisory Commission for the "Protection of Geographical Denominations and Guaranteed Traditional Specialities for Agricultural Products and Foods" of the Ministry of the Brussels Capital Region.  Debate with Professor Neal Bernard: https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/112/4/931/5901950 Should dietary guidelines recommend the reduction of red meat? https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10408398.2019.1657063 Eat LANCET commission https://eatforum.org/eat-lancet-commission/ Meat in the diet: A biosocial perspective https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-05484-7_1 Meat in the post-truth era: mass media discourses on health and disease in the attention economy https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0195666317317877?via%3Dihub
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