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Scientific Sense ®

Scientific Sense ®

Author: Gill Eapen

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Scientific Sense ® is a daily podcast focused on Science and Economics. We talk with the world's leading academics about their research and emerging ideas in a variety of domains. The conversation is unstructured and unscripted. The host, Gill Eapen, has over 30 years of experience in various areas in Economics, Science, Technology, and Business. Decision Options ®, the firm he founded in 2001, is a leader in AI applications for decisionmaking. Mr. Eapen is the author of two textbooks and a paperback.
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132 Episodes
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Habitable Zones, Remote life-detection criteria, habitable zone boundaries, and the frequency of Earth-like planets around M and late K stars, and  Abiotic Oxygen Levels on Planets: Possible False Positive For Life? Prof. James Kasting is a Professor at Penn State University, where he holds joint appointments in the Departments of Geosciences and in Meteorology and Atmospheric Science. His research focuses on the evolution of planetary atmospheres and climates and on the question of whether life might exist on planets around other stars. In 2018, he was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences. His book, How to Find a Habitable Planet (Princeton University Press), was published in 2010. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The Occurrence and Architecture of Exoplanetary Systems, Doppler and Transit Surveys, Kepler-78, Ultra-Short-Period Planets, and hot Jupiters Dr. Josh Winn is a physicist and astronomer at Princeton University.  His research goals are to explore the properties of planets around other stars, understand how planets form and evolve, and make progress on the age-old question of whether there are other planets capable of supporting life.  His group uses optical telescopes to study exoplanetary systems, especially those in which the star and planet eclipse one another. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The complex development of the human brain, Interneuron Types as Attractors and Controllers, Developmental diversification of cortical inhibitory interneurons, and A viral strategy for targeting and manipulating interneurons across vertebrate species Prof. Gordon Fishell is a professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School and the Stanley Center at the Broad Institute.  He is a developmental neurobiologist interested in how the architecture of brain circuits are assembled, with a special focus on the diverse populations of inhibitory interneurons. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Red giant masses and ages derived from carbon and nitrogen abundances, Spectroscopic determination of masses for red giants, Young alpha-enriched giant stars in the solar neighborhood, and Dynamical heating across the Milky Way disc. Prof. Marc Pinsonneault is a theorist on the structure and evolution of stars at Ohio State University. His research interests range from the microphysics of stellar models, including composition, energy, and angular momentum transport mechanisms, to the observed properties of stars. An element of his current research is the use of astroseismological data from the Kepler space mission, in combination with APOGEE and other spectroscopic surveys, to obtain novel constraints on stellar physics, stellar populations, and the chemical evolution of the Milky Way. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The world is running out of energy in 100 years, Large-Scale Computation using Astronomical Resources, and the future of Artificial Intelligence. Prof. Gregory Laughlin is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Yale University. He is interested in hydrodynamic simulations, the characterization of extrasolar planets, and planet-forming environments as well as the far future of the universe. He has done research on a variety of topics, including star formation, extrasolar planets, and interstellar objects. With Fred Adams, he is the author of The Five Ages of the Universe --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The New Horizons Mission to Pluto, the Juno Mission to Jupiter: What have we learned and what's in store? Prof. Fran Bagenal is a Professor of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder and a researcher in the fields of space plasmas and planetary magnetospheres. Her career spans involvement in the exploration of the outer solar system with NASA’s Voyager, Galileo, New Horizons, and Juno missions. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Bayesian analysis of the astrobiological implications of life’s early emergence on Earth,  A Possible Spectroscopic Biosignature of Extraterrestrial Plants, and Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability Prof. Edwin Turner is a Professor of Astrophysical Sciences at Princeton University. He also serves as Co-Chair of the NAOJ-Princeton Astrophysics Collaboration Council (N-PACC). He has carried out extensive astronomical observations at Mt. Palomar Observatory, Kitt Peak National Observatory, NRAO's Very Large Array, Apache Point Observatory, the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan’s Subaru Telescope, and with the Hubble Space Telescope. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Algorithms and Artificial Intelligence,  definitions, origin, progress, problems, and the future. Dr. Chris Bleakley is an Associate Professor and Head of the School of Computer Science at University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland. Chris leads a research group focused on inventing novel algorithms for analyzing real-world sensor data. His latest book ‘Poems that Solve Puzzles: The History and Science of Algorithms tell the story of how algorithms came to revolutionize our modern computerized world. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Qatar, a great field experiment in understanding factors affecting COVID incidence rates, mortality, herd immunity, testing, reinfection, and vaccination and forming policies for the future. Laith Abu-Raddad is a Professor of Population Health Sciences at Cornell University in Qatar. He is also the director of the WHO Collaborating Center for Disease Analytics on HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis. Previously he held academic and research positions at the University of Washington, Imperial College London, and Osaka University. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Phage Therapy: A Renewed Approach to Combat Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, Prisoner's dilemma in an RNA virus, Virus population extinction via ecological traps, and Dynamics of molecular evolution in RNA virus populations depend on sudden versus gradual environmental change Prof. Paul Turner is a Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University and a Microbiology faculty member at Yale School of Medicine. He studies evolutionary genetics of viruses, particularly phages that infect bacterial pathogens, and RNA viruses transmitted by arthropods. Paul’s honors include Fellowship in the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and American Academy of Microbiology. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Love, Money, and Parenting: How economics can help explain how we raise our kids today, Women's Employment in a Pandemic Recession, and Why has the college wage premium risen rapidly in the US, but not in European economies such as Germany? Prof. Matthias Doepke is a Research Professor in the Department of Economics at Northwestern University. His research spans many areas including parenting, inequality, and their economic effects on society. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The history, puzzles, and miracles of Quantum Mechanics Prof. Michel Janssen is a Professor, Program in the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine & School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota. Books on the subject are below: Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen, Constructing Quantum Mechanics. Vol. 1. The Scaffold, 1900–1923. Vol. 2. The Arch, 1923–1927. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Vol. 1 (2019), Vol. 2 (expected Fall 2022).    Michael Janas, Michael E. Cuffaro and Michel Janssen, Understanding Quantum Raffles. Quantum Mechanics on an Information-Theoretic Approach: Structure and Interpretation. Berlin: Springer (expected Spring 2021). Jeffrey Bub, Bananaworld. Quantum Mechanics for Primates. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016 (slightly revised paperback edition: 2018). Tanya Bub and Jeffrey Bub, Totally Random. Why Nobody Understands Quantum Mechanics. A Serious Comic on Entanglement. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
In silico experiments of cytokine-directed clinical trials using agent-based modeling, Examining sepsis using genetic algorithms on an agent-based model, The Crisis of Reproducibility, and the Scientific Role of Multi-scale Modeling Prof. Gary An is a Professor of Surgery and Vice-Chair of Surgical Research at the University of Vermont. He specializes in trauma and surgical critical care. His research interests include computational biology, mathematical modeling, and computer simulation, and translational systems biology. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Strategic Plan for U.S. Particle Physics in the Global Context, Dark Energy Survey, Cosmological Constraints from Galaxy Clustering and Weak Lensing Prof. Scott Dodelson is a professor of Physics at Carnegie Melon University. He serves as co-chair of the Science Committee for the Dark Energy Survey and is actively involved in the LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration, and work with data from the South Pole Telescope. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Reconceptualizing the Role of Security User,  Community-based production and management, and Macroeconomic Analysis of Routing Anomalies Prof. Jean Camp is a Professor at the School of Informatics and Computing at Indiana University. She is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Her research goal is the security that people need, the privacy they want, in systems they can trust. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The Science of Human Individuality, redefining Nature and Nurture, It Runs in the Family, Twin Experiments and traits, The impact of Experience, Memory, and Sex. Prof. David Linden is a Professor in the Department of Neuroscience at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His laboratory has worked for many years on the cellular basis of memory storage, recovery of function after brain injury, and a few other topics. He is the author of four bestselling books on the biology of behavior for a general audience. His most recent book is Unique: The Science of Human Individuality. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Life-history evolution, The transition to modernity and chronic disease: mismatch and natural selection, and Molecular Evolutionary Medicine Prof. Stephen Stearns is a Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University. Prof. Stearns specializes in life-history evolution, which links the fields of ecology and evolutionary biology, and in evolutionary medicine. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Galactic Settlement and the Fermi Paradox,  Planck Frequencies as Schelling Points in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, and the practicality and implications of Dyson Spheres. Prof. Jason Wright is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Penn State, a member of the Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, and director of the Penn State Extraterrestrial Intelligence Center. He works on a variety of problems related to stars, their planets, and life in the universe. His work in SETI includes searches for signs of the extraterrestrial industry via waste heat (e.g. Dyson Spheres). He is also a member of the Habitable Zone Planet Finder team. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Measuring Consumer Preferences for Video Content, The Impact of Mergers on Quality, How Much is Privacy Worth Around the World and Across Platforms?, The persistence of broadband user behavior, Mobile Attention, and the upcoming wave of antitrust investigations. Prof. Jeff Prince is a Professor and Chair of Business Economics and Public Policy at Indiana University. He is also the Chair of Strategic Management and Co-Director of the Institute for Business Analytics. He recently served as Chief Economist at the Federal Communications Commission. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
What drives militant politics? Studies from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Western Africa, A case study in Kerala, the enigmatic Southern state of India, and the similarities between Pakistan, India, and the United States in scriptural literalism in religion and politics. Prof. Carol Christine Fair is a Professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University. Her work is primarily focused on counter-terrorism and South Asian topics. She was a political officer with the United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan and a senior research associate at USIP's Center for Conflict Analysis and Prevention. She has served as a Senior Fellow at West Point's Combating Terrorism Center and a Senior Resident Fellow at the Institute of Defense Studies and Analysis. VOTE. MAKE OUR DEMOCRACY BETTER. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
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