DiscoverTeaching Hard History: American Slavery
Teaching Hard History: American Slavery

Teaching Hard History: American Slavery

Author: Teaching Tolerance

Subscribed: 1,312Played: 20,474
Share

Description

Description: What we don’t know about American slavery hurts us all. Teaching Hard History brings us the lessons we should have learned in school through the voices of leading scholars, educators, and your host Hasan Kwame Jeffries. It’s good advice for teachers, good information for everybody.
37 Episodes
Reverse
The systems that enabled and perpetuated African and Indigenous enslavement in what is now the U.S. have much in common, and their histories tell us a great deal about the present. Professors Bethany Jay and Steven Oliver join us to talk about connections between the first two seasons and how to teach them, and we preview what’s to come in season three.   
In this special call-in episode, listeners share their stories and questions from throughout season 2—including teaching remotely, working with families and stakeholders, and incorporating social justice into subjects like math and science. As educators, we’re strongest when we support each other. And you’ll hear great suggestions from fellow teachers, like these resources we discuss from Fairfax County Public Schools in Virginia: Changes in Population (PDF 800 KB) Dos and Don’ts of Teaching About Race, Culture, and Identity (PDF 130 KB) The Role of Virginians During the Civil War (PDF 1.4 MB) The Role of Virginians in the Founding of the New Nation (PDF 970 KB) And of course, you'll find more resources, links and a transcript on our website.
It’s time for our first call-in show! We know things are chaotic for you and every other educator right now. We feel it too, so this seems like the perfect time to talk. Pick up the phone and dial 888-59-STORY (888-597-8679). Our lines are open until Sunday night, April 19. Teaching hard history is even harder right now, so let’s talk about resources you can use if you’re teaching virtually. Ask us your questions; tell us your stories. And let us know how you’re doing. Whether you work with elementary, middle or high school students or whether you teach social studies or English language arts, the coming months are a good time to plan how you can bring accurate, foundational content about enslavement into your lessons. Tell us how you’ve been introducing your students to enslavement. What have you learned? What can we do to help? And we’ll try to have you on the show next week. P.S. If you like, you can also email us at podcasts@tolerance.org.
Indian Removal was a brutal and complicated effort that textbooks often simplify. It is also inseparably related to slavery. Enslavers seeking profit drove demand for Indigenous lands, displacing hundreds of thousands of Indigenous people. Some of these Indigenous people participated in chattel slavery. Focusing on the Chickasaw and Choctaw nations, this episode pulls the lens back to show how Removal and enslavement must be taught together. This story must be told if we're going to understand the full hard history of American enslavement.
The Americas were built on the lands, labor and lives of Indigenous peoples. Despite being erased from history textbooks after the so-called first Thanksgiving, Indigenous peoples did not disappear. Colonial settlers relied on the cooperation, exploitation and forced labor of their Native neighbors to survive and thrive in what became North America. Focusing on New England, historian Margaret Newell introduces us to the Charter Generation of systematically enslaved people across this continent.
From 1936 to 1938, the Federal Writers’ Project collected stories from people who had been enslaved. The WPA Slave Narrative Collection at the Library of Congress is a valuable resource; these oral histories are also problematic. Interpreting these narratives within literary and historical context, students can develop primary source literacy. Historian Cynthia Lynn Lyerly outlines unique insights these texts can add to your curriculum.
To better understand the United States’ past and present, we need to better understand Indigenous identities—and our classrooms play a huge role. This starts with examining what’s missing from our social studies, history, civics and government curricula. Throughout this episode, we reference the K-5 Framework for Teaching Hard History as we shed light on key topics like sovereignty, land and erasure.  
Educators can no longer ignore our country’s history of Indigenous enslavement. Our students need a fuller understanding of the pivotal history of slavery to comprehend the present and develop a vision for our nation’s future. In this mid-season recap, we highlight key lessons about this consequential part of American history—along with teaching strategies and resources—through the voices of leading scholars and educators featured so far. Resources and Readings Guests Maureen Costello (Episode 1): Teaching Tolerance Eduardo Díaz (Episode 1): Smithsonian Latino Center Renée Gokey (Episode 1): National Museum of the American Indian Christina Snyder (Episodes 2 and 3): McCabe Greer Professor of History, Penn State University Debbie Reese (Episode 6): American Indians in Children's Literature Andrés Reséndez (Episodes 7 and 8): The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America References: Teaching Tolerance: Frameworks, Teaching Hard History Teaching Tolerance: Lesson, Rethinking Discovery Christina Snyder, Slavery in Indian Country: The Changing Face of Captivity in Early America Christina Snyder, Great Crossings; Indians, Settlers, and Slaves in the Age of Jackson Teaching Hard History, Summary Objective 2 (Colonial enslavement of Indigenous people) Andrés Reséndez, A Land So Strange: The Epic Journey of Cabeza de Vaca Spain, Requerimiento: The Spanish Requirement of 1513 Teaching Tolerance, Teaching Thanksgiving in a Socially Responsible Way The New York Times, Everything You Learned About Thanksgiving Is Wrong Teaching Tolerance, Emancipation Proclamation Teaching Hard History, Summary Objective 16 (Lincoln and the Dakota 38) The New York Times, Lincoln and the Sioux Spanish forced labor, Encomienda Spanish forced labor, Repartimiento Southern United States, Convict leasing PBS: Slavery by Another Name, Slavery v. Peonage And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
Throughout the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, the forced labor and bondage of Indigenous peoples was integral to the economic and political history of what became the Southwestern United States. Historian and author Andrés Reséndez outlines the significance of silver mining, Indigenous enslavement and resistance in the history of New Mexico and Latin America. We also examine how, as white settlers moved west, so-called “free soil” states like California continued to institutionalize coerced labor.
A hundred years before the first ship carrying enslaved Africans arrived in Virginia, Europeans introduced the commercial practice of enslavement in “The New World.” And for the next 400 years, millions of Indigenous people throughout the Americas were enslaved through several forms of forced labor and bondage. Historian and author Andrés Reséndez calls this “The Other Slavery,” and his work is changing our understanding of the transatlantic slave trade. Resources and Readings Teaching Hard History, Summary Objective 1 Teaching Hard History, Summary Objective 2 Andrés Reséndez History, University of California, Davis The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America A Land So Strange: The Epic Journey of Cabeza de Vaca References: Ancient History Encyclopedia, Atahualpa Spanish forced labor, Encomienda Spanish forced labor, Repartimiento Southern United States, Convict leasing PBS: Slavery by Another Name, Slavery v. Peonage Interviews with Historians, Brett Rushforth Portuguese slave trade, São Jorge da Mina American Heritage, Columbus and Genocide Massimo Livi-Bacci, The Depopulation of Hispanic America after the Conquest Spain, New Laws of the Indies for the Good Treatment and Preservation of the Indians Nancy E. van Deusen, Global Indios: The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in Sixteenth-Century Spain And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
Andrés Reséndez is the author of The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America. His work has changed conventional wisdom about the institution of slavery in the Atlantic World. Over the next two episodes, host Hasan Kwame Jeffries and Reséndez will discuss key turning points in this history—exploring how it expands our understanding of the transatlantic slave trade and the lasting legacy of colonialism, which continues to reverberate in our communities. Be sure to join us. And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
Each autumn, Thanksgiving brings a disturbing amount of inaccurate information and troubling myths into classrooms across the United States. Most students don’t learn much about the history of Native nations—and even less about Indigenous peoples today. Dr. Debbie Reese explains what to look for and what to avoid (or teach with a critical lens) when selecting children’s books by and about Indigenous people. She also recommends specific books to counter common misconceptions in your classroom. Resources and Readings Teaching Tolerance, I Am the Blood of the Conqueror; I Am the Blood of the Conquered Teaching Tolerance, Teaching Thanksgiving in a Socially Responsible Way ReadWriteThink: Debbie Reese, Native Americans Today: Lesson Plan Dr. Debbie Reese Editor/Publisher, American Indians in Children's Literature (AICL) | Twitter References: AICL, A critical look at O'Dell's Island of the Blue Dolphins Andrea L. Rogers, Mary and the Trail of Tears: A Cherokee Removal Survival Story Traci Sorell, We Are Grateful: Otsaliheliga The New York Times, Everything You Learned About Thanksgiving Is Wrong Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz (adapted by Jean Mendoza and Debbie Reese), An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States for Young People Carole Lindstrom, We Are Water Protectors First People, How the Chipmunk Got his Stripes National Indian Education Association, Policy Issues: Education Leilani Sabzalian, Indigenous Studies in Education, University of Oregon Sarah Shear, K-12 Teacher Resources Cynthia Leitich Smith, Hearts Unbroken National Indian Child Welfare Association, Indian Child Welfare Act AICL, L. Frank Baum: Author of Wizard of Oz books and racist editorials on American Indians Charlene Willing McManis, Indian No More Teaching Hard History, Summary Objective 16 (Lincoln and the Dakota 38) The New York Times, Lincoln and the Sioux Eric Gansworth, Writer and Visual Artist: Books Robbie Robertson, Testimony And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
Children’s books are often the primary way young students are exposed to the history of American slavery. But many books about slavery sugarcoat oppression. Professor Ebony Elizabeth Thomas examines what we should consider when it comes to how children’s books portray African Americans and Indigenous people, their cultures and the effects of enslavement. She also explains why it’s crucial to create “a balance of narratives” when selecting books about marginalized and underrepresented communities. Resources and Readings Teaching Tolerance, "Lies My Bookshelf Told Me" Teaching Tolerance, "Hercules’ Daughter" Rethinking Schools, Teaching for Black Lives Ebony Elizabeth Thomas University of Pennsylvania, Literacy, Culture, and International Education Twitter, @Ebonyteach The Dark Fantastic: Race and the Imagination from Harry Potter to the Hunger Games References: Virginia Hamilton, The House of Dies Drear Walter Dean Myers, The Legend of Tariq John Steptoe, Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters Tonya Bolden, Searching for Sarah Rector PBS Africans in America, Benjamin Banneker National Archives, "To Thomas Jefferson from Benjamin Banneker, 1791" Chinua Achebe (Wikipedia) Imani Perry, May We Forever Stand:A History of the Black National Anthem James Weldon Johnson (Wikipedia) Teaching Tolerance, Black History Month: Teaching Beyond Slavery N. K. Jemisin, How Long 'til Black Future Month? Rudine S Bishop, Free Within Ourselves: The Development of African American Children's Literature Glenda Armand, Love Twelve Miles Long Ashley Bryan, Freedom Over Me: Eleven Slaves, Their Lives and Dreams Teaching Tolerance, Meet Frederick Douglass Detroit History, Frederick Douglass and John Brown Meeting Place Manumission (Wikipedia) Amma Asante film, Belle (Wikipedia) Emily Jenkins, A Fine Dessert: Four Centuries, Four Families, One Delicious Treat The New York Times, “Scholastic Halts Distribution of ‘A Birthday Cake for George Washington’” Erica Armstrong Dunbar, Never Caught: The Washingtons' Relentless Pursuit of Their Runaway Slave, Ona Judge Hasan Kwame Jeffries Ohio State University, African-American History All Sides with Ann Fisher (radio), Black History Is American History Ohio State University, United Black World Month And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
For elementary teachers approaching the topic of slavery, it can be tempting to focus only on heroes and avoid explaining oppression. But teachers’ omissions speak as loudly as what they choose to include. And what children learn in the early grades has broad consequences for the rest of their education. Dr. Kate Shuster guides us through the new Teaching Hard History K–5 framework from Teaching Tolerance. We also learn how four elementary teachers are beginning to use it in their classrooms. Resources and Readings Teaching Tolerance magazine, "We Are Our Ancestors' Wildest Dreams" James Madison's Montpelier, The Mere Distinction of Colour (exhibition) Kate Shuster Teaching Tolerance articles Teaching Tolerance, Teaching the Movement Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge Bria Wright Fifth grade, Raleigh, North Carolina, Teaching Tolerance Advisory Board References: Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge #1 Beyoncé, Freedom feat. Kendrick Lamar (video) Glenn E. Singleton, Courageous Conversations About Race: A Field Guide for Achieving Equity in Schools Teaching Tolerance, My Multicultural Self Marvin Reed Third grade, Berkeley, California, Teaching Tolerance Advisory Board References: Teaching Tolerance, Remembering My Four Friends 50 Years Later Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge #5 Teaching Tolerance, The Story of César Chávez, Dolores Huerta and a Great Movement for Social Justice Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge #7 English Language Arts (ELA) Standards Teaching Tolerance: Lesson, The Little Rock Battle for School Integration Sharon Draper, Fire from the Rock Teaching Tolerance: Feature, Beyond the Little Rock Nine Langston Hughes Maya Angelou Alice Mitchell Fifth grade, Boston, Massachusetts, Teaching Tolerance Advisory Board References: Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge #12 NEA, K-W-L Charts (Know, Want to Know, Learned) Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge #14 Teaching Tolerance, Poster Warning Blacks in Boston: Kidnappers Marian Dingle Fourth grade, Atlanta, Georgia, Teaching Tolerance Advisory Board References: Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge #15 The New York Times: Nikole Hannah-Jones, The 1619 Project U.S. Supreme Court, Dred Scott v. Sandford PBS/WGBH, Africans in America: The Middle Passage And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
Understanding Indigenous enslavement expands our conception of slavery in what is now the United States. It spread across the entire continent and affected millions of people of different backgrounds. If we define slavery too narrowly, we can fail to see its persistence over time and even its modern-day permutations. Historian Christina Snyder examines the Civil War, Lincoln and emancipation with Indigenous people in mind. Resources and Readings Teaching Hard History, K-5 Framework: Essential Knowledge #18 Teaching Hard History, 6-12 Framework: Objective #8 Teaching Hard History, 6-12 Framework: Objective #16 National Museum of the American Indian, Native Knowledge 360° Minnesota Historical Society, Dakota War of 1862 Christina Snyder McCabe Greer Professor of History, Penn State University Slavery in Indian Country: The Changing Face of Captivity in Early America Great Crossings; Indians, Settlers, and Slaves in the Age of Jackson References: Teaching Tolerance, The Underground Railroad U.S. Supreme Court, Worcester v. Georgia Smithsonian film, The “Indian Problem” Malinda Maynor Lowery, The Lumbee Indians: An American Struggle University of Minnesota, Holocaust and Genocide Studies Teaching Tolerance, Emancipation Proclamation Time, How a Court Answered a Forgotten Question of Slavery’s Legacy WNET, Slaughterhouse Cases (1873) Crooked Media podcast, This Land And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
Millions of Indigenous people lived in North America before European colonial powers invaded. Along with an insatiable desire for free labor, Europeans brought systems of slavery that significantly differed from the historical practices of enslavement among Native nations. Historian Christina Snyder explains what happened when these worlds collided. European concepts of bondage transformed the way Native nations interacted, resulted in the enslavement and death of millions and sparked widespread resistance. Resources and Resources Teaching Tolerance: Lesson, Rethinking Discovery Teaching Tolerance: I am the Blood of the Conqueror, I am the Blood of the Conquered Teaching Tolerance: Stowage on the Slave Ship Brooks, 1788 Wikipedia: Requerimiento: The Spanish Requirement of 1513 Christina Snyder McCabe Greer Professor of History, Penn State University Slavery in Indian Country: The Changing Face of Captivity in Early America Great Crossings; Indians, Settlers, and Slaves in the Age of Jackson References: Teaching Tolerance: Lesson, Precolumbian Native Peoples and Technology Doctrine of Discovery Teaching Tolerance: The Atlantic Slave Trade what too few textbooks told you U.S. Supreme Court, Johnson V. M’Intosh Wikipedia: Requerimiento: The Spanish Requirement of 1513 Mapping the Mississippian Shatter Zone: The Colonial Indian Slave Trade and Regional Instability in the American South Sarah Shear, Social Studies & Multicultural Education, University of Washington-Bothell And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
American slavery shaped our modern world and most certainly the foundation and development of what is now the United States. The Smithsonian’s Eduardo Díaz and Renée Gokey discuss the importance of learning about Indigenous enslavement. And Teaching Tolerance Director Maureen Costello explains all of the program’s classroom resources available for teaching this history, including a first-of-its-kind K-5 framework. Resources and Readings Teaching Hard History: American Slavery Teaching Hard History Key Concept Videos Teaching American Slavery Through Inquiry Maureen Costello Director, Teaching Tolerance References: Ira Berlin, The Making of African America: The Four Great Migrations Ira Berlin, The Long Emancipation: The Demise of Slavery in the United States Kathy Swan, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Kentucky National Council for History Education Teaching Tolerance: Text, I Have a Dream by MLK Teaching Tolerance: Webinar, Beyond the Bus: Teaching the Unseen Story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Teaching Tolerance: The Moment, Teaching the Truth about Confederate History Eduardo Díaz Director, Smithsonian Latino Center  Renée Gokey Teacher Services Coordinator, National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) | Teaching Tolerance author References: Andrés Reséndez, The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America NPR Genevieve Valentine, Horrors Pile Up Quietly In 'The Other Slavery' Stephen Warren, The Worlds the Shawnees Made: Migration and Violence in Early America Christopher Columbus, Extracts from Journal Indigenous Peoples' Curriculum Day and Teach-In Native Knowledge 360° National Museum of African American History and Culture NMAI exhibition, Taíno: Native Heritage and Identity in the Caribbean NMAI exhibition, T.C. Cannon: At the Edge of America Teaching Tolerance: Text, Indian Removal Act: Primary Documents in American History National Museum of American History, Molina Family Latino Gallery Hasan Kwame Jeffries Department of History, Ohio State University | Teaching Hard History author References: CARTER Center for K–12 Black History Education, Teaching Black History Conference Carter Conference 2019, Teaching about the Beauty, Power, and Resistance of Black History Dr. LaGarrett King, founding director CARTER Center, University of Missouri James Madison’s Montpelier (Ohio State University students' visit) Ebony Elizabeth Thomas, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania Barry Thomas, Director of Equity and Diversity, Omaha Public Schools And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.  
We’re turning our attention to the enslavement of Indigenous people, spending more time with teachers in the classroom and adding support for K–5 educators. Tune in next week for more advice about teaching the history and long legacy of American slavery. And you'll find a full episode transcript on our site.
Historian Bethany Jay returns – answering questions from educators across the country. Host Hasan Kwame Jeffries and the co-editor of Understanding and Teaching American Slavery confront teacher anxieties and counter misconceptions in our season finale. (Teaching Tolerance / Southern Poverty Law Center)
From elementary to high school, YA literature can introduce fundamental themes and information about slavery, especially when paired with primary sources. John H. Bickford shows how to capitalize on the strengths and weaknesses of trade books about slavery. With host Hasan Kwame Jeffries. (Teaching Tolerance / Southern Poverty Law Center)
loading
Comments (12)

Rick Bettencourt

outstanding program

Apr 2nd
Reply

Rick Bettencourt

outstanding program

Mar 11th
Reply

Rick Bettencourt

outstanding program

Dec 24th
Reply (1)

Rick Bettencourt

outstanding program

Dec 10th
Reply (1)

Rick Bettencourt

outstanding program

Oct 28th
Reply (1)

Rick Bettencourt

outstanding program

Sep 27th
Reply

Rick Bettencourt

excellent program

Aug 27th
Reply (1)

Doofan Tor

very impressive!

Feb 6th
Reply
Download from Google Play
Download from App Store