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The History of Software

Author: Zartis

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Software is changing the world in many powerful ways and to understand what software is doing to the world, we need to understand where it comes from.The History of Software is a weekly podcast looking at the people and technology that have transformed our world. It is hosted by Padraig Coffey, CEO of Zartis and historian by academic background. We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com or www.zartis.com
17 Episodes
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In this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis and podcast host, is joined by Brian Kelly, VP of Engineering at FlipDish, as they explore the history and evolution of the agile movement. Agile & The Challenges of Scrum:The Agile Manifesto was published in 2001 and has largely taken the software industry by storm. A 2020 report found that 95% of participating companies are using Agile methodologies. While it’s largely debatable to what extent all these companies are actually agile in practice, rather than in theory, the impact and widespread use of Agile methodologies across the software sector today is undeniable.Why is Agile so incredibly impactful and widely accepted as a way of organizing software development work?  How has the movement evolved since it first started? What are the areas in which it hasn’t evolved fast enough? What is Scrum? What are its advantages and limitations in comparison to other agile approaches such as Kanban, XP, etc? What is the future of the agile movement?Tune in as Padraig and Brian explore this fascinating topic.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
In this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis and podcast host, is joined by Joshua Forman, Director of Engineering at Shapeshift, as they explore the evolution of cryptocurrencies and bitcoin. From the very first examples of digital currencies, through the evolution of Bitcoin and subsequent cryptocurrencies, to where it’s all headed - this episode explores the technical, social and economic factors that have enabled and driven the adoption of cryptocurrencies. What is bitcoin and how did it come about? What are the limitations of blockchain and how did that drive the evolution of other cryptocurrencies? What are the security considerations and the infrastructure of technologies around cryptocurrencies? What is the ecological impact? What is next for the cryptocurrencies from an adoption and technical perspective? Tune in for the answers to those and many more questions, as Josh Forman, shares his insights into this fascinating space.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
15. Online Payments

15. Online Payments

2020-11-1029:00

In this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis and podcast host, is joined by Colm Lyon, founder of Fire and Realex Payments, as they explore the history of online payments.In 1871, Western Union authorized the ability to send money via wire transfer, which marked the dawn of Fintech and technology-driven payments. And yet, the defining moments of the evolution of online payments will follow towards the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century. As with many aspects of life as we know it today, the internet played a key role in shaping the demand and the technology at the base of it. From the way we interact with banks to the emergence and growth of e-commerce - the last few decades marked an increased need for payment technology that enables the changing economy.What were and what are the technological challenges of building online payments technology? How has the sector evolved in the past decades, as the demand has increased exponentially? Is open banking the future? And what is the opportunity for the up and coming entrepreneurs in the sector? Tune in to hear Colm share his insights.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
In this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis and podcast host, is joined by Alec Turnbull, VP of Product at Dotdash. They explore how the internet has changed how we seek out and learn new things with specific focus on the 1990s and early 2000s. In 1993, there were only about 130 websites on the internet. A bit more than a year later, as the first browsers appeared, that number had grown to over 23 000. In 1997, that number was 1.1 million, and today, an estimated 1.7 billion websites exist.This episode explores how this exponential evolution has impacted the way we look for and consume content, the way we understand and consume media. From the first ad on the internet to the impact of digitalization on the journalistic practice and profession - the episode covers a lot of ground. Tune in for more details!We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
In this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis and podcast host, is joined by JP Beaudry, Vice President of Engineering at edX, as they explore the history of educational technology.In 2012, edX published their very first online course called ‘Circuits and Electronics’. More than 155 000 learners signed up and over 7200 passed this rigorous MIT course. To fully understand this number - it would take an MIT professor over 35 years to teach this many students in person. This course alone has reached nearly half a million learners since.The internet brought in a watershed moment by lowering the barrier of entry to education and allowing world-wide access to information. Education technology has seen an unprecedented rise since, and the Covid crisis seems to have only amplified the demand.Tune in for this episode, as JP and Padraig explore the evolution of educational technology - from the invention of the printing press to the first iterations of distance learning to the highly complex technology at play today.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
12. Online Poker

12. Online Poker

2020-10-2030:20

This week Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis and podcast host, is joined by Aidan Donnelly, a technologist who spent many years in the online poker business.When and what was the first online poker game? As many other platforms have appeared in the market since, what made some of them succeed and others fail?Building an online poker platform means 24/7 availability, 100% accuracy when tracking money and the capacity to handle tens of thousands of players at the same time. What are the technical challenges when building an online poker system? What are the architecture and infrastructure considerations? How do you test it? What are the legal issues to consider?Listen in for the answers to those questions and much more from the world of online poker.We hope you enjoy listening and share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
In this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO of Zartis, is joined by Sean O’Sullivan, CTO at Engage EHS, as they explore the evolution of the Irish tech sector in the second half of the 20th century. For the past 5 years, Ireland has ranked as the fastest growing economy in the European Union. This is in no small part due to its booming technology sector. In this episode, we explore how the Irish tech industry as we know it today came to be.The first stored-program computer was purchased by the Irish Sugar company, and it arrived in Ireland in 1957. Its purpose was to perform complex calculations regarding payments to sugar beet farmers. Around the same time, in 1956, the first multinational – IBM – set up in Ireland. A decade later, in 1968, the first indigenous technology company – System Dynamics – was set up.In the following decades, Ireland would see a growing number of multinationals and indigenous tech companies open up offices. This has enabled a shift in the wider economic and societal outlook of the country. Moving away from an agrarian society towards high value-added industries, from a conservative to a more liberal society.To learn more, follow us on a deep dive through the second half of the 20th century in the Irish tech sector.We hope you enjoy listening to our tech podcast and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
In this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by André Neubauer, CTO at Smava, to discuss software architecture and its evolution throughout the years.We live in a changing world and a changing economy, where the demands of the market and the customers evolve at an incredibly rapid pace. Software development has had to adapt. And a major aspect in adapting is re-thinking about the way software is designed.What is software architecture? What are the main factors that have influenced its evolution? Who owns the architecture in an organization and what are the implications of that? Listen in to hear the details.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
In this episode of our tech podcast, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined once again by John Dennehy, Founder of Zartis, Agreeable and Hirehive, to continue their discussion on the evolution of video games. This time, tackling a new decade - the 90s.The 90s brought in a lot of innovation across the gaming sector. On the games side, we saw the rise of first-shooter games and the further popularization of console and PC games. On the business side, companies were tapping into new demographics, targeting older audiences, while also experimenting with new distribution models, such as shareware.Tune in to hear more and revisit some of the most popular games of the decade, and the people behind them.We hope you enjoy listening to our tech podcast and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
In this episode of our software podcast, we explore the early days of video games, from the first game in 1952 till the glory days of arcade games.We look into the rise and fall of the early console gaming industry in the 80s. The market collapsed by 97% between 1983 and 1985, as annual revenues across the sector went from 3.2 billion to 100 million. To learn what caused this crash and what followed in the evolution of video games, tune in!For this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by John Dennehy, Founder at HireHive, Agreeable and Zartis.We hope you enjoy listening to our tech podcast and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
7. George Boole

7. George Boole

2020-09-0217:14

In this episode of our weekly software podcast, we look at the life and legacy of George Boole. Boole was a 19th century mathematician, whose work laid the theoretical foundation for digital computing as we know it today. We explore his symbolic logic and its impact on the evolution of modern computing - from the logic behind 0s and 1s in the circuits of a computer processor, to the instruction sequences at the basis of modern programming languages.For this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by Albena Krasteva, Head of Growth at Zartis.We hope you enjoy listening to our tech podcast and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.Some sources we used and enjoyed:George Boole, Claude Shannon’s and Alan Turing’s role in Computing EvolutionHow Aristotle Created the ComputerClaude Shannon: Reluctant Father of the Digital AgeThe Genius of George Boole - How to be a Genius
6. The Dot-com Bust

6. The Dot-com Bust

2020-08-2526:04

This is the second episode of our two-part podcast series on the Dot-com bubble of the late 90s. While in episode 5 we explored the inflation of the bubble, we are now looking at the bust.Between the years 1995 and 2000, there was a 4-fold increase in the NASDAQ index and a level of VC investment in the sector which has never been seen before or since. As the bubble burst, from peak to trough, there was an 80% decline in the NASDAQ index, which took almost 15 years to recover. More than half of the startups of this period went under.In the context of the wider economic picture, we look at our own history. The Zartis Founder, John Dennehy shares the stories of experiencing the bust first-hand and walks us through the first version of Zartis - a company he founded and sold in the late 90s. The Zartis we know today is 2.0.We hope you enjoy listening to our tech podcast and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com.
5. The Dot-com Boom

5. The Dot-com Boom

2020-08-1828:59

In this two-part series of episodes, we explore the dot-com bubble of the 1990, which has been referred to as the biggest economic rise and fall in business history.In this first podcast episode, we look specifically at the inflation of the dotcom bubble - the social, economic and technological factors that defined the era of innovation, excessive valuations and a noticeably changing work culture.   For this podcast episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by John Dennehy, Founder at HireHive, Agreeable and Zartis. Tune in for episode 6, which will dive into the burst of the bubble. We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com
Episode 3 covered the birth of hacker culture in the 50s and 60s. Following up, in this episode we look at how the movement progressed in the 1970s. We explore what happened as the centre of gravity shifted to the West Coast, and specifically Northern California.We look at the pioneering computer networks Arpanet and Darpanet and  their French counterpart  - Cyclades. The growth in popularity of Unix and C is another pivotal moment of the decade, which poured gasoline on the fire of innovation. And last but not least - we look at the early days of  Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs.For this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by John Dennehy, Founder at HireHive and Zartis.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com or www.zartis.com.
In this episode, we explore Hacker Culture in its early years. We look into the birth of hacker culture in MIT in the late 1950s, and look at the progress of the movement up until 1970. It is considered hacker culture was born when members of the Tech Model Railroad Club at MIT took an interest in programming. Those were the guys who would physically break into computer labs they didn’t have credentials for, or dumpster dive for hardware parts outside of the buildings of defense contractors in the Boston area. From the Tech Model Railroad Club to John McCarthy, L. Peter Deutsch, Bill Gosper - we explore the evolution of hacker culture through the lives and eccentricities of those driving it.For this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by Antonio Reher, Tech Lead at Zartis.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com or www.zartis.com.
In the second episode, we look at advances in software during the period from 1945 to 1961 - essentially we are looking at the incipient stages of the Cold War, up to the era of the Bay of Pigs invasion. This period is marked by a hypercompetitive duopoly of superpowers - the US and the USSR. We explore how this rivalry created the context for many advancements in technology, including the early days of supercomputers, the space race, NASA, ARPA/DARPA etc. We additionally explore the first programming languages advancements, including Short Code, Autocode, FORTRAN, and LISP.For this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by Phil Thomas, UI Lead at Zartis.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com or www.zartis.com.
We start at the start, exploring the dawn of software. From Alan Turing, to Charles Babbage and Ada Lovelace - their unique contributions have not only laid the foundations of software as we know it, but in some cases - changed the course of history. For this episode, Padraig Coffey, CEO at Zartis, is joined by Antonio Reher, Tech Lead at Zartis.We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com or www.zartis.com.
Software is changing the world in many powerful ways and to understand what software is doing to the world, we need to understand where it comes from.The History of Software is a weekly podcast looking at the people and technology that have transformed our world. It is hosted by Padraig Coffey, CEO of Zartis and historian by academic background. We hope you enjoy listening and feel free to share any feedback with us: podcast@zartis.com or www.zartis.com.
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