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You may have heard about the first Gulf War - basically the entire world vs. Saddam Hussein. But though 34 countries - 34! - entered the alliance against Iraq, Israel didn't. So why on earth did missiles begin to rain down on Israel? In this episode, Noam breaks down how the 1991 Gulf War affected ordinary Israelis, tested the US-Israel relationship, and even challenged the long-held Zionist ethos.     ~~~~     This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Marci & Andrew Spitzer and Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and this episode is generously sponsored by the Center For Advancement of Jewish Education, and The Jewish Federation of Northern NJ.     ~~~~   Bibliography: Alston, Adam Eley and Katie. “The Ex-CIA Agent Who Interrogated Saddam Hussein.” BBC News, BBC, 4 Jan. 2017, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-38497767.  “Saddam Hussein -- Iraq's 'President for Life'.” The Christian Science Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor, 26 Aug. 1981, https://www.csmonitor.com/1981/0826/082659.html.  “Before The Revolution | Trailer.” YouTube, uploaded by Journeyman Pictures, 9 March 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMrmK2VGmmg&ab_channel=JourneymanPictures. “Persian Gulf.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/place/Persian-Gulf.  “Saddam Hussein.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saddam-Hussein.  Riedel, Bruce. “Lessons from America's First War with Iran.” Brookings, Brookings, 28 July 2016, https://www.brookings.edu/articles/lessons-from-americas-first-war-with-iran/.  “Iran-Iraq War.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/event/Iran-Iraq-War Ottaway, David B. “Gulf Arabs Place Reins on Iraq While Filling Its War Chest.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 21 Dec. 1981, https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1981/12/21/gulf-arabs-place-reins-on-iraq-while-filling-its-war-chest/f99361f1-f9b8-47d2-9c97-f7058c3dc83d/.  U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State, https://history.state.gov/milestones/1989-1992/gulf-war.  “The Use of Terror during Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait.” The War on Terror: Target Iraq | The Use of Terror during Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait, https://web.archive.org/web/20050124091425/http://www.jafi.org.il/education/actual/iraq/3.html.  Research, CNN Editorial. “Gulf War Fast Facts.” CNN, CNN, 29 July 2020, https://web.archive.org/web/20201112020744/https://edition.cnn.com/2013/09/15/world/meast/gulf-war-fast-facts/index.html.  Encyclopædia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/video/188970/Pres-George-HW-Congress-Bush-Iraq-Kuwait-1990. Accessed 27 Apr. 2022.  Hammer, Juliane, and Helena Lindholm Schulz. The Palestinian Diaspora: Formation of Identities and Politics of Homeland, Routledge, London, 2005, pp. 67 Khalidi, Rashid I. “The Palestinians and the Gulf Crisis.” Current History, vol. 90, no. 552, 1991, pp. 18–37, http://www.jstor.org/stable/45316464. Accessed 28 Apr. 2022. Shlaim, Avi. “Palestine and Iraq.” MIFTAH, http://www.miftah.org/Display.cfm?DocId=3335&CategoryId=8.  Post, Jerrold M. “Perspective on Saddam Hussein : Crazy like a Fox : He Is Narcissistic, Charismatic, Ruthless and Shrewd; He Will Do What He Must to Fulfill His Messianic Destiny.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 25 Jan. 1991, https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1991-01-25-me-491-story.html.  “Palestinians: What do you think about Saddam Hussein?” Youtube. Uploaded by Corey Gil-Shuster, 2 Jan 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLeB6UwyD1k&ab_channel=CoreyGil-Shuster Sciolino, Elaine. The Outlaw State: Saddam Hussein's Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis. Wiley, New York, 1991.  Anfal Campaign and Kurdish Genocide - Department of Information Technology, KRG, https://us.gov.krd/en/issues/anfal-campaign-and-kurdish-genocide/.  Shapira, Anita. Israel: A History. London: Phoenix, 2015.  Shlaim, Avi. “Israel and the Conflict.” International Perspectives on the Gulf Conflict, 1990-91, edited by Alex Danchev and Dan Keohane, St Martin’s Press, 1994, pp. 59-79. “The Gulf War in Israel, Explained.” YouTube, uploaded by Israel Defense Forces, 1 March 2021. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ENOcD4pQGzg&ab_channel=IsraelDefenseForces “When Saddam Hussein fired salvos of Scud missiles into Israel 1991.” Youtube. Uploaded by l'ère Houari Boumediene. 8 January 2021. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNhS8A9MUSw “News - Gulf War - Scud Missiles Hit Israel - Bush & Schwartzkoff News Conferences - 18 Jan 1991.” Youtube. Uploaded by Mary Van Deusen FanVids. Kifner, John. “3 Die, 96 Are Hurt in Israeli Suburb.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 23 Jan. 1991, https://www.nytimes.com/1991/01/23/world/war-in-the-gulf-tel-aviv-3-die-96-are-hurt-in-israeli-suburb.html.  فيديو video قصف اسرائيل فقط صدام فعلهالتقريركاملsadam hosin. Youtube. Uploaded by a7medasaaal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7YbJsDYNi4&t=71s staff, TOI, et al. “'Saddam Gave Orders to Fire Chemical Weapons at Tel Aviv If He Was Toppled in First Gulf War'.” The Times of Israel, 25 Jan. 2014, https://www.timesofisrael.com/saddam-gave-orders-to-fire-chemical-weapons-at-tel-aviv-if-he-was-toppled-in-first-gulf-war/. Shamir, Yitzhak. Summing Up: An Autobiography. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1994. Zacks, Gordon. Defining Moments: Stories of Character, Courage and Leadership. Beaufort Books, 2015.  Eban, Abba. Personal Witness: Israel through My Eyes. Jonathan Cape, 1993.  Gross, Judah Ari, et al. “'We're Going to Attack Iraq,' Israel Told the US. 'Move Your Planes'.” The Times of Israel, 18 Jan. 2018, https://www.timesofisrael.com/were-going-to-attack-iraq-israel-told-the-us-move-your-planes/.  “Persian Gulf War: Israeli Ambassador.” C-SPAN, https://www.c-span.org/video/?15919-1%2Fpersian-gulf-war-israeli-ambassador.  Brinkley, Joel. “Yitzhak Shamir, Former Israeli Prime Minister, Dies at 96.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 30 June 2012, https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/01/world/middleeast/yitzhak-shamir-former-prime-minister-of-israel-dies-at-96.html.  “Gulf War Saddam Hussein Scud Attack On Israel Tel Aviv | Prince Hassan Bin Talal | This Week | 1991.” Youtube. Uploaded by Thames TV. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YmS6QYF_PoM&ab_channel=ThamesTv “Iraqi Army: World's 5th Largest but Full of Vital Weaknesses.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 13 Aug. 1990, https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1990-08-13-mn-465-story.html.  Mattar, Philip. “The PLO and the Gulf Crisis.” Middle East Journal, vol. 48, no. 1, 1994, pp. 31–46, http://www.jstor.org/stable/4328660. Accessed 3 May 2022. Prusher, Ilene. “Palestinian Discretion Is Better Part of Valour.” The Irish Times, The Irish Times, 14 Nov. 1998, https://www.irishtimes.com/news/palestinian-discretion-is-better-part-of-valour-1.214565.  Hadida, Avi (Lt. Col). “The Reflection of Israeli Society in Popular War-Songs.” June 2015, https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/AD1012786.pdf יוסי מימון - אדון סדאם סדאם המטומטם. Youtube. Uploaded by duduwar. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R5cPRuEmcQ4&ab_channel=duduwar
Qibya is one of the saddest and most difficult events in Israeli history. A military unit enters a village, and when the raid is over, 43 homes had been demolished, and 69 civilians – mostly women and children – had been killed. This week, Noam asks, what happened here, and how does it impact the story we tell ourselves about Israel?   ~~~~   This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Marci & Andrew Spitzer and Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and this episode is generously sponsored by the Center For Advancement of Jewish Education, and The Jewish Federation of Northern NJ. ~~~~   Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about Black Saturday: https://jewishunpacked.com/black-saturday-how-far-would-you-go-for-a-homeland/ Unpacking Israeli History about the Mossad: https://jewishunpacked.com/the-mossad-three-tales-of-assassination/ ~~~~ Bibliography: Daniel Gordis, “Israel: A Concise History of a Nation Reborn.” Howard Sachar, “A History of Israel, From the Birth of Zionism to Our Time.” Sapir Journal on power, vol 2, 2021.  Rise and Kill First, Ronen Bergman On the Kanias family https://www.haaretz.co.il/misc/1.853441 https://www.sharett.org.il/downloads/doc-pics/doc03486.pdf  On Israel’s GDP: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?end=2020&locations=ZQ&most_recent_value_desc=true&start=2020&view=map On tzenna (austerity): https://gould.usc.edu/why/students/orgs/ilj/assets/docs/18-1%20Seidman.pdf On Israeli borders:  https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-54116567#:~:text=The%20fighting%20ended%20in%201949,Bank%20(occupied%20by%20Jordan) https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/arm01.asp On Moshe Dayan:  Mordechai Bar-On, “Moshe Dayan: Israel’s Controversial Hero.” https://jiss.org.il/en/henkin-high-price-blood-israels-security-doctrines/#:~:text=The%20Dayan%20doctrine%20was%20designed,war%20of%20attrition%20against%20Israel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FzVrRStVo9k&ab_channel=ThamesTv   On Ariel Sharon:  https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ariel-Sharon,  “Warrior: The autobiography of Ariel Sharon,” p. 1989 Battle for Latrun: https://www.jpost.com/israel-guide/tel-aviv-and-center-tours/latrun-the-battle-for-latrun Participant account of Qibye (note he wasn’t actually in the village, he was outside of it: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nQpBsvdzZ4&ab_channel=ToldotYisrael) Letter to UN Security Council from Jordanian envoy: https://www.un.org/unispal/document/auto-insert-185828/ On the aftermath: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2538005,
It’s 1916 and World War I is raging. Countries are fighting for resources, land and power and the Ottoman Empire is on its deathbed. With all eyes on the Empire’s Middle Eastern territory, who will decide who gets control over what will become Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Iraq, and parts of Saudi Arabia? In this episode, Noam explores the secretive Sykes-Picot Agreement and the fallout it caused at the San Remo Conference.   ~~~~   This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and Marci & Andrew Spitzer, and this episode is generously sponsored by ​​the Jewish Federation of Northeastern New York, and the Jewish Federation of Northern NJ. ~~~~   Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about Black Saturday: https://jewishunpacked.com/black-saturday-how-far-would-you-go-for-a-homeland/ ~~~~ Bibliography: Background info for WWI:  https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2018/11/12/what-everyone-gets-wrong-about-start-world-war-i/ https://www.history.com/topics/middle-east/ottoman-empire https://www.britannica.com/topic/Black-Hand-secret-Serbian-society https://guides.loc.gov/chronicling-america-assassination-franz-ferdinand On the major players: Ottoman Empire: https://www.timemaps.com/history/middle-east-1914ad/,  Hussein ibn Ali: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Husayn-ibn-Ali; https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-hussein-mcmahon-correspondence-july-1915-august-1916; https://www.britannica.com/topic/Husayn-McMahon-correspondence Chaim Weizmann: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Chaim-Weizmann Sir Mark Sykes: https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/heritage/sir-mark-sykes-the-man-who-changed-the-face-of-the-middle-east-1.1958009; Christopher Simon Sykes, The man who created the Middle East : a story of empire, conflict and the Sykes-Picot agreement (Sykes’ grandson!)  Background on Sykes-Picot:  https://interactive.aljazeera.com/aje/2016/sykes-picot-100-years-middle-east-map/index.html https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/britain-and-france-conclude-sykes-picot-agreement https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/world-history/euro-hist/middle-east-20th-century/v/sykes-picot-agreement-and-the-balfour-declaration https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/learning-sykes-picot https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/05/13/sykes-picot-isnt-whats-wrong-with-the-modern-middle-east-100-years/ Danny Gordis, Israel: A Concise History of a Nation Reborn Howard Sachar, A History of Israel from the Rise of Zionism to Our Time Sound clips: https://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/video-news/video-islamic-state-media-branch-releases-the-end-of-sykes-picot-30397575.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHOg7RPBDqc&ab_channel=RANE https://espresso.economist.com/1fe46a07a9ba5f05129cab882582d907 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeIXu7yw6J8&ab_channel=UKLFICharitableTrust San Remo: Meeting minutes: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/Minutes_of_the_1920_Conference_of_San_Remo.pdf Background: https://israelforever.org/interact/blog/why_you_should_know_san_remo/ International law: https://besacenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/172-MONOGRAPH-San-Remo-Conference-Karsh-FINAL.pdf Mandate for Palestine, 7/24/22: https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/peace/guide/pages/the%20mandate%20for%20palestine.aspx#:~:text=No%20discrimination%20of%20any%20kind,ground%20of%20his%20religious%20belief. Anti-Zionist narrative on San Remo: https://www.arabnews.com/node/1669396 Right-wing narrative on San Remo: https://israelforever.org/interact/blog/why_you_should_know_san_remo/ Israel Policy Forum on San Remo: https://israelpolicyforum.org/2020/04/27/unpacking-san-remo-the-centerpeice-of-israels-annexation-narrative/ On stories: https://www.rabbisacks.org/covenant-conversation/ki-tavo/a-nation-of-storytellers/
How much do you know about the Mossad, Israel’s legendary intelligence agency? In this episode, Noam regales three wild stories about the Mossad that seem like they're straight out of a movie. Welcome to the world of international espionage.   Our deepest gratitude to Israeli journalist Ronen Bergman and his deeply researched, one of a kind book Rise and Kill First. The bulk of our research came from this book. And with that, welcome to the shadowy world of international espionage.   ~~~~ This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and Marci & Andrew Spitzer, and this episode is generously sponsored by ​​the Jewish Federation of Northeastern New York, and the Jewish Federation of Northern NJ. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about Sabra and Shatila: https://jewishunpacked.com/sabra-and-shatila-what-happened-and-why-it-matters/ Unpacking Israeli History about Entebbe: https://jewishunpacked.com/operation-thunderbolt-the-raid-on-entebbe/ Unpacking Israeli History about Oslo: https://jewishunpacked.com/oslo-the-peace-that-wasnt/ ~~~~ Bibliography: Rise and Kill First PLO Charter: https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/plocov.asp Munich massacre refresher: https://www.britannica.com/event/Munich-Massacre Wrath of God refresher: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Operation-Wrath-of-God Eurovision stats: https://eurovisionworld.com/eurovision/1973 Uri Milstein interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qWNEiChjXF8&ab_channel=AlexTseitlin  Popular songs of the 1970s: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israeli_Annual_Hebrew_Song_Chart; https://www.myisraelimusic.com/episode1103 On 70s-era terror attacks in Israel: https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/aboutisrael/maps/pages/1967-1993-%20major%20terror%20attacks.aspx On the PFLP: https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/pflp-dflp-pflp-gc-palestinian-leftists Haddad obit: https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1978/04/02/110820416.pdf?pdf_redirect=true&ip=0 Haddad funeral: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8bECeco57k&ab_channel=BloombergQuicktake%3ANow
Prior to the Holocaust, the 1903 pogrom in Kishinev (now Moldova) was the most infamous occurrence of Jewish suffering in the Diaspora. In this episode, Noam explores the many myths that surround the massacre and how it inspired Theodor Herzl to propose the controversial Uganda Plan.    ~~~~   This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and Marci & Andrew Spitzer, and this episode is generously sponsored by ​​the Jewish Federation of Northeastern New York, and the Tampa Jewish Federation.   ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about the Uganda Plan: https://jewishunpacked.com/herzl-and-the-non-promised-land/ ~~~~ Edward Judge, Anatomy of a Pogrom http://faculty.history.umd.edu/BCooperman/NewCity/Slaughter.html Micah Goodman, The Wondering Jew: Israel and the Search for Jewish Identity https://sci-hub.hkvisa.net/10.2307/23877915 https://sci-hub.hkvisa.net/10.1093/mj/kjh017 https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/naacp/founding-and-early-years.html Ervin Birnbaum, In the Shadow of the Struggle https://sci-hub.hkvisa.net/10.2307/40574565 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1EAQVYv-rqw
It’s January of 1954 and the Attorney General v. Gruenwald case, AKA the Kastner trial, has begun. This was seemingly an open and shut libel case between an elderly Hungarian Jew and Israeli government official, Israel Rudolph Kastner. Yet somehow the trial caused a government fallout, brought David Ben-Gurion out of retirement and led to Israel’s first political assassination. In this episode, Noam explores what exactly Kastner was guilty of and how to grapple with the impossible choices he faced at the hands of the Nazis. ~~~~ This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and Marci & Andrew Spitzer, and this episode is generously sponsored by ​​the Jewish Federation of Northeastern New York, and the Tampa Jewish Federation. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about Black Saturday: https://jewishunpacked.com/black-saturday-how-far-would-you-go-for-a-homeland/ ~~~~ Tom Segev. The Seventh Million.  Ben Hecht. Perfidy. Leora Bilsky (2001). Judging Evil in the Trial of Kastner. Law and History Review, 19(1), 117–160. URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/744213 Hanna Yablonka and Moshe Tlamim (2003). The Development of Holocaust Consciousness in Israel: The Nuremberg, Kapos, Kastner, and Eichmann Trials. Israel Studies, 8(3), Israel and the Holocaust, 1-24. URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/30245616 Yechiam Weitz (1996). The Holocaust on Trial: The Impact of the Kasztner and Eichmann Trials on Israeli Society. Israel Studies, 1(2),  1-26. David Luban (2001). A Man Lost in the Gray Zone. Law and History Review, 19(1). 161-17.  “Joel Brand, 58, Hungarian Jew in Eichmann's Truck Deal, Dies.” The New York Times, The New York Times, https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1964/07/15/97339949.html?pageNumber=35.  Laor, Dan. “Israel Kastner vs. Hannah Szenes: Who Was Really the Hero during the Holocaust?” Haaretz.com, Haaretz, 9 Nov. 2013, https://www.haaretz.com/.premium-who-was-the-real-holocaust-hero-1.5287614.  Pnina Lahav (2001). A "Jewish State... to Be Known as the State of Israel": Notes on Israeli Legal Historiography. Law and History Review, 19(2), 387–433. doi:10.2307/744134  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Rudolf (Rezso) Kastner.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/rudolf-rezsoe-kasztner. Accessed on March 20,2022. Hannah Szenes. "A Walk to Caesarea (Eli, Eli)." Perf. Ofra Haza. YouTube. November 26, 2020. Web. Accessed on March 20, 2022. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0jMQq0jYzbw&ab_channel=AntonioSalbertrand Yad Vashem: https://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/microsoft%20word%20-%205978.pdf Israeli Govt: https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/mfa-archive/1950-1959/pages/nazis%20and%20nazi%20collaborators%20-punishment-%20law-%20571.aspx Asher Maoz (2000). Historical Adjudication: Courts of Law, Commissions of Inquiry, and "Historical Truth.” Law and History Review (18)3. URL: https://archive.ph/W2cAj#selection-471.1-426.8 USHMM: https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/gallery/jewish-population-of-europe Times of Israel: https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-says-worlds-jewry-still-2-million-shy-of-1939-numbers/ https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/holocaust-remembrance-day/the-holocaust-facts-and-figures-1.5298803?lts=1647822682931 https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,864174,00.html https://www.commentary.org/articles/w-laqueur/the-kastner-caseaftermath-of-the-catastrophe/ https://m.knesset.gov.il/EN/About/Lexicon/Pages/NoConfidence.aspx https://main.knesset.gov.il/EN/About/History/Pages/KnessetHistory.aspx?kns=2 https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/mfa-archive/1950-1959/pages/nazis%20and%20nazi%20collaborators%20-punishment-%20law-%20571.aspx Primo Levi, The Drowned and the Saved Lucy Davidowicz, The War Against the Jews https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/jewish-uprisings-in-ghettos-and-camps-1941-44#:~:text=Resistance%20in%20Ghettos&text=Their%20main%20goals%20were%20to,escaping%20to%20join%20the%20partisans.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tB4pU6JKsfQ&list=PLVV0r6CmEsFw4EQRLZvAoreWVLWLJDNaI&index=95&ab_channel=WebofStories-LifeStoriesofRemarkablePeople https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-quot-blood-for-goods-quot-deal-april-1944
Welcome to Season 3 of Unpacking Israeli History!   In the summer of 1929, Jews and Arabs alike found themselves caught in an unbearably bloody battle. The aftermath of a deadly riot showed the Jews of British Mandatory Palestine that the British couldn’t protect them, leading them to unite under the banner of Zionism. In this episode, Noam unpacks the 1929 Hebron Riots and considers why it may be considered “Year Zero” of the Arab-Israeli conflict. ~~~~ This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and by Marci & Andrew Spitzer, and this episode is generously sponsored by Liz and Moshe Neiman. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about Black Saturday: https://jewishunpacked.com/black-saturday-how-far-would-you-go-for-a-homeland/ Unpacking Israeli History about UN Resolution 3379: https://jewishunpacked.com/is-zionism-racism-un-resolution-3379/ ~~~~ Once Upon a Country: A Palestinian Life, Sari Nusseibeh https://www.britannica.com/biography/Amin-al-Husayni https://www.britannica.com/topic/mufti https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/hajj-amin-al-husayni-the-mufti-of-jerusalem A History of Israel, From the Rise of Zionism to Our Time, Howard Sachar Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-1998, Benny Morris One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate, Tom Segev Reapproaching Borders: New Perspectives on the Study of Israel-Palestine, Sandy Sufian and Mark Levine https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/1929-hebron-massacre-begins-1.5427655 https://www.jpost.com/features/in-thespotlight/this-week-in-history-the-1929-hebron-massacre City of Abraham, Edward Platt https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-hebron-massacre-of-1929 http://en.hebron.org.il/history/713 Israel: A History, Martin Gilbert The Claim of Dispossession, Aryeh Avneri Year after the Riots: American Responses to the Palestine Crisis of 1929-30, Naomi Cohen https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015066430987&view=1up&seq=7&skin=2021, The Shaw Report https://www.jta.org/archive/testimony-of-orphaned-jewish-children-moves-hebron-court Year Zero of the Arab-Israeli Conflict 1929, Hillel Cohen http://en.jabotinsky.org/media/9747/the-iron-wall.pdf https://www.sefaria.org/topics/mashiach?tab=sources https://hebronfund.org/the-return-to-hebron-1967/ ~~~~  
New Season Coming!

New Season Coming!

2022-03-0202:58

We are deep in the weeds prepping Season 3 of Unpacking Israeli History, and, dear listeners, you’re going to love it. As in past seasons, we’ll be exploring exciting, intense, and complicated topics. Stay tuned, and brush up on past episodes. Yalla, let’s do this.
This is the story of the men and women who brought us our state. Who ran guns, defended settlements, defied the Mandatory Powers that Be, smuggled shell-shocked refugees into their homeland… and who disagreed with each other mightily about the best way to wrench their homeland back from a dying empire. In this episode, the last of Season 2, Noam tells the story of Black Saturday and asks, how far would we have gone to bring about the State of Israel? ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller, and this episode is generously sponsored by Yoni and Lisa Wintner. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about the Altalena: https://jewishunpacked.com/the-altalena-israels-almost-civil-war/ ~~~~ www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsw_q5vO9hY http://hebrewsongs.com/?song=shirhapalmach https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/quot-my-heart-is-in-the-east-quot-yehuda-halevi https://etzel.org.il/ Sasson Sofer, Zionism and the Foundations of Israeli Diplomacy Anita Shapira, Ben-Gurion: Father of Modern Israel Daniel Gordis, Menachem Begin: The Battle for Israel's Soul https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rmYyPcEQKU4 https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/peace/guide/pages/declaration%20of%20establishment%20of%20state%20of%20israel.aspx Thurston Clark, By Blood and Fire
By January 1993, the Israelis and the Palestinians had opened secret negotiations, culminating in the Oslo Accords, a series of agreements between Israel and the PLO, as the representatives of the Palestinians. So, what was Oslo? What is its legacy? How did the Israeli public, including the settlement leadership, view Oslo? What about the Palestinians? And, what lessons can we learn from this haunting story? ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller, and this episode is generously sponsored by Yoni and Lisa Wintner, Beverly and Blake Lorenz, and Dr. Neil and Pam Weissman. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about Baruch Goldstein: https://jewishunpacked.com/baruch-goldstein-legacy-of-a-massacre/ Unpacking Israeli History about Rabin's assassination: https://jewishunpacked.com/the-assassination-of-yitzchak-rabin/ Unpacking Israeli History about UN Resolution 3379: https://jewishunpacked.com/is-zionism-racism-un-resolution-3379/ ~~~~ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8CFL6gHgxI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yD0YmVwYJpA https://history.state.gov/milestones/1989-1992/madrid-conference https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-original-palestine-national-charter-1964 Rise and Kill First, by Ronen Bergman https://www.adl.org/education/resources/glossary-terms/the-oslo-accords-oslo-process https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/peace/guide/pages/declaration%20of%20principles.aspx https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/peace/guide/pages/the%20israeli-palestinian%20interim%20agreement%20-%20main%20p.aspx https://iris.org.il/arafats-johannesburg-speech/ https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1994/05/26/arafats-loose-lips/ffd735a8-fe5f-4172-87fa-a77b4261c820/ https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/yasser-arafat-a-fake-hero-a-lord-of-corruption/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=6x25gf58ezI https://www.smh.com.au/world/sharon-not-frightened-by-ancient-jewish-death-curse-20050728-gdlrql.html https://www.haaretz.com/1.4853346 https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-great-revolt-66-70-ce https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-they-heard-yitzhak-rabin-speak-right-before-his-murder-and-they-ll-never-forget-it-1.9291295 https://interactive.aljazeera.com/aje/palestineremix/the-price-of-oslo.html#/14 https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/terrorism/palestinian/pages/suicide%20and%20other%20bombing%20attacks%20in%20israel%20since.aspx https://sci-hub.se/https://www.jstor.org/stable/41289422 Like Dreamers, Yossi Klein Halevi https://open.spotify.com/track/1aO1Pg9yuW6aVe6yYObjpk?si=2f2589b4f8dc479b https://rabbisacks.org/pinchas-5781/ https://palwatch.org/page/8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JhMF30VLZCA Noa Tishby, Israel: A Simple Guide to the Most Misunderstood Country on Earth https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gj2-MMB_st0 ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
The story of Sabra and Shatila is a horrifying one. A paramilitary Lebanese group massacres between 800 and 2,000 refugees, many in horrifying ways. And oddly...Israel is blamed for this awful, awful crime? This week, Noam will break down the confusing and upsetting story of Sabra and Shatila, and in doing so, will ask, how does a nation deal with power and responsibility? ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller, and this episode is generously sponsored by Yoni & Lisa Wintner. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Unpacking Israeli History about the Munich Olympics: https://jewishunpacked.com/munich-olympics-when-terrorism-won/ Unpacking Israeli History about the disengagement from Gaza: https://jewishunpacked.com/gush-katif-when-jews-expelled-jews/ ~~~~ Sources https://vimeo.com/548669557/description?fbclid=IwAR1NbzDCIl4kiYn8oWh64SkeGk8ABA45E2ulvx87AIz_SBM_JTuTd8vZ5M4 https://web.archive.org/web/20101130144018/http://www.un.int/wcm/content/site/palestine/pid/12363 https://www.thoughtco.com/black-september-jordanian-plo-civil-war-2353168 https://web.archive.org/web/20131019222951/http://legal.un.org/repertory/art98/english/rep_supp5_vol5-art98_e.pdf#pagemode=none https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/jul/19/lebanon.israelandthepalestinians https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/terrorism/palestinian/pages/the%20kuntar%20file%20exposed%20-%20yediot%20aharonot%2014-jul-2008.aspx https://www.nytimes.com/2003/02/25/world/shlomo-argov-73-ex-israeli-envoy-his-shooting-prompted-an-invasion.html https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/aboutisrael/history/pages/operation%20peace%20for%20galilee%20-%201982.aspx https://www.jstor.org/stable/4284144 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenicianism http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6932786.stm https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/background-and-overview-of-first-lebanon-war https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1982/09/15/issue.html https://sci-hub.se/https://doi.org/10.2307/2009880 https://www.theguardian.com/news/1999/oct/18/guardianobituaries https://www.firstthings.com/article/2018/05/soloveitchik-the-zionist https://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://en.wikipedia.org/&httpsredir=1&article=1606&context=facpubs&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.com.tr%2Fscholar%3Fhl%3Den%26q%3Dmassacres%2Bin%2Blebanon%26btnG%3D%26as_sdt%3D1%252C5%26as_sdtp%3D#search=%22massacres%20lebanon%22 ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
A tension between Israeli and diaspora Jewry has been obvious since the founding of the state. And nowhere was that more apparent than in the epic exchanges between philanthropist Jacob Blaustein and Prime Minister David Ben Gurion. In this episode, Noam shows how their debate both animated and clarified so much about the divide between Diaspora Jewish leadership and Israeli Jewish leadership - even today. ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller, and this episode is generously sponsored by Yoni & Lisa Wintner. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Teaching about this topic? Check out our relevant educator resources here: https://unpacked.education/relationship-counseling-israel-and-the-diaspora/ Unpacking Israeli History about German reparations: https://jewishunpacked.com/the-great-debate-around-german-reparations/ Unpacking Israeli History about Entebbe: https://jewishunpacked.com/operation-thunderbolt-the-raid-on-entebbe/ Unpacking Israeli History about Operation Solomon: https://jewishunpacked.com/ingathering-of-exiles-from-ethiopia-to-israel/ ~~~~ Sources https://library.oapen.org/bitstream/id/f40eb209-80a3-47c3-bc0d-106f6413103a/628405.pdf In Vigilant Brotherhood: The American Jewish Committee My Life, Golda Meir’s autobiography Ben-Gurion: Father of Modern Israel, Anita Shapira ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
Begin and Ben Gurion had some epics battles, but one of the biggest ones happened in 1952, as these two Israeli giants battled about whether to take German reparations after the Holocaust. In this episode, Noam looks all the way back at this crazy story, and leaves us asking, who was right? ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  See the full season of Unpacking Israeli History here: https://jewishunpacked.com/podcast-series/unpacking-israeli-history/ ~~~~ Sources https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/06/the-case-for-reparations/361631/ https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/19/us/ta-nehisi-coates-reparations.html https://getyarn.io/yarn-clip/67de380e-8b71-412c-8d06-70af9b31da25 https://www.ushmm.org/exhibition/displaced-persons/daily2.htm https://www.jpost.com/israel-news/israel-breaks-50-year-record-for-most-rainfall-613693 tastecooking.com/truth-israeli-couscous/ https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/144226014.pdf https://www.npr.org/2019/03/07/700356426/thousands-of-israelis-now-call-berlin-home-and-make-their-cultural-mark https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/labor-and-internment-camps-in-north-africa https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9783110255386.100/html http://auschwitz.org/en/history/punishments-and-executions/ https://blog.nli.org.il/en/reparations-agreement/ https://library.oapen.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.12657/28248/1001729.pdf?sequence=1 https://www.aicgs.org/2019/11/the-september-1952-reparations-agreement-between-west-germany-and-israel-the-beginning-of-a-remarkable-friendship/ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/german-holocaust-reparations Menachem Begin: The Battle for Israel's Soul, by Danny Gordis Ben-Gurion: Father of Modern Israel, Anita Shapira ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
On Nov 10, 1975, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 3379, determining that Zionism is "a form of racism and racial discrimination.” That’s quite a loaded description! In this episode, Noam Weissman breaks down what led to this infamous resolution, the UN’s relationship with Israel, and what it means to us, almost 50 years later. ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Teaching about this topic? Check out our relevant educator resources here: https://unpacked.education/video/un-resolution-3379-is-zionism-racism/ ~~~~ Sources https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dlr1ioQIxa4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qpC2HdL-95M https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uv8Hqlubst4&t=44s https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7chKW7H6s8M https://unispal.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/761C1063530766A7052566A2005B74D1 https://www.haaretz.com/.premium-nostalgic-for-the-ussr-on-the-kibbutzim-1.5233153 https://www.marxists.org/subject/jewish/caution-zionism.pdf https://www.jta.org/1952/10/07/archive/bonn-charges-ussr-exports-nazi-anti-semitic-films-to-arabs Sachar, A History of the Jews in the Modern World http://proceedings.informingscience.org/InSITE2019/InSITE19p035-070Cohen5666.pdf https://mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/peace/guide/pages/the%20khartoum%20resolutions.aspx https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/oil-embargo https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB106419296113226300 https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/642340?ln=en https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1973/10/23/issue.html https://content.ecf.org.il/files/M00901_UNGARes3379DebateEnglish.pdf https://www.jta.org/1975/11/12/archive/kristallnacht-at-the-united-nations-100000-in-rally-to-protest-against-anti-zionist-resolution-mass https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuJXdAvPCrU&t=252s https://unwatch.org/moynihans-moment-the-historic-1975-u-n-speech-in-response-to-zionism-is-racism/ https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1991/12/17/un-repeals-resolution-linking-zionism-to-racism/70349a7c-ae07-40ea-b37d-ee711e0636eb/ ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
Have you heard about Israel's secret nuclear weapons in Dimona? Yeah, we haven't either. In this episode, Noam digs deep into how Israel's not-so-secret nuclear program came to be, and asks, does the nuclear program make Israel safer?   ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Teaching about this topic? Check out our relevant educator resources here: https://unpacked.education/unpacking-operation-solomon-30-years-later/ ~~~~ Sources https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.2968/066004008 https://journals.sagepub.com/na101/home/literatum/publisher/sage/journals/content/bosb/2010/bosb_66_4/066004008/20170817/images/large/10.2968_066004008-img2.jpeg https://americanhistory.si.edu/subs/history/timeline/different/nuclear_deterrence.html https://www.britannica.com/place/Russia/The-Khrushchev-era-1953-64 https://books.google.com/books?id=si1oUnk5N3QC&pg=PA61#v=onepage&q&f=false https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/background-and-overview-israel-war-of-independence https://gould.usc.edu/why/students/orgs/ilj/assets/docs/18-1%20Seidman.pdf https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/israel-studies-an-anthology-israel-s-economy: https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/first/c/cohen-israel.html https://www.britannica.com/topic/Suez-Canal https://books.google.com/books?id=jGtVsBne7PgC https://www.jstor.org/stable/30245572?seq=1 https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/france https://fas.org/nuke/guide/israel/nuke/ https://www.atomicheritage.org/history/israeli-nuclear-program jfklibrary.org/learn/about-jfk/jfk-in-history/nuclear-test-ban-treaty https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu/israel/documents/reveal/index.html https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-how-a-standoff-with-the-u-s-almost-blew-up-israel-s-nuclear-program-1.7193419?v=1623033435057 https://nsarchive.gwu.edu/dc.html?doc=5983539-National-Security-Archive-Doc-04-Director-of https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10801564#:~:text=Eventually%2C%20a%20U.N.%2Dbrokered%20ceasefire,heavily%20populated%20Palestinian%20West%20Bank. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/15/truth-israels-secret-nuclear-arsenal https://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/29/world/middleeast/29nixon.html http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/7/newsid_3014000/3014623.stm https://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/21/international/middleeast/israeli-who-revealed-nuclear-secrets-is-freed.html https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/15/truth-israels-secret-nuclear-arsenal https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/09/the-point-of-no-return/308186/ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/select-quotations-of-david-ben-gurion ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
You might have heard of the Beta Israel, the community of Israel’s Ethiopian community. In this episode, Noam Weissman tells their story - not only their rich Jewish heritage and history, but also the story of how they got to Israel, in Operation Solomon, and their integration into Israeli society over the last thirty years. It’s thrilling, inspiring, but also complicated, and difficult at times. In other words, it’s a microcosm of the entire state of Israel, and the Jewish community the world over. ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Teaching about this topic? Check out our relevant educator resources here: https://unpacked.education/unpacking-operation-solomon-30-years-later/ ~~~~ Sources https://www.timesofisrael.com/after-backlash-barkan-winery-says-ethiopian-workers-to-work-as-usual/ https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/05/11/10-key-findings-about-jewish-americans/ft_2021-05-11_jewishkeyfindings_01/ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-32813056 https://www.britannica.com/topic/Beta-Israel https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/the-history-of-ethiopian-jewry/ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/timeline-of-ethiopian-jewish-history https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/who-are-the-ethiopian-jews https://minorityrights.org/minorities/beta-israel/ https://tamidnyc.org/passover-around-world/ https://www.timesofisrael.com/outcry-as-barkan-winery-shuns-ethiopian-workers-over-doubts-of-their-jewishness/ https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/bs-xpm-1996-07-29-1996211101-story.html https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/ethiopian-jewry-no-longer-a-lost-tribe/ https://www.jpost.com/opinion/op-ed-contributors/rabbi-ovadia-yosef-and-the-ethiopian-jews-328178 https://www.rabbinicalassembly.org/sites/default/files/public/halakhah/teshuvot/19861990/saltzman_ethiopian.pdf https://www.aish.com/sp/so/My-Treacherous-Journey-across-the-Ethiopian-Desert.html https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-lifts-sweeping-ban-on-ethiopian-israeli-blood-donations-1.5483820 https://www.timesofisrael.com/ministry-lifts-ban-on-ethiopian-blood-donations/ https://www.enp.org.il/en/background.php https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kebra_Nagast https://www.torahmusings.com/2017/12/rav-ovadya-yosef-whether-ethiopian-jews-need-reconvert/ https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/05/11/10-key-findings-about-jewish-americans/ft_2021-05-11_jewishkeyfindings_01/ Lewin-Epstein, Noah; Cohen, Yinon (18 August 2019). "Ethnic origin and identity in the Jewish population of Israel". Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 45 (11): 2118–2137. Steven Kaplan, "A Brief History of the Beta Israel", in The Jews of Ethiopia: A People in Transition ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
When Air France Flight 139 took off from Tel Aviv on the morning of June 27th, 1976, no one could have suspected that the soon-to-be-hijacked flight was about to lead to one of the world's most daring and risky rescue missions. In the first episode of season two, Noam Weissman unpacked Operation Thunderbolt, Israel's successful secret operation to rescue the passengers, and asks, does this story have enduring lessons for us today? ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller. This episode is generously sponsored by Marci and Alex S. Kaufman. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  Teaching about this topic? Check out our relevant educator resources here: https://unpacked.education/video/operation-thunderbolt-entebbe/ ~~~~ Sources https://www.amazon.com/Skies-Belong-Us-Terror-Hijacking/dp/0307886115 https://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/sept11/2001/10/01/elal-usat.htm#more http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1578183.stm https://www.npr.org/2019/03/30/708229313/opinion-remembering-pilot-michel-bacos-hero-of-the-1976-entebbe-hijacking https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-lod-massacre https://www.haaretz.com/1.5353488 https://www.amazon.com/Entebbe-Balfour-Books-Iddo-Netanyahu-ebook/dp/B003ZUYQG6/ https://www.amazon.com/Operation-Thunderbolt-Entebbe-Airport-Audacious/dp/0316245399/ http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/7/newsid_2496000/2496095.stm) http://web.stanford.edu/group/tomzgroup/pmwiki/uploads/1377-1976-08-KS-a-RCW.pdf https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3qkquLvk6g https://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Analysis-Israel-and-Kenya-blood-ties-326880 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/israel/11701064/Israels-raid-on-Entebbe-was-almost-a-disaster.html https://www.airforcemag.com/PDF/MagazineArchive/Documents/2010/December%202010/1210entebbe.pdf https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vycaXjr7vhQ https://archive.jewishagency.org/secret-service/content/25326 tabletmag.com/sections/news/articles/entebbes-forgotten-dead https://www.haaretz.com/1.5353488 https://www.amazon.com/Memoirs-Expanded-Speeches-Photographs-Afterword/dp/0520207661 https://www.amazon.com/Operation-Thunderbolt-Entebbe-Airport-Audacious/dp/0316245399/ ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
Presenting: This Week Unpacked. Unpacking Israeli History is all about excavating the past, but my colleagues at Unpacked have been working on a new podcast, one that I think will really complement this one. Each week, my colleagues Sara and Avi will be diving deep into something going on in the contemporary Jewish and Israeli world (and in only 15 minutes!). In a world that is hyper polarized and partisan, we take a different approach, and frankly, I hope it’s refreshing. Have a listen to last week’s episode, which is all about understanding the coalition that Bennett and Lapid put together this week. And make sure to subscribe wherever you get your podcasts. ~~~~ The Unpacking Israeli History Podcast series is sponsored by Andrea and Larry Gill ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
The news coming out of Israel is scaring and confusing all of us. Is Sheikh Jarrah a housing dispute, or something bigger? Who is responsible for the protests and riots all over the country? Why are thousands of rockets being launched, and what does it mean for the region? What is going on?? Here at Unpacking Israeli History, we’re here to make sense of the present by exploring the past. Our goal is always to explore the questions of Israeli history — to really get to know the stories, including the confusing grey areas, and to make meaning of the present. To be transparent, and give the real context to the complicated, messy world of Israel, which has a few warts perhaps, but is also full of wonders. Only with that nuanced approach will we really understand Israeli history, and only when we understand that history will we be able to understand the very textured Israeli present. ~~~~ The Unpacking Israeli History Podcast series is sponsored by Andrea and Larry Gill ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
The modern country of Israel is a country of immigrants, and many are Mizrahi, ie Jews from North Africa and the Middle East. They came, often running for their lives, from countries like Yemen, Morocco, Iraq, Egypt, and Syria, where they had lived -- and often, been oppressed. In this episode, Noam confronts the difficult history of the Mizrahi integration into Israel, and the formation of the Panterim Shchorim movement that emerged from that painful period. ~~~~ Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Alan Fisher and Barbara Sommer, and Jon and Rachie Teller. ~~~~ Learn more about Unpacked: https://jewishunpacked.com/about/ Visit Unpacked on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/unpacked  See more about the Yemenite Children Affair: https://unpacked.education/the-yemenite-children-affair-unpacked/ See more on Mizrahi culture: https://unpacked.education/video/mizrachi-music/ https://unpacked.education/video/how-mizrahi-music-took-over-israeli-pop/ See the full season of Unpacking Israeli History here: https://jewishunpacked.com/podcast-series/unpacking-israeli-history/ ~~~~ Sources https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/immigrants-to-israel-1948-1952 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vA2q9yyLlX4 https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/1.5280465 https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt21h4xqw.9?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents   https://www.haaretz.com/jewish/1.5280465   https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3316015,00.html   https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-this-haifa-quarter-symbolizes-dispossession-first-of-palestinians-then-of-jews-1.8187863   https://www.jta.org/1960/01/22/archive/leader-of-haifa-riots-released-from-jail-under-presidential-amnesty   https://books.google.com/books?id=YxJbEgx6X8kC&pg=PA29#v=onepage&q=Musrara&f=false   https://www.pbs.org/hueypnewton/actions/actions_platform.html   https://sci-hub.se/https://doi.org/10.5325/studamerjewilite.35.1.0077   https://www.jta.org/1969/02/24/archive/jerusalem-supersol-re-opens-for-business-2-young-bombing-victims-are-buried   https://web.archive.org/web/20071227064213/http://news.independent.co.uk/people/obituaries/article3284869.ece   https://sci-hub.se/https://doi.org/10.1080/17541320802063554   https://sci-hub.se/https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X84016002002   https://www.nli.org.il/en/newspapers/dav/1971/03/04/01/article/20/?e=-------en-20--1--img-txIN%7ctxTI--------------1   https://reuters.screenocean.com/record/549772   https://israeled.org/israeli-black-panthers/   https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PikiWiki_Israel_15327_Musrara_neighborhood_Jerusalem.jpg   http://israelsdocuments.blogspot.com/2013/05/the-black-panthers-arent-nice.html   https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-the-guerrilla-filmmaker-who-caught-israel-s-black-panthers-on-tape-1.5975793?lts=1624818943350   https://www.haaretz.com/1.4970675   https://electronicintifada.net/content/when-israels-black-panthers-found-common-cause-palestinians/26821   https://people.socsci.tau.ac.il/mu/noah/files/2018/07/Ethnic-origin-and-identity-in-Israel-JEMS-2018.pdf   https://www.cjnews.com/perspectives/rise-mixed-ethnicity-israelis ~~~~ Unpacked is a division of OpenDor Media
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