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Classe da Escola Sabatina em Inglês do Unasp SP.

English Sabbath School Class at Unasp SP Brazil
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Further Thought: “David’s repentance was sincere and deep. Therewas no effort to palliate his crime. No desire to escape the judgments threat-ened, inspired his prayer. . . . He saw the defilement of his soul; he loathedhis sin. It was not for pardon only that he prayed, but for purity of heart.. . . In the promises of God to repentant sinners he saw the evidence of hispardon and acceptance. . . . ‘The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: abroken and a contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise.’ Psalm 51:16, 17.“Though David had fallen, the Lord lifted him up. . . .“David humbled himself and confessed his sin, while Saul despisedreproof and hardened his heart in impenitence.“This passage in David’s history is . . . one of the most forcibleillustrations given us of the struggles and temptations of humanity, andof genuine repentance. . . . Through all the ages . . . thousands of thechildren of God, who have been betrayed into sin, . . . have remembered. . . David’s sincere repentance and confession . . . and they also havetaken courage to repent and try again to walk in the way of God’s com-mandments.“Whoever . . . will humble the soul with confession and repentance,as did David, may be sure that there is hope for him. . . . The Lord willnever cast away one truly repentant soul.”—Ellen G. White, Patriarchsand Prophets, pp. 725, 726.Discussion Questions: How can we find the balance between recognizing our inherentsinfulness and need for forgiveness and, at the same time, living like theforgiven sons and daughters of the King of the universe that we are? Why is all sin, ultimately, sin against God? What does it meanto sin against God? What can we say to someone, not a believer, who struggles withthe suffering of innocent people, such as Uriah or the newborn sonof David and Bathsheba? How do we explain the love and justiceof God in such a situation? How does the perspective of the greatcontroversy offer a helpful outlook? Why would God devote two full chapters of the Bible to thesordid story of David and Bathsheba? What purpose does therecounting of this story serve? Dwell on the idea that sin separates us from God as expressedin Psalm 51:11, 12. What has been your own experience withhow this happens? How would you explain to someone what thisseparation feels like and why it’s so uncomfortable? Why is thepromise of grace the only remedy?
Reflectors of God’s LightProbably the most natural thing for us to do after working throughan embarrassing failure and experiencing forgiveness is to try to forgetthat the event ever happened. Memories of failure can be painful.What does David want to do with his painful experience? Read Psalm51:13–19.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________When a bowl or a precious vase falls and breaks into pieces, we normallysigh and throw the useless broken pieces away. In Japan there is a traditionalart called kintsugi, which specializes in re-creating broken pottery. A pre-cious metal, such as liquid gold or silver, is used to glue the broken piecestogether and to turn the broken item into something of beauty and value.Every time God forgives our transgressions and re-creates us again,something changes. God’s precious forgiveness glues our brokennesstogether, and the visible breaks can draw attention to His grace. Wecan become God’s loudspeakers. “My tongue shall sing aloud of Yourrighteousness” (Ps. 51:14, NKJV). We don’t attempt to self-repair orauto-improve (even incrementally). Our broken spirits, our contritehearts, are enough praise for God—and they are beams of light that theworld can see surrounding us. Our experience of being forgiven attractsothers who are searching for forgiveness.What relationship is there between Psalm 51 and 1 John 1:9?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________First John 1:9 is a short summary of Psalm 51. As David knows that“a broken and a contrite heart—these, O God, You will not despise”(Ps. 51:17, NKJV), John assures us that “if we confess our sins, He isfaithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrigh-teousness” (1 John 1:9, NKJV). We can take God at His word.Again, David could not repair the tremendous damage that he haddone through his acts and example to his family. He suffered the conse-quences of his decisions and actions. And yet, David knew that he hadbeen forgiven. He knew that he needed to trust by faith that one day thetrue Lamb of God would come and stand in his place.How can you learn right now to apply the promises of 1 John 1:9to your own life? How should you feel after you do so and knowthat the promise is for you too?
Something NewAfter David had confessed his sin without trying to excuse it or glossover it, he went on to petition God. What did he ask God for? ReadPsalm 51:7–12.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________David’s reference to cleansing with hyssop utilized terminologyknown to every Israelite who had ever visited the sanctuary. As hereferred to the ritual acts of cleansing described in the Law of Moses(Lev. 14:4), he recognized the power of a sacrifice—the Sacrifice—who would come in the future to take away the sins of the world.David also went on to ask for “joy” and “gladness.” In the face of theenormity of his sin, wasn’t this a little audacious?Perhaps it may be helpful to listen to this paraphrase: “Tell me I amforgiven so that I may enter the sanctuary again where I can hear thejoy and gladness of those worshiping you.”When Adam and Eve sinned, they hid from God’s presence (Gen. 3:8).Why do you think David’s request, even after his sin, is so different?Read Psalm 51:11, 12.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________David did not want to lose the consciousness of living in God’s pres-ence. He realized that without the Holy Spirit he was powerless. Heknew that as easily as he slipped into sin with Bathsheba, he could slipinto sin again. His self-confidence was shattered.David understood that future victories would not come from him;they would come only from God as he depended totally on God.The victorious Christian life is not all about us. It is all about Jesus.We yearn for His presence; we crave His Spirit; we want His joy ofsalvation. We recognize our need for renewal and restoration. We needHis rest—a divine act of re-creation. Creation rest is not far from for-giveness. “Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a steadfastspirit within me” (Ps. 51:10, NKJV) uses Creation terminology. In theOld Testament only God can “create” (bara')—and once we have beenre-created, we can rest.If you haven’t experienced the joy and gladness of liberationfrom a guilty conscience, what is holding you back? If it is guilt,what could you learn from this story that should help you?
Forgiven and Forgotten?After David had unwittingly pronounced judgment on himself (2 Sam.12:5, 6), Nathan confronted him with the enormity of his sin. David’s heartwas broken, and he confessed his sin. Immediately Nathan assured him that“ ‘The Lord also has put away your sin’ ” (2 Sam. 12:13, NKJV) and that hewas forgiven. There was no waiting period for God’s forgiveness. David didn’thave to prove that he was really sincere before forgiveness was extended.However, Nathan, who already had predicted the consequences of David’ssin in 2 Samuel 12:10–12, went on to state that the child to be born would die.What does it mean that God had taken away David’s sin? Did He justwipe the slate clean? Does everyone just simply forget about it? Read2 Samuel 12:10–23 as you contemplate these questions.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________David also must have wondered about these questions as he saw hisworld crumbling—the baby dead, his family in disarray (the stories ofAmnon and Absalom are two good examples of real-life family troubles),and his future uncertain. And yet, despite the consequences of his sin,which had affected innocent people such as Uriah and the newborn baby,David also began to understand that God’s grace would cover this andthat someday all the consequences of sin would be done away with. In themeantime, he could find rest for his troubled conscience in God’s grace.What does David feel he really needs? What does he yearn for? ReadPsalm 51:1–6.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________With Psalm 51, David went public as he opened his heart and con-fessed his sins. David’s cry for mercy appealed to God’s unfailing loveand His great compassion. He yearned for renewal.When we consider the cost of rest in Jesus, we need first to recognize thatwe need outside help; we are sinners and need a Savior; we recognize oursins and cry out to the only One who can wash us, cleanse us, and renew us.When we do this, we can take courage: here is an adulterer, a manipulator, amurderer, and someone who violated at least five of the Ten Commandmentswho called for help—and claimed the promise of God’s forgiveness.If God forgave David for what he did, what hope is there, then, foryou?
Wake-Up CallIn the midst of one of the darkest times of David’s life there was goodnews: God sent His prophet. Nathan and David knew each other well. Earlier,Nathan had counseled David on his plans to build a temple (2 Samuel 7).Now, though, the prophet came with a different task to perform for his king.Why do you think Nathan chooses to tell a story rather than namingand shaming David immediately? Read 2 Samuel 12:1–14.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________Nathan knew what to say, and he said it in a way that David could under-stand. He told a story that David, the former shepherd, could relate to. Heknew David’s highly developed sense of justice and integrity. Thus, in asense, one could say that Nathan set a trap and that David walked right into it.When David unwittingly pronounced his own death sentence, Nathantold him, “ ‘You are the man’ ” (2 Sam. 12:7, NKJV). There are differentways of saying “You are the man.” One can shout it, one can accuse andstick a finger right into the other person’s face, or one can express con-cern and care. Nathan’s words must have been laced with grace. At thatmoment, David must have felt the pain that God must feel when one ofHis sons or daughters knowingly steps outside of His will. Somethingclicked in David’s mind. Something tore in his heart.Why does David respond with: “I have sinned against the L ord ” ratherthan “I have sinned against Bathsheba” or “I am a murderer” (2 Sam.12:13; see also Ps. 51:4)?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________David recognized that sin, which makes our heart restless, is primaril­yan affront against God, the Creator and Redeemer. We hurt ourselves;we affect others. We bring disgrace to our families or churches. Yet,ultimately, we hurt God and drive another nail into the rough beampointing heavenward on Golgotha.“The prophet’s rebuke touched the heart of David; conscience wasaroused; his guilt appeared in all its enormity. His soul was bowed inpenitence before God. With trembling lips he said, ‘I have sinned againstthe Lord.’ All wrong done to others reaches back from the injured oneto God. David had committed a grievous sin, toward both Uriah andBathsheba, and he keenly felt this. But infinitely greater was his sinagainst God.”—Ellen G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 722.
Worn and WearyOn a balmy spring evening, restless King David paced the roof ofhis palace. He should have been with his army on the other side ofthe Jordan. He should have been leading God’s people to defeat theAmmonites and finally bring peace to the kingdom.Not being where he should have been opened the door to temptationfor David. Read the story in 2 Samuel 11:1–5. What happened, andwhat great sin did David commit?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________David saw a “very beautiful woman” taking a bath on her roof. Hissinful impulses got the better of him that evening, and he slept withBathsheba, the wife of a trusted army officer. Like all ancient kings,David had absolute power. As king, he didn’t have to follow the rulesthat governed everyone else. And yet, the painful story of David’sfamil­y following this story-changing moment reminds us of the factthat, even as the king, he was not above God’s law.Indeed, the law is there as a protection, a safeguard, and when eventhe king stepped outside it, he faced terrible consequences. As soon asDavid transgressed the limits of God’s law, he began to feel its effects onall aspects of his life. David thought that his passionate fling had goneunnoticed; yet, Bathsheba was now pregnant and her husband far away.Read 2 Samuel 11:6–27. How did David try to cover up his sin?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________Even David’s most intricate schemes to get Uriah home to his wife,Bathsheba, failed. Uriah was a man of stellar reputation who respondedto David’s subtle hints: “ ‘The ark and Israel and Judah are dwelling intents, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are encamped inthe open fields. Shall I then go to my house to eat and drink, and to liewith my wife?’ ” (2 Sam. 11:11, NKJV). Eventually a desperate Davidreverted to “remote control” assassination to cover his sin.It is hard to believe that David, to whom God had given so much,could have stooped so low. No matter who we are, what warningshould we all take from this story?
Read for This Week’s Study: 2 Sam. 11:1–27, 2 Sam. 12:1–23, Gen. 3:1–8, 1 John 1:9.Memory Text: “Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew asteadfast spirit within me” (Ps. 51:10, NKJV).Many people seem desperate to find a little peace and quiet.They are willing to pay for it too. In many big cities thereare internet-free rooms, which can be rented by the hour. Therules are strict—no noise, no visitors. People are willing to pay to beable to sit quietly and just think or nap. There are sleep pods that canbe rented in airports, and noise-reducing earphones are popular items.There are even canvas hoods, or collapsible privacy shields that youcan buy to pull over your head and torso for a quick workplace break.True rest also has a cost. While the spin doctors of the self-helpmedia would like to make us believe that we can determine our owndestiny and that rest is just a matter of choice and planning, yet, at leastwhen we consider this honestly, we realize our inability to bring truerest to our hearts. In the fourth-century, Augustine put it succinctly inhis famous Confessions (Book 1) as he considered God’s grace: “Youhave made us for yourself, and our hearts are restless, until they canfind rest in you.”This week we look briefly into the life of the man after God’s ownheart to find out how he discovered the true cost of God’s rest.
A Great and Mighty Nation . . .Not only did God promise Abraham that in him would all the fami­lies of the earth be blessed, but the Lord also said that He would makeof him a “great and mighty nation” (Gen. 18:18; see also Gen. 12:2,Gen. 46:3)—quite a promise to a man married to a woman past child-bearing age. Thus, when Abraham was without descendants, much lessa son, God promised him both.Yet, this promise was not completely fulfilled while Abraham wasalive; in fact, neither Isaac nor Jacob saw it come to pass. God repeatedit to Jacob, with the added information that the promise would be ful-filled in Egypt (Gen. 46:3), though Jacob did not see it. Eventually, ofcourse, that promise was fulfilled.Why did the Lord want to make a special nation out of Abraham’sseed? Did the Lord just want another country of a certain ethnicorigin? What purposes was this nation to fulfill? Read Exodus19:5, 6; Isaiah 60:1–3; and Deuteronomy 4:6–8. On the lines below,write out your answer:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________It seems evident from Scripture that God purposed to attract thenations of the world to Himself through the witness of Israel, whichwould be, under His blessing, a happy, healthy, and holy people. Sucha nation would demonstrate the blessing that attends obedience to thewill of the Creator. The multitudes of earth would be drawn to worshipthe true God (Isa. 56:7). Thus, the attention of humanity would bedrawn toward Israel, their God, and the Messiah who was to appear intheir midst, the Savior of the world.“The children of Israel were to occupy all the territory which Godappointed them. Those nations that rejected the worship and service ofthe true God were to be dispossessed. But it was God’s purpose that bythe revelation of His character through Israel men should be drawn untoHim. To all the world the gospel invitation was to be given. Throughthe teaching of the sacrificial service Christ was to be uplifted beforethe nations, and all who would look unto Him should live.”—Ellen G.White, Christ’s Object Lessons, p. 290.Can you see any parallels between what the Lord wanted to dothrough Israel and what He wants to do through our church? Ifso, what are those parallels? Read 1 Peter 2:9.
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