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Co-founded by alumni from IIT Delhi, St. Stephen’s College and South Asian University, The Bridge Project is an initiative set up by recent graduates to address the divide between academia and policy-making in the field of International Relations and Indian Foreign Policy. The objective is to ‘bridge the gap’ between academia and policy in International Relations by facilitating a dialogue between scholars and practitioners in the discipline. Spread the word and let's bridge that gap!
35 Episodes
Episode 1: Regionalism & Sub-Regionalism in South AsiaIn the first episode of The Bridge Project Exclusives in collaboration with Kubernein Initiative, we talk about regionalism and sub-regionalism in South Asia and the non-traditional security threats associated with it.We are joined by Ambika Vishwanath, Co-Founder of Kubernein Initiative and Riya Sinha, Research Associate at Brookings India. Ambika is a geopolitical analyst and water security specialist with over 13 years of experience in the field of governance and foreign policy. You can follow Ambika on Twitter @theidlethinkerRiya has over four years of experience in research on regional integration in South Asia, particularly in the area of trade, investment and building supply chains. You can follow Riya on Twitter @_RiyaSinha In this episode, we traverse various themes that are not only sticking points in the region, but impact global politics at large. We look at issues of multilateralism, trade, infrastructure, energy, tourism and border politics, while keeping an eye out for the future trajectory of the region.RecommendationsReports1. Riya Sinha & Niara Sareen, India's Limited Trade Connectivity with South Asia, Sambandh Regional Connectivity Initiative: Brookings India, 26 May, 20202. Riya Sinha & Bhumika Sharma, Travel South Asia: India's Tourism Connectivity with the Region, Sambandh Regional Connectivity Initiative: Brookings India, 23 July, 2020 3. Sanjay Kathuria, A Glass Half Full: The Promise of Regional Trade in South Asia, South Asia Development Forum, Washington, DC: World BankBooks1. Tanja A. Borzel & Thomas Risse, The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, OUP, April 20162. Lorenzo Fioramonti, Regionalism in a Changing World Comparative Perspectives in the New Global order, Routledge, 10 April, 2014 3. Zia Haider Rahman, In Light of What We Know, Picador India (22 May 2014)4. Amitav Ghosh, The Hungry Tide, HarperCollins (6 January, 2011)Movies1. 7 Years in Tibet (1997)2. The Borderlands (2020)Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Regionalism and Sub-Regionalism in South Asia", Exclusives in Collaboration with Kubernein Initiative (4.1), 09 Aug 2020, URL: Research Credits:Urmi Tat (Host), Prarthana Puthran (Research Assistant)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at for your generous feedback! 
Comparative Politics studies the effects of political culture, institutions and individual decision-making in different political systems around the world. Although a separate subfield from International Relations, Comparative Politics often touches on both the domestic origins of foreign policy and the impact of the international system on domestic political behaviors and outcomes. In the final episode of Season 1 of The Bridge Project podcast series, we are joined by Prof. Ian Hall who teaches at the School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University, Australia and Dr Constantino Xavier, Fellow, Brookings Institution. They discuss a range of issues including India’s foreign policy in the neighbourhood, political cultures and nature of governments in India's context, comparative regional studies in India and China, idea of democracy promotion and regional integration and many more.Show Notes1. Ian Hall (2019), Modi and the reinvention of Indian foreign policy. Bristol: Bristol University Press, 2. Constantino Xavier (2020), China is the new hub for South Asian students, Hindustan Times3. Hall, I. (2017). Not promoting, not exporting: India’s democracy assistance. Rising Powers Quarterly, 1(3), 81-97.  4. Constantino Xavier (2020), 'The quest for regional connectivity’, Hindustan Times. 5. Constantino Xavier, 'Book Review: Power & Diplomacy by Zorawar Daulet Singh'Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Comparative Politics & International Relations : Lessons for Indian Foreign Policy", 1(8), 03 May 2020, URL: Credits:Mukul Bhatia & Ashu ShuklaMusic Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink:
In this episode, we explore the nature of international organizations and the concept of multilateralism. We discuss how India’s engagement strategy in international organizations and its approach to multilateralism have evolved over the years. We also enumerate various stakeholders in multilateral diplomacy and throw light on the role of advocacy networks in international forums. In light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, we also analyze how international institutions are responding to this crisis.We are joined by two distinguished experts – Amb. T. P. Sreenivasan and Dr. Karthik Nachiappan.Amb. T.P. Sreenivasan has served in the Indian Foreign Service for 37 years. He is the Former Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations. He has nearly 20 years of experience in multilateral diplomacy and has represented India at a number of international conferences organised by the United Nations, the Commonwealth and the Non-aligned Movement.Dr. Karthik Nachiappan is a Research Fellow at Institute of South Asian Studies, NUS Singapore. His research focuses on India’s approach toward multilateral institutions and global governance. He has recently published a book titled “Does India Negotiate?”Reference:1. Hurd, I., 2011. Theorizing International Organizations. Choices and Methods in the Study of International Organizations. Journal of International Organizations Studies, 2(2), pp.7-22.2. Nachiappan, K., 2019. Does India Negotiate?. Oxford University Press.3. Sreenivasan, T.P., 2019, Modiplomacy: Through a Shakespearean Prism, Konark Publishers 4. Nachiappan, K., 2019, Redirecting Multilateralism: Will India Seize the Opportunity?, The Green Political Foundation, HBS.5. Munsi, Pallabi (2020), Why the Indian Namaste is going viral?, Ozy.Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "On India's Approach to International Organizations and Multilateralism", 1(7), 28 April 2020, URL: Research Credits:Aishani JaiswalMusic Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink:
The United States of America is sort of an enigma in world politics. From championing the liberal world order to lampooning the same, US foreign policy is faced with challenges like never before. This throws up an interesting scenario for a country like India that has seen improved relations with the US compared to in the past. And yet, Indo-US relations have encountered recent challenges that calls into question the prospects of the relationship. In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Sreeram Chaulia, Professor & Dean, Jindal School of International Affairs, O.P Jindal Global University and Kashish Parpiani, Research Fellow, Observer Research Foundation. In this engaging conversation, both experts on US foreign policy and Indo-US relations speak on a range of subjects including the changing role of US leadership, President Trump's America First Doctrine and his re-election chances, the balance of power in Asia, the recent politicisation of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on international relations.Show Notes1. Ian Hall, Book Review: Trumped: Emerging Powers in a Post-American World, Australia Institute of International Affairs. 2. Sreeram Chaulia, The post-American world is here, this is what countries must do now., The Economic Times 3. Kashish Parpiani, Trump’s gateway to offshore balancing, Observer Research Foundation.4. Sreeram Chaulia, Balancing the strategic gains made with us, Livemint.5. Kashish Parpiani, With Trump’s India visit, US-India ties go one step forward and two steps back, Observer Research Foundation. 6. Kashish Parpiani, Trump’s politicisation of COVID-19, Observer Research Foundation.  Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Role of the U.S. in a Changing World and Implications for India", 1(6), 19 April 2020, URL: Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink:
The world in 21st century is rapidly changing. New technologies are being invented every other day. New practices are being adopted to enhance productivity and efficacy. This trend is not untouched in the military domain. The emerging technologies and how military responds to make them operational is rapidly transforming how military operations are conducted around the world.We discuss these issues in this episode featuring Dr. Anit Mukherjee and Mr. Abhijnan Rej. We also explore how academia and policy-makers in India have approached to this trend.Dr. Anit Mukherjee is an Assistant Professor in the South Asia Programme at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University. He has also served as a Major in the Indian Army and has been an alumni of India’s National Defense Academy.Mr. Abhijnan Rej is a New Delhi-based researcher, analyst, and consultant. He frequently writes about international security, Indian defense and foreign policies, emerging technologies and strategy, and complexity science. He is a trained as a mathematician in the University of Connecticut and Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Bonn.Show Notes:1. Abhijnan Rej (2020), The Remaking of War, Firstpost. 2. Eliot A. Cohen (2004) Change and Transformation in Military Affairs, Journal of Strategic Studies, 27:3, 395-407, DOI: 10.1080/13623690420002839583. Grissom, A. (2006). The Future of Military Innovation Studies, Journal of Strategic Studies.4. Anit Mukherjee (2019), The Absent Dialogue, Oxford University Press. 5. Anit Mukherjee (2017), "Educating the Professional Military: Civil–Military Relations and Professional Military Education in India," Armed Forces and Society, XX(X): 1-22.Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Military Modernization in the 21st Century: Where does India Stand?", 1(5), 12 April 2020, URL: Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink:
Exploring the role of ideologies, institutions and interests in the practice of international relations and diplomacy of both India and China, this episode features Ambassador Kishan S Rana, Dr. Jabin T Jacob and Dr. Dhananjay Tripathi. Ambassador Rana is currently Professor Emeritus and a Senior Fellow at the DiploFoundation. During his distinguished Indian foreign service career, Ambassador Rana worked in China from 1963-1965 and 1970-72 and was also Ambassador and High Commissioner to Algeria, Czechoslovakia, Kenya, Mauritius, and Germany. Dr Jabin T Jacob is an Associate Professor in the Department of International Relations & Governance Studies at Shiv Nadar University. He is also Adjunct Research Fellow at the National Maritime Foundation, New Delhi and was formerly a Fellow and Assistant Director at the Institute of Chinese Studies. Dr Dhananjay Tripathi is an Assistant Professor in the Dept of International Relations at South Asian University and whose expertise lies in regionalism, border studies and the political economy of South Asia. In this discussion moderated by Dr. Tripathi, Ambassador Rana and Dr. Jacob discuss the Indian and Chinese thinking of international relations & practice of soft power diplomacy, the two countries' approaches to regional integration, the role of Indian and Chinese foreign ministries and the recent impact of COVID-19 on China's pursuit of reimagining the global order.Show Notes1. Kishan S Rana (2016), "Soft Power in an Asian context", in Naren Chitty (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Soft Power, Routledge.2. Jabin T. Jacob, “India, RCEP and the China spectre”, Money Control. 3. Kishan S Rana, “Why India needs smart diplomacy”, DiploFoundation.4. Kishan S Rana (2013), “The Contemporary Embassy: Paths to Diplomatic Excellence”, Palgrave Macmillan.5. Jabin T. Jacob, “China’s BRI & its Implications for India”, Heinrich Boell Stiftung India.6. Jabin T. Jacob, “Covid-19 pandemic: China’s propaganda machinery is in full swing”, Money Control. 7. Kishan S Rana, “Getting the whole government involved in foreign affairs”, Business Standard. Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Ideologies, Institutions & Interests: An Examination of the Indian & Chinese Experiences",1(4), 04 April 2020, URL: Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink:
In this episode, Dr Nabarun Roy, Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations at South Asian University hosts SD Muni, Professor Emeritus at the Jawaharlal Nehru University. Prof. Muni was also India’s Special Envoy to Southeast Asian countries on UN Security Council Reforms from 2005-06 and served as India’s Ambassador to Laos PDR between 1997 to 1999. In this fascinating engagement, Dr Roy finds out from Prof Muni about what ails India's Neighbourhood First Policy and the recent challenges to it. They also talk about the India-Pakistan bilateral issue in SAARC, the prospects of sub-regionalism, China's recent forays in South Asia, institutional capacity of the MEA to implement the Neighbourhood First Policy and other pertinent themes. Show Notes1. Shubhajit Roy, "Our neighbourbhood policy has to be more generous: S Jaishankar", Indian Express. 2. S. D. Muni, and C. Raja Mohan, (2004). “Emerging Asia: India’s Options.” International Studies, vol. 41, no. 3, Aug. 2004, pp. 313–333.3. S.D Muni, "Narendra Modi’s Foreign Policy: Rebuild South Asian Neighbourhood", Centre for Land Warfare Studies.4. Amit Bhandari and Chandni Jindal, "Chinese Investments in India’s Neighbourhood", Gateway House.5. Smruti S. Pattanaik (2016), "Sub-regionalism as New Regionalism in South Asia: India’s Role", Strategic Analysis, 40:3, 210-217.Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Revisiting India's Neighbourhood Policy",1(3), 29 March 2020, URL: Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink:
In this episode, Prof Rajesh Rajagopalan, Professor of International Politics, JNU is joined by Ms Ruhee Neog, Director, IPCS to discuss the academic and policy debates in the context of the India-Pakistan nuclear dynamics in recent years. They discuss a range of issues including the concepts of nuclear deterrence, brinkmanship & Robert Putnam's two-level games vis-a-vis India- Pakistan dyad. They also tackle policy questions surrounding India's No-First Use (NFU) Doctrine, the government's response following the Uri & Pulwama terror attacks and the role & influence of media in crisis escalation and management. Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Situating India-Pakistan Nuclear Debate post-Pulwama", 1(2), 22 March 2020, URL: Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: Notes1. Kevin James, "Can India or Pakistan Break Deterrence?", Amanda Foreman, "A Brief History of Brinkmanship", Robert D. Putnam, "Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games", Ruhee Neog and Hannah Haegeland, "Indian Media Plays a Crucial Role in Times of Crises With Pakistan", Dinakar Peri, "Should India tinker with its ‘No First Use’ policy?" (Interview with Prof Rajesh Rajagopalan & Dr Manpreet Sethi),
In this episode, Dr. Rajneesh Verma, Director of Research and Senior Fellow at the Intellesia Institute joins Dr. Nabarun Roy, Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations at South Asian University to speak about the field of International Relations in policy-making. Dr Verma is also an Associate Professor in the College of International Relations at China's Huaqiao University. Laying the conceptual introduction to the policy-academia divide in international relations, Dr Roy and Dr Verma discuss a range of themes including the application of theory in policy making, the current state of cross-field contribution in International Relations by looking at specific country cases like the US, Europe, China and India and the challenges ahead in order to bridge this gap. Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Decoding the Policy-Academia Divide in International Relations", 1(1), 15 March 2020, URL: Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: Notes1. Stephen M. Walt (2012), 'What role should IR scholars play in policy-making?', Foreign Policy.2. Stephen M. Walt (2009), 'The cult of irrelevance', Foreign Policy. 3. Joseph Lepgold (1998), 'Is Anyone Listening? International Relations Theory and the Problem of Policy Relevance',  Political Science Quarterly, 113(1), 43-62. doi:10.2307/2657654. Joseph S. Nye Jr. (2008), 'Bridging the Gap between Theory and Policy', Political Psychology, 29(4), 593-603.5.  Nick Taber (2018), 'How Xi Jinping is Shaping China’s Universities', The Diplomat. Dr. Verma can be reached at Dr. Roy can be reached on Twitter @NabarunRoy15 
The Bridge Project, a student-led initiative, attempts to bridge the widening gap between academia and policy making in India by offering a platform for dialogue between scholars and practitioners. In the very first season of this initiative, we invite both renowned academics and policy makers with expertise in international relations and Indian foreign policy to discuss relevant themes.Each episode will explore how the fields of academia and policy making approach a particular issue and why the disconnect between the two fields continue to persist. Through such a series of conversations, we look to utilise the domain expertise of both academics and policy makers to help bridge the gap and find common ground on a range of issues.Do follow us on our Facebook page 'The Bridge Project' and on Twitter @Project2Bridge for the latest updates.Join us on this initiative, help spread the word and let's bridge that gap! 
Shownotes1. Amulya Gopalkrishnan, (2020) "Why public space isn't public unless women feel free",  Times of India2. Laura Bliss, (2014) "The Lack of Equal Bathroom Access for Women Is a Global Design Flaw",  Bloomberg3. Phadke, S., Khan, S., Ranade,S., (2016)"Give women equal access to public spaces", The Hindu4. Menon, N., (2017), "Seeing like a Feminist", Zubaan Books5. Phadke, S., Khan, S., Ranade,S., (2011), "Why Loiter: Women and Risk in Mumbai", VikingAttribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Reclaiming Public Spaces " (9.0), 18 Oct, 2020, URL:  Research Credits:Navya Khanna and Prarthana Puthran (Hosts)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback!
In the latest episode of The Bridge Project, Shekhar Narsimhan offers his take on the upcoming U.S Presidential elections and what it means for the future of America. Narsimhan is the Chairman and Founder of AAPI Victory Fund, an organisation that focuses on mobilizing eligible voters from the Asian American and Pacific Islanders communities and moving them to the ballot box. Narsimhan speaks on a range of issues including the latest on the debate performances of U.S President Donald Trump and Democratic Nominee Joe Biden, the significance of the recent Vice-Presidential Debate, the impact of voting-by-mail, the possibility of violence in the aftermath of the elections and the key issues that matter to the Indian American community. This episode was co-hosted by Rajesh Mehta, an International Consultant & Columnist and Carl Jaison, Co-Founder, The Bridge Project. Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Exclusive Interaction with Shekhar Narasimhan, Chairman & Founder, AAPI Victory Fund" (8.0), 08 October, 2020, URL:  Research Credits:Carl Jaison & Rajesh Mehta (hosts)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback!
Today, the U.S is India’s largest trade partner, with close to $150 billion in two-way trade between the democracies. More than two decades ago, it was just $11 billion. Indo-US defence trade, on the other hand, has risen from close to zero in 2008 to $18 billion today with an array of strategic agreements signed & greater convergence of strategic interests realised than during any other point in their otherwise contentious history. Further, U.S investments add up to around $28 billion in India along with the slew of American firms that hire India’s technical workforce. Even Indian firms have invested around $18 billion to go with its much-celebrated IT outsourcing services. On the cultural front, Indian-Americans now make up the largest PIO community anywhere in the world with estimates showing around 4 million live in the U.S at present. Additionally, the diaspora community is also one of the wealthiest sub-groups by income, a testament both to their relative success and the hallowed tenet of the American Dream. Exploring these three pillars – of politics, business and diaspora- this episode seeks to understand the changes and continuities in Indo-US relations over the years, especially with the next U.S Presidential elections just round the corner and what it portends for the relationship between the two countries in the coming years. This makes the India-U.S relationship, certainly, one for the ages.In this episode, we are joined by Arun M Kumar, Chairman and CEO, KPMG India; Sanjeev Joshipura, Executive Director, Indiaspora and Rajesh Mehta, an International Consultant and Columnist. References1. Indian Americans Vote 2020 Voter Survey Results, Joint Report by Indiaspora and AAPI Data, 15 September 20202. Indian Roots, American Soil, A Survey of Indian Industry's Business Footprint in the United States, CII Report, Sixth Edition 20203. Megha Bahree, India Needs 'Regulatory Coherence,' U.S.-India Business Council Says, Forbes India, 10 July 20194. Kashish Parpiani, Understanding India–US trade tensions beyond trade imbalances, ORF, 05 February 20205. Manjeet Kripalani and Michael Mandel, A New World for India and the United States, Gateway House, 30 July 2020Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Future of US-India Relations: Business, Politics and Diaspora" (7.0), 24 Sept, 2020, URL: Research Credits:Carl Jaison (host), Research (Mukul Bhatia and Raunaq Puri)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback!
In this podcast, The Bridge Project in association with The Peacebuilding Project, attempts to not just get a better understanding of complex issues related to peace and conflict studies but also understand the work of researchers and practitioners who contribute to this discipline. We are joined by Rhea Mahanta, Founder & President, The Peacebuilding Project & Civil Affairs Officer, United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and Dr. Rityusha Tiwary, Assistant Professor, University of Delhi & Visiting Fellow, Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi. Why do they research on these issues? Are there different approaches to peace? What is the role of multiple identities in a conflict? Tune in to get answers to these questions.Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Peace and Conflict Resolution" (6.0), 20 Sept, 2020, URL: Research Credits:Navya Khanna Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback!
In the third episode of this series, we talk about Pakistan’s strategy of sub-conventional warfare and India's likely response options. We are joined by Pranay Kotasthane, who is Faculty & Head of Research, Takshashila Institution and co-hosts the Hindi podcast Puliyabaazi.You can follow Pranay Kotasthane on Twitter here: @pranaykotasRecommendations:1. B. Raman, The Kaoboys of R&AW: Down Memory Lane, Lancer2. Husain Haqqani, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace3. Ayesha Siddiqa, Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan's Military Economy, Pluto Press4. T.C.A Raghavan, The People Next Door: The Curious History of India-Pakistan Relations, HarperCollins5. Tilak Devasher, Pakistan: Courting the Abyss, HarperCollinsAttribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Pakistan's Sub-Conventional Warfare and India's Options" (5.3), 13 Sept, 2020, URL: Research Credits:Prateek Joshi (Host), Aishani Jaiswal (Host)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback! 
Afghanistan has been mired in conflict for over 40 years. In February of this year, the signing of the agreement between the US and Taliban marked a milestone in America’s longest war. However, at present, as the US presence in the country is dwindling, Indian foreign policy in Afghanistan stands at a cross-road. Fear of losing in ‘the Great Game’ has led some to suggest opening a dialogue with the Taliban. Others have pointed out that talking to the Taliban will not serve any purpose since the group is closely tied to Pakistan and still maintains its linkages with the terrorist organisations. In this background, it becomes imperative to discuss the emerging scenario in Afghanistan and what the policy options are likely to be for India after the withdrawal of the US troops from the country.In the second episode of The Bridge Project Exclusives on “India's National Security Challenges”, we talk about Afghanistan’s peace process and India’s role. We are extremely privileged to have with us Amar Sinha, a member of the National Security Advisory Board and former Ambassador to Afghanistan and Dr. Avinash Paliwal, who is a Senior Lecturer and the Deputy Director of South Asia Institute at SOAS.In this episode, they discuss the implications of the global war on terror in Afghanistan, the ongoing peace process, Taliban 2.0, India’s policy options, and the role of regional countries.References1. Avinash Paliwal, "India must support its allies in Kabul", The Hindustan Times, 24 February, 20202. Interview, "India must not give Taliban legitimacy until it joins intra-Afghan talks, says former envoy Amar Sinha", The Hindu, 17 May, 20203. Book by Avinash Paliwal, "My Enemy's Enemy: India in Afghanistan from the Soviet Invasion to the US Withdrawal", Harper Collins.4. C. Raja Mohan, "As it ponders talks with Taliban, Delhi should focus on complex geopolitics of the Pashtun lands", The Indian Express, 26 May, 20205. Davood Moradian, "India should play an active role in articulating and promoting a peace process in Afghanistan", The Indian Express, 27 June, 2020Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Afghanistan's Peace Process and India's Role" (5.2), 06 Sept, 2020, URL: Credits:Dr Yatharth Kachiar (Host), Navya Khanna (Host)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback! 
The China-Pakistan strategic relationship has been one of the most enduring ones in world politics, often times leading to consequences for India’s foreign policy. Take, for example, the numerous cases of China’s repeated attempts to support Pakistan in international forums against India’s interests. Beijing and Islamabad also jointly coordinate their military and defence strategies. Do the recent border clashes between India & China and the continuing cross-border tensions with Pakistan reveal anything about the China-Pakistan factor in India’s strategic calculations?In the first episode of this series, we talk about the China-Pakistan nexus and its implications for India. We are joined by Dr. Ashok K. Behuria, who is a Senior Fellow and Coordinator of the South Asia Centre at Manohar Parrikar Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses and Andrew Small, who is a Senior TransAtlantic Fellow with the Asia program at the German Marshall Fund of the United States and a Non-Resident senior policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations. I’m Prarthana Puthran, and along with Vignesh, Co-Founder of The Bridge Project, we talk to Dr. Ashok K. Behuria and Andrew Small about the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, strategic military coordination, growing nuclear alliance between the two countries and its implications for India.Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "China-Pakistan Nexus and its Implications for India" (5.1), 30 Aug 2020, URL: Credits:Vignesh P (Host), Prarthana Puthran (Host) and Prateek Joshi (Research)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback! 
Episode 3: Climate Change & MultilateralismIn the COP 25 Summit, consensus emerged that sustainable economic growth cannot exist without a healthy environment and our encroachment upon the environment, erodes our ability to grow. This is a significant debate in the world of economics which concerns itself with boosting levels of productivity by reducing costs and minimizing wastages. At a time when unilateralism and populism are rising around the globe, the fact that the nations of the world need to and can come together to cope with climate change proves that multilateralism remains a trend of the times.In the third episode of The Bridge Project Exclusives in collaboration with Kubernein Initiative, we talk about Climate Change & Multilateralism. We are joined by Navroz K Dubash, Professor at The Centre for Policy Research (CPR) who works on climate change policy and governance, the political economy of energy and water, and the regulatory state in the developing world and Dr Dhanasree Jayaram, Professor, Department of Geopolitics & Co-Coordinator at the Centre for Climate Studies in Manipal Academy of Higher Education. You can follow them on Twitter @NavrozDubash & @dhanasreejIn this episode we discuss with Prof Dubash & Dr Jayaram about India’s role in the climate debate, need for a multilateral response, climate financing and climate politics.References1. Navroz K. Dubash, "Imagining a different, better future", Hindustan Times, 26 March, 20202. Dhanasree Jayaram, "What the COVID-19 Crisis Means for ‘Security’ and ‘Global Governance’: Lessons from the Climate Crisis", Indrastra, 25 March, 20203. Christiana Figueres, "Climate Change: Why We Need a Multilateral Solution" S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies", United Nations Climate Change, 18 October, 20124. Nitin Sreedhar, "Interview with Prof Dubash: ‘Climate action focus needs to be at the national level’, LiveMint, 04 January, 20205. Arunabha Ghosh, "India needs a plan for extreme weather caused by climate change", Nikkei Asian Review, 27 June, 2020Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Climate Change and Multilateralism", Exclusives in Collaboration with Kubernein Initiative (4.3), 23 Aug 2020, URL: Research Credits:Ambika Vishwanath (Host), Mahima Kaur Bajaj (Host) & Tanya Rana (Research)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback! 
Episode 2: Water Management & DiplomacySouth Asia has a paucity of data and information both within nations and across borders in the area of water resources, rivers and glaciers. Greater investment in information and analysis could aid in better-coordinated policy making. How do we better manage our rivers in India to reduce the negative impact of uncertainties in the climate and why do we need to bring water into the conversation of broader policy making? Dr Mirza Rahman and Ambika Vishwanath discuss this and much more in the second episode of The Bridge Project Exclusives series in collaboration with Kubernein Initiative on 'Non-Traditional Security Challenges for South Asia'.Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman is a Visiting Research Associate at the Institute of Chinese Studies (ICS) and holds a PhD in Development Studies from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Guwahati. His research specialization is on border studies in Northeast India and transboundary water sharing and management issues between China, India and Bangladesh.Ambika is the Co-Founder of Kubernein Initiative and is a geopolitical analyst and water security specialist with over 13 years of experience in the field of governance and foreign policy. She has led track two diplomacy efforts and consulted with several governments and international organizations in the MENA region, Europe and India, and helped shape their policies in the field of conflict resolution, water diplomacy and security. In this episode, the two water security experts discuss the need for more water diplomacy and cooperation on shared resources in South Asia and what that might look like in the future. References1. Ambika Vishwanath, Tensions with China-Pakistan can derail fragile water treaties, but India won’t talk about it, The Print, 06 July, 2020 2. Ananth Krishnan, Study on China dams brings the Brahmaputra into focus, The Hindu, 29 April, 2020 3. Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman, What counts as a catastrophic flood in the Brahmaputra river basin now?, Scroll, 29 July, 20204. Ambika Vishwanath & Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman, Handwashing in water-stressed countries major challenge in fight against Covid-19, The Third Pole, 23 March, 2020Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Water Management and Diplomacy", Exclusives in Collaboration with Kubernein Initiative (4.2), 16 Aug 2020, URL: Research Credits:Ambika Vishwanath (Host) Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink: to us at with your generous feedback! 
In this third episode of AI series, we explore the political economy perspective on AI. We explore the impact of AI on changing nature of jobs and the ownership of data. Will an  evolving factors of production induce a direct worker ownership of AI technologies? How will the state capacity increase to admit the usages of AI and related insights. Bringing these perspectives is a very well experienced scholar who has been an AI scientist himself and now working on policy questions- Dr. Anupam Guha.Dr. Guha is faculty at Center for Policy Studies in the Indian Institute of Technology- Bombay. (IIT-B). His research interests are in AI related policy questions and the larger impact on the political economy .Listen in for a thought provoking and enthralling round of discussion.Attribution:The Bridge Project (2020), "Artificial Intelligence:A Political Economy Perspective ", Exclusives (3.3), 02 Aug 2020, URL: Research Credits:Mukul Bhatia (Host), Raunaq Puri (Research Assistant)Music Credits:Inspired by Kevin MacLeodLink:
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