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Scientific Sense ®

Scientific Sense ®

Author: Gill Eapen

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Scientific Sense ® is a daily podcast focused on Science and Economics. We talk with the world's leading academics about their research and emerging ideas in a variety of domains. The conversation is unstructured and unscripted. The host, Gill Eapen, has over 30 years of experience in various areas in Economics, Science, Technology, and Business. Decision Options ®, the firm he founded in 2001, is a leader in AI applications for decisionmaking. Mr. Eapen is the author of two textbooks and a paperback.
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138 Episodes
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Exoplanets: the history, exploration techniques and demographics. Habitable and free floating planets, and is there anybody out there? Prof. Scott Gaudi is a Professor of Astronomy at Ohio State University. His research focuses on developing and applying ways of searching for planets around other stars, and he has been involved with the discovery of nearly two dozen extrasolar planets to date. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Making lasting memories: Remembering the significant, Consolidating Memories, and Highly Superior Autobiographical Memory Prof. James McGaugh is Emeritus Professor of Neurobiology and Behavior at University of California, Irvine. He is also fellow of the Center for the Neurobiology of Learning & Memory --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Gravitational Waves, Black hole mergers, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and upcoming space based LISA project. Prof Daniel Holz is a professor of Physics, Astronomy & Astrophysics at the University of Chicago, the Enrico Fermi Institute, and the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics. His research focuses on general relativity in the context of astrophysics and cosmology. He is a member of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) collaboration, and was part of the team that announced the first detection of gravitational waves in early 2016 and the first multi-messenger detection of a binary neutron star in 2017. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Liking, Wanting, and the Incentive-Sensitization Theory of Addiction,  A Liking Versus Wanting Perspective on Emotion and the Brain, and The central amygdala recruits mesocorticolimbic circuitry for pursuit of reward or pain Prof. Kent Berridge is a Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Michigan.  His research aims for answers to questions such as:   What causes addiction?  How are pleasure and desire generated in the brain?    And how does fear relate to desire in the brain? --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Reducing black holes into a fundamental particle, An Effective Field Theory of Quantum Mechanical Black Hole Horizons, Virtual Hawking Radiation, Gravity waves, and LIGO Prof. Ira Rothstein is a professor of Physics at Carnegie Mellon University. He is interested in diverse topics in elementary particle physics, gravity wave physics, astrophysics/cosmology, and QCD. In the realm of high energy physics, he uses the data from the LHC to explain the origin of mass and the nature of dark matter. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
21st Century Literacy for Succeeding in College and Beyond, Teaching the Nature of Science using Pseudoscience, The accountability of and on the social media. Prof. Doug Duncan is an emeritus faculty member in the Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences of the University of Colorado, and former Director of Fiske Planetarium, Before that he was a Carnegie Fellow; on the staff of the Hubble Space Telescope; and held a joint appointment between the Adler Planetarium and the University of Chicago. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Habitable Zones, Remote life-detection criteria, habitable zone boundaries, and the frequency of Earth-like planets around M and late K stars, and  Abiotic Oxygen Levels on Planets: Possible False Positive For Life? Prof. James Kasting is a Professor at Penn State University, where he holds joint appointments in the Departments of Geosciences and in Meteorology and Atmospheric Science. His research focuses on the evolution of planetary atmospheres and climates and on the question of whether life might exist on planets around other stars. In 2018, he was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences. His book, How to Find a Habitable Planet (Princeton University Press), was published in 2010. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The Occurrence and Architecture of Exoplanetary Systems, Doppler and Transit Surveys, Kepler-78, Ultra-Short-Period Planets, and hot Jupiters Dr. Josh Winn is a physicist and astronomer at Princeton University.  His research goals are to explore the properties of planets around other stars, understand how planets form and evolve, and make progress on the age-old question of whether there are other planets capable of supporting life.  His group uses optical telescopes to study exoplanetary systems, especially those in which the star and planet eclipse one another. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The complex development of the human brain, Interneuron Types as Attractors and Controllers, Developmental diversification of cortical inhibitory interneurons, and A viral strategy for targeting and manipulating interneurons across vertebrate species Prof. Gordon Fishell is a professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School and the Stanley Center at the Broad Institute.  He is a developmental neurobiologist interested in how the architecture of brain circuits are assembled, with a special focus on the diverse populations of inhibitory interneurons. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Red giant masses and ages derived from carbon and nitrogen abundances, Spectroscopic determination of masses for red giants, Young alpha-enriched giant stars in the solar neighborhood, and Dynamical heating across the Milky Way disc. Prof. Marc Pinsonneault is a theorist on the structure and evolution of stars at Ohio State University. His research interests range from the microphysics of stellar models, including composition, energy, and angular momentum transport mechanisms, to the observed properties of stars. An element of his current research is the use of astroseismological data from the Kepler space mission, in combination with APOGEE and other spectroscopic surveys, to obtain novel constraints on stellar physics, stellar populations, and the chemical evolution of the Milky Way. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The world is running out of energy in 100 years, Large-Scale Computation using Astronomical Resources, and the future of Artificial Intelligence. Prof. Gregory Laughlin is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Yale University. He is interested in hydrodynamic simulations, the characterization of extrasolar planets, and planet-forming environments as well as the far future of the universe. He has done research on a variety of topics, including star formation, extrasolar planets, and interstellar objects. With Fred Adams, he is the author of The Five Ages of the Universe --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The New Horizons Mission to Pluto, the Juno Mission to Jupiter: What have we learned and what's in store? Prof. Fran Bagenal is a Professor of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder and a researcher in the fields of space plasmas and planetary magnetospheres. Her career spans involvement in the exploration of the outer solar system with NASA’s Voyager, Galileo, New Horizons, and Juno missions. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Bayesian analysis of the astrobiological implications of life’s early emergence on Earth,  A Possible Spectroscopic Biosignature of Extraterrestrial Plants, and Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability Prof. Edwin Turner is a Professor of Astrophysical Sciences at Princeton University. He also serves as Co-Chair of the NAOJ-Princeton Astrophysics Collaboration Council (N-PACC). He has carried out extensive astronomical observations at Mt. Palomar Observatory, Kitt Peak National Observatory, NRAO's Very Large Array, Apache Point Observatory, the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan’s Subaru Telescope, and with the Hubble Space Telescope. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Algorithms and Artificial Intelligence,  definitions, origin, progress, problems, and the future. Dr. Chris Bleakley is an Associate Professor and Head of the School of Computer Science at University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland. Chris leads a research group focused on inventing novel algorithms for analyzing real-world sensor data. His latest book ‘Poems that Solve Puzzles: The History and Science of Algorithms tell the story of how algorithms came to revolutionize our modern computerized world. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Qatar, a great field experiment in understanding factors affecting COVID incidence rates, mortality, herd immunity, testing, reinfection, and vaccination and forming policies for the future. Laith Abu-Raddad is a Professor of Population Health Sciences at Cornell University in Qatar. He is also the director of the WHO Collaborating Center for Disease Analytics on HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis. Previously he held academic and research positions at the University of Washington, Imperial College London, and Osaka University. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Phage Therapy: A Renewed Approach to Combat Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, Prisoner's dilemma in an RNA virus, Virus population extinction via ecological traps, and Dynamics of molecular evolution in RNA virus populations depend on sudden versus gradual environmental change Prof. Paul Turner is a Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University and a Microbiology faculty member at Yale School of Medicine. He studies evolutionary genetics of viruses, particularly phages that infect bacterial pathogens, and RNA viruses transmitted by arthropods. Paul’s honors include Fellowship in the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and American Academy of Microbiology. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Love, Money, and Parenting: How economics can help explain how we raise our kids today, Women's Employment in a Pandemic Recession, and Why has the college wage premium risen rapidly in the US, but not in European economies such as Germany? Prof. Matthias Doepke is a Research Professor in the Department of Economics at Northwestern University. His research spans many areas including parenting, inequality, and their economic effects on society. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
The history, puzzles, and miracles of Quantum Mechanics Prof. Michel Janssen is a Professor, Program in the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine & School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota. Books on the subject are below: Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen, Constructing Quantum Mechanics. Vol. 1. The Scaffold, 1900–1923. Vol. 2. The Arch, 1923–1927. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Vol. 1 (2019), Vol. 2 (expected Fall 2022).    Michael Janas, Michael E. Cuffaro and Michel Janssen, Understanding Quantum Raffles. Quantum Mechanics on an Information-Theoretic Approach: Structure and Interpretation. Berlin: Springer (expected Spring 2021). Jeffrey Bub, Bananaworld. Quantum Mechanics for Primates. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016 (slightly revised paperback edition: 2018). Tanya Bub and Jeffrey Bub, Totally Random. Why Nobody Understands Quantum Mechanics. A Serious Comic on Entanglement. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
In silico experiments of cytokine-directed clinical trials using agent-based modeling, Examining sepsis using genetic algorithms on an agent-based model, The Crisis of Reproducibility, and the Scientific Role of Multi-scale Modeling Prof. Gary An is a Professor of Surgery and Vice-Chair of Surgical Research at the University of Vermont. He specializes in trauma and surgical critical care. His research interests include computational biology, mathematical modeling, and computer simulation, and translational systems biology. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
Strategic Plan for U.S. Particle Physics in the Global Context, Dark Energy Survey, Cosmological Constraints from Galaxy Clustering and Weak Lensing Prof. Scott Dodelson is a professor of Physics at Carnegie Melon University. He serves as co-chair of the Science Committee for the Dark Energy Survey and is actively involved in the LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration, and work with data from the South Pole Telescope. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/scientificsense/support
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