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Podcasts featuring news, illuminating discussion and insightful commentary from the editorial team at CoinDesk.com.

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Technologies such as blockchain, cryptocurrency, decentralized finance and artificial intelligence have expanded the professional financial landscape. Advisers serve the financial ecosystem and the world by creating a better understanding of financial concepts, technologies and behaviors. In order to do this, financial advisers must learn more about the digital asset space including not only bitcoin but DeFi, blockchain, stablecoins, crypto investment and much more. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.In this episode of “On Purpose,” host Tyrone Ross speaks with Adam Blumberg, Certified Financial Planner and co-founder of Interaxis, a research company that educates financial advisers, investors, businesses and professionals. Blumberg discusses the importance of education in the digital asset space and how his company, Interaxis, is changing the financial landscape one adviser at a time. Ross and Blumberg announce that OnRamp Invest is sponsoring the Interaxis Academy’s “Cohort” special crypto investment education program coming May 17 and OnRamp is offering 20 seats to available RIAs. For more information go to www.onrampinvest.com or on Twitter @onrampinvest.Interested in being a certified digital asset adviser go directly to www.certifieddigital.orgAdam Blumberg  is a CFP and co-founder of Interaxis, a research, technology company. He is the Board chairman and lead curriculum developer.Tyrone Ross is the CEO of OnRamp Invest, founder of 401STC, a storytelling consultancy; a graduate of Seton Hall University, and rated one of the top 10 advisers of 2019 set to change the industry by Wealthmanagement.com. A message from Tyrone:The greatest number of people living in poverty are children, we need to change that. If you can, get involved and give back to NoKidHungry.org. Love and Light. I appreciate you!-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io.-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.
This week, “Opinionated” co-hosts Ben Schiller, Anna Baydakova and Danny Nelson are talking to Christopher Giancarlo, former chairman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, and David Treat, senior managing director at Accenture, the co-founders of the Digital Dollar Project .This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io, and The Sun Exchange.The Digital Dollar Project recently announced plans for a slew of pilot projects that will show what the tokenized U.S. dollar can and can’t do. It’s not clear yet exactly what those pilots will be.The global race for leadership in central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) started with China charging forward with its digital yuan project and all other nations rushing to catch up. Giancarlo believes the U.S. shouldn’t miss a chance to set the standards for CBDCs globally. But is it enough to issue another CBDC to stop the digital yuan’s expansion?Another important concern regarding CBDCs is privacy. Giancarlo and Treat believe the U.S. government will ensure the privacy of citizens’ transactions, in keeping with the Constitution’s Fourth Amendment. But what if the government is not the best guardian of personal information? We discuss the privacy concerns of CBDCs at length during this episode.Finally, who needs CBDCs if we already have dollar-pegged stablecoins, some of which are regularly audited and regulated by the U.S.? Giancarlo does not fully trust the stablecoin issuers on the market now: “Who is the holder of a reserve bank account? What if the holder of that account absconds with the money?” he asked.We discuss central bank digital currencies, and ask if we need this new form of money and how they will compete and integrate with private-sector initiatives, including USD-backed stablecoins.Find Christopher Giancarlo and David Treat on Twitter: @giancarloMKTS and @DBTreat.-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io.-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.Image credit:kertlis/iStock/Getty Images Plus, modified by CoinDesk
If you were to describe what crypto represents in its entirety, either to the insiders who are obsessed with it or to the “normies” looking on with wonder from the outside, you might focus on technical issues related to immutability, censorship resistance, smart contracts, decentralized exchanges and so forth. Or you might use the language of finance and “asset classes” to talk about bitcoin as “digital gold” or ether as a commodity token that runs a decentralized network.This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.But to capture the full picture, you’d also need to deal with all the strange, sometimes obscure, sometimes crude, occasionally funny memes that constantly course through Twitter and work their way into the crypto lexicon. That’s important, not only because memes are integral to the crypto experience on their own, but because they are also driving some of the shifting ideas around money and finance generally. This, after all, is the era of SPACs, “stonks” and meme shares that rise because Reddit groups like WallStreetBets manage to bring the power and collective will of the mob to markets.In many respects, that traditional world of finance is only catching up with crypto. Dogecoin, the ultimate meme token, might be hitting headlines now with its latest spectacular price rally as it is following on the heels of the WallStreetBets GameStop phenomenon. But dogecoin really precedes it, having been around since December 2013. You could argue that dogecoin is the original stonk. This episode makes the case that if you’re going to try to understand how money is being reimagined in the new era, you need to go beyond the technology and the market dynamics and address the confusing cacophony of memes that drive the narratives around crypto. To do that we were joined by two people who’ve inserted themselves into this grand, collective storytelling exercise with more influence than almost anyone. We talk to Nathaniel Whittemore, host of CoinDesk’s “Breakdown” podcast, and Coin Center’s Neeraj Agrawal, to discuss the importance of all this to both the outside world and the strange but fascinating subculture that has formed around the crypto community.-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io.-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.Image credit:peterschreibermedia/iStock/Getty Images Plus, modified by CoinDesk
In this week’s episode, CoinDesk’s Christine Kim and Consensys’ Ben Edgington discuss the future of validator rewards post-merge to proof-of-stake (PoS) and the significance of the Steklo test network launch. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.Currently, if you’re staking on Ethereum 2.0, Ethereum’s parallel PoS network, your operations are earning you a roughly 8% annual percentage return (APR). But once Ethereum and Ethereum 2.0 merge, validators stand to earn more than triple this amount. “It looks like around 25% per annum is the expected initial total annual return for [validators]. So on your 32 ether, you’ll be earning about eight ether per year, on average,” said Edgington. The reason why is because a merge to Eth 2.0 will mean all transactions and smart-contract operations on Ethereum are processed by validators instead of Ethereum miners. This means validators will begin earning extra rewards from users and decentralized applications (dapps) in the form of transaction fees. Prominent Ethereum community members such as Ethereum Foundation’s Tim Beiko and Trenton Van Epps have cautioned miners about planning operations beyond the end of 2021. “To all Ethereum miners: Plan conservatively for an end to mining EOY 2021,” said Van Epps in a tweet. Testing is ongoing for Ethereum’s merge to PoS. Last Friday, April 30, developers launched the first multi-client test network for this upgrade, dubbed “Steklo.” Steklo “was only up for a day. That was pre-planned. It wasn’t supposed to be a test network that would be up and running for weeks a time,” said Kim. For the few hours it was functional, Steklo faced a number of issues and errors. For the complete commentary on the troubles the network faced and what developers learned from their first major attempt at modelling the merge of Ethereum and Eth 2.0, listen to the full podcast episode with Edgington and Kim. Links mentioned in this podcast: What’s New In Eth2 (www.eth2.news)   Valid Points (https://www.coindesk.com/newsletter/valid-points)   -InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io.-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.
For the first time ever, financial advisers are at a disadvantage. That is because their clients may know more about bitcoin and crypto assets than they do.This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.In such a competitive and novel market, financial advisers must stay informed. With the volatility of bitcoin, financial advisers can look at data for answers, and so they should truly appreciate “Riskalyze” technology, which is a financial risk rate platform that every adviser should use to help their clients.In this episode of “On Purpose,” host Tyrone Ross speaks with Aaron Klein, the CEO of Riskalyze. Klein, addresses the ‘pressure shift’ against advisors from institutional to client base through crypto currency as an asset class. Riskalyze is a financial risk rate platform that every financial adviser has or should have heard of and would benefit from.Ross and Klein discuss the future of financial planning and the importance of using such technology to present the pros and cons of crypto investments. Advisers not only need information, but they also need to be their client’s superhero. Financial advisers have the power to make a difference in the future of money and what investments will yield as a result. That is priceless, and financial advisers must employ the newest technology to get the best possible outcomes for their clients.Aaron Klein is the co-founder and CEO at Riskalyze. He led the company to twice being named one of the world’s top 10 most innovative companies in finance by Fast Company Magazine. Aaron has served as a trustee at Sierra College, and Investment News has honored him as one of the industry’s top 40 Under 40 executives.Tyrone Ross is the CEO of OnRamp Invest, founder of 401STC, a storytelling consultancy. He is a graduate of Seton Hall University, and was named a Top 10 Adviser of 2019 set to change the industry by Wealthmanagement.com A message from Tyrone:The greatest number of people living in poverty are children, we need to change that. If you can, get involved and give back to NoKidHungry.org. Love and Light. I appreciate you!-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io.-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.
This week, “Opinionated” co-hosts Ben Schiller, Anna Baydakova and Danny Nelson are talking to Nik Bhatia, an Adjunct Professor of Finance and Business Economics at the University of Southern California Marshall School of Business. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.His book, "Layered Money: From Gold and Dollars to Bitcoin and Central Bank Digital Currencies" is freshly in print this year, and Nik has plenty of bold and controversial ideas to share. Nik recently wrote two thought-provoking op-eds for CoinDesk about the future of bitcoin. One of them, “Why $1 Million Bitcoin Is Coming” is a projection of forces affecting bitcoin’s upcoming growth. In particular, Nik believes MicroStrategy’s and Tesla’s bitcoin purchases resulted in big increases in bitcoin’s price – increases that he sees continuing as new companies and even central banks start buying in. If we expected more big enterprises to join the party, are we looking at $1 million bitcoin? Or is it too bullish? Nik guided us through his journey of understanding bitcoin and why he thinks it will be a base layer to the future financial system.Bitcoin’s volatility is not going anywhere in the future, Nik believes. But that shouldn’t stop traditional asset managers from buying it, because they are buying a share in the world’s financial future. And in this future, the national currencies might become central bank digital currencies (CBDC), and bitcoin will be a global standard to weigh against those national We discuss these and more bold ideas, how people should invest in bitcoin and how the world will treat bitcoin in the years to come. Enjoy the conversation and definitely check out Nik’s pieces, “Why $1 Million Bitcoin Is Coming” and “Asset Managers, Owning Bitcoin Is Now Your Fiduciary Duty.”Nik Bhatia’s Twitter handle is: @timevalueofbtc.-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io.-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.-Image credit: Gesrey/iStock/Getty Images Plus
In what has become a de facto world tour of crypto hot spots, this week “Money Reimagined” is headed to Nigeria.This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.We talked to two Nigerian entrepreneurs – Yele Bademosi, the CEO of payments app Bundle Africa, and Adia Sowho, a venture builder and operator – about the burgeoning crypto innovation ecosystem in their country. Among this entertaining pair’s many insights was the idea the Nigerian Central Bank’s February order that banks shut down crypto companies’ access ended up being a positive for the industry. It spurred even more innovation in the space, inspiring local developers to dream up interesting new decentralized solutions for getting around the banking sector’s gatekeepers.The idea dovetails with some we’ve heard from other guests – from Democracy Earth’s Santiago Siri, for example, who spoke of how the startup scene in his native Argentina is shaped and driven by the failure of the existing financial system and the efforts by authorities there to constrain people’s financial freedom. It shows how the crypto world has fostered a new breed of developer-entrepreneur, one who no longer wants to work to change the existing system but is inspired to build entire new alternatives to it. We also learned from Bademosi and Sowho that the narratives the crypto community in the industrialized world tend to embrace about the technology’s value in the developing world are often misplaced. It’s convenient for people in the U.S. to talk up the idea that Nigerian activists were using bitcoin during the anti-government protests last year or that it is being used widely as a remittance and payments vehicle. But our guests point out those use cases aren’t as widespread as believed and that, much like in the U.S, most Nigerians are for now buying bitcoin as a store of value. On the other hand, they tell us Nigeria specifically – and Africa generally – is a hotbed of innovation in DeFi. And why not? The opportunities for experimentation and creativity for decentralized finance are arguably much greater in places where the existing financial system is underdeveloped. -InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io. -The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.Image credit: Fela Sanu/iStock/Getty Images Plus
In this week’s episode, CoinDesk’s Christine Kim and Consensys’ Ben Edgington talk about what caused 70% of validators on Ethereum 2.0 to stop producing blocks on the network and the important takeaways for protocol developers in light of this event. They also discuss the updated roadmap for the Eth 2.0 upgrade as outlined by Vitalik Buterin in a recent presentation. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.Last Friday, April 23, founder of Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin, gave a presentation at the Scaling Ethereum Summit on the upgrades he expects to come after the network’s transition to a new, environmentally friendly proof-of-stake (PoS) protocol. “The first set of things here is a lot of security improvements, some economic sustainability improvements and some features,” said Buterin at the event. “The far future is just about really nailing down and improving and having extremely strong guarantees about the security of the system.”Buterin detailed a number of different upgrades after PoS including sharding, rollups, verifiable delay functions, Ethereum Virtual Machine improvements and more. To Kim, the main takeaway from the presentation was not the individual upgrades and their technicalities, but the sheer breadth of work still to be done on the protocol even after its long-awaited merge with the Eth 2.0 network. “When are we going to get to the end here? ... There seems to be a lot more that we’re going to have to continue to talk about when it comes to Ethereum finally reaching its production ready, world computer phase,” said Kim. To this, Edgington noted the vision outlined by Buterin was indeed ambitious and big but that he was in full support of such a roadmap. “I love this idea that we just keep on growing and evolving. It keeps me engaged. There are lots of very interesting problems to solve,” said Edgington. Speaking of a problem, the Ethereum 2.0 network had its first major incident on April 24 after 70% of validators on the network were suddenly unable to produce blocks. Developers quickly identified the root cause of the issue was from a bug in the Eth 2.0 software client, Prym. A patch was rolled out to affected validators the same day. The issue still persisted through till Sunday, however, for certain validators who hadn’t upgraded to the latest version of Prysm. The important lesson, according to Edgington, is for validators, staking pools and developers to be more proactive about client diversity on Ethereum 2.0. “Here’s an example where the network would have been much more robust if each of the four clients had 25% of validators each. In that case, you’d only be missing a quarter of the blocks if this had happened and the network would have been more or less fine,” said Edgington. “But when one client dominates and that client has a problem, it’s really serious for the whole network.”Catch the full breakdown of how developers are responding to Saturday’s incident by listening to the entire podcast episode of Mapping Out Ethereum 2.0 hosted by Edgington and Kim. Links mentioned in this podcast: What’s New In Eth2 (www.eth2.news)   Valid Points (https://www.coindesk.com/newsletter/valid-points)   ‘What Happens After the Merge’ Presentation by Vitalik Buterin (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ggwLccuN5s) -InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io.-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.
It is imperative financial advisers continue to cultivate their command of knowledge within the cryptocurrency world.  Creating an RIA (Registered Investment Advisor) community to facilitate the erudite discussions that knowledgeable investors practice daily is important and will only yield success for those they guide. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.In this episode of “On Purpose,” host Tyrone Ross  chats with one of his own OnRamp Invest family: Catlin Cook who is head of community and a new Research Associate at OnRamp Invest.Cook and the OnRamp Invest family offer financial advisers guidance to continue to build their RIA community and maintain a current level of education within the cryptocurrency world. In this volatile bitcoin age, it has become crucial for advisers to nurture their expertise in bitcoin investment.As a financial analyst and seasoned consultant within the cryptocurrency world, Cook has made a name for herself by proactively building a Twitter community with the most successful and dynamic leaders in the industry. She starts by providing essential education and even defining key terms that many newbies to the industry overlook, such as “What is a blockchain?” and “What is an NFT?” Just as within any industry, knowledge and pedagogy as well as building from the basics is imperative to understanding the complexities of cryptocurrency and for successful investing.Adviser skepticism about cryptocurrency is natural. “I think it is basic human nature to be skeptical about things we don’t understand, to reject new things … and we don’t like change,” says Cook. It is extremely important that financial advisers stay up to date with current information but it is also important to be open to all opinions as there is no “one size fits all.” Advisers must tailor their expertise to help clients best invest for what they need.Cooks’ strategy is to “keep it simple.'' “There is so much to learn in crypto and a vast amount of information to absorb that much of the content is overlooked,” she says.Listen.  Learn.  LEAD.OnRamp Invest is a crypto-asset iPaaS (integration platform as a service) solution for financial advisors and investment advisory firms.  Tyrone Ross is the CEO of OnRamp Invest, founder of 401STC, a storytelling consultancy; is a graduate of Seton Hall University, and the top ten adviser of 2019 set to change the industry by Wealthmanagement.com A message from Tyrone:The greatest number of people living in poverty are children, we need to change that. If you can, get involved and give back to NoKidHungry.org. Love and Light. I appreciate you!-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.
This week, we’re shaking up “Opinionated’s” format and adding two more co-hosts, Anna Baydakova and Danny Nelson. And we’re joined by another CoinDesker, our managing editor of podcasts, Adam B. Levine. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.Last week he wrote a column on the rise of dogecoin, “Dogecoin Is Not the Next Bitcoin – But Here Are the Similarities.” Dogecoin was created in 2013 on litecoin’s infrastructure, and didn’t command much attention until last year. Adam has been in crypto for ages and has seen the rise and fall of many projects. Is he seriously hopeful for DOGE’s bright future, or just trolling? In any case, on this podcast Adam, Ben, Anna and Danny are doing their best to take DOGE as seriously as they can.Adam’s point is clear: Crypto is all about consensus, and if a consensus forms around the idea that dogecoin is a good asset/digital money, why can’t it become really big and notable on the global financial scene?Dogecoin already surpassed bitcoin in investment returns over the last seven years, as Bloomberg’s Joe Weisenthal ironically (?) noted in his recent newsletter. People want predictable digital money that other people use as well. Can dogecoin become this one day? Can DOGE evolve into some kind of reliable money system not pegged to any particular state and government? Or will crypto influencers and companies like Slim Jim just have fun with it for a while and then forget about it for another eternity?Listen to Ben, Adam, Anna and Danny discuss both fun and serious things about dogecoin, all while having fun staying DOGE-poor.And check out Adam’s op-ed here: Dogecoin Is Not the Next Bitcoin – But Here Are the Similarities.Adam B Levine’s Twitter handle is @AdamBLevine.-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.-image credit: ajr_images/iStock/Getty Images Plus
With all the gyrations in crypto markets, it is easy to lose sight of why this technology has drawn so many passionate believers. In this week’s episode we go straight to that point by diving into the theme of human rights and the role that bitcoin can play as a medium for saving and spending that is free from the confiscatory powers of government – including those of authoritarian regimes. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io and The Sun Exchange.Throughout its life, communities of activists all around the world have taken to bitcoin as a tool of empowerment. Sometimes it’s because they live in places where the local currency is constantly being debased by profligate governments. Sometimes it’s because they are at risk of having property seized by the regime. Sometimes it’s because they need a way to fund dissidents’ activities.To explore all this, we speak to the Human Rights Foundation’s outspoken chief strategy officer, Alex Gladstein, on how he, a career human rights campaigner, found his way into the weird world of bitcoin. We also have the pleasure of talking to an activist in Sudan, a person who goes by Mo and the podcaster pseudonym of @SudanHODL.-InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.io-The Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.-Image credit: Phototreat/iStock/Getty Images Plus modified by CoinDesk
In this week’s episode, CoinDesk’s Christine Kim and Consensys’ Ben Edgington discuss the significance of three events: an Ethereum 2.0 milestone, an Ethereum hard fork upgrade and the public listing of a major cryptocurrency exchange. This episode is sponsored by hellointerpop.io, The Sun Exchange.Beginning with Coinbase’s direct listing on Nasdaq, Kim and Edgington consider whether this watershed moment in the cryptocurrency industry is really something to get excited about. “Bitcoin was created to be this peer-to-peer payments network, where you don’t need any financial middlemen; but here’s Coinbase. Everyone is getting so excited and happy [about] Coinbase even though it’s doing the very thing that Bitcoin was created to deal with and get rid of,” Kim said. Concerns over centralized actors overshadowing the decentralized purpose of blockchains is also relevant to Ethereum. Ethereum infrastructure provider Infura is an example of a company who has faced criticism in the past for their expanding role as the “gatekeeper” to Ethereum. “It’s an interesting spectrum and we’ve only just begun on this journey,” said Edgington. “Only a few million people have interacted with the blockchain, any blockchain, so far, and there are a few billion yet to reach. I think we need to make it as easy as possible from them to do so.” Kim and Edgington also discussed the milestone of the Ethereum proof-of-stake network, also called Ethereum 2.0, reaching its one millionth slot. A slot on Eth 2.0 is space for a block containing transactions and user data to be processed and finalized. Every 12 seconds validators, which are the equivalent of miners, can propose a block into a slot and earn rewards. “It’s just a number, but it’s a good point to take stock of where we are. [Eth 2.0] has been running for four and a half months now and it’s been totally trouble free. It’s just been incredible,” said Edgington. Finally, the two dissect the post mortem of Ethereum’s latest backwards-incompatible system-wide upgrade known as the Berlin hard fork. Everything didn’t go as planned and, as Kim notes, it’ll become increasingly important that things do work as Ethereum releases more ambitious upgrades in future. Check out the full podcast episode hosted by Edington and Kim to get all the latest commentary around Ethereum and Ethereum 2.0. Links mentioned in this podcast: What’s New In Eth2 (www.eth2.news)   Valid Points (https://www.coindesk.com/newsletter/valid-points)   InterPop is redefining the future of NFTs and fandom. Learn more at interpop.ioThe Sun Exchange is offering CoinDesk Reports listeners a free solar cell with your first purchase and automatically lease them to power businesses in sunny, emerging markets.
There are no take-backs in the Bitcoin environment; and, with future governmental regulations coming, the question becomes: what is the true value of investing in bitcoin? In this episode of “On Purpose,” host Tyrone Ross sits down with financial advisors Ronnie Colvin, Manish Khatta and Courtney Ranstrom in this special edition of ‘The Bitcoin Haters’ Ball’. They explain the sage advice that they’ve guided their own clients with right now in regards to the Bitcoin Bull market. They also highlight many of the tremendous risks that purchasing bitcoin or increasing in cryptocurrency is an enormous risk.Ransom: “I tell my clients to not invest in bitcoin any more than they are willing to lose.”Colvin, Khatta, and Ranstrom give their 3 key takeaways that aid in minimizing future investment risks:There are no consumer protections at all. When using bitcoin as an everyday transaction, be aware that losses are a reality.Be as educated as possible when weighing the implications and risks associated with crypto investments.As an advisor, be educated and highly mindful of your clients; it is essential to continue to research as bitcoin is ever changing. Our Haters’ Ball guests: Ronnie Colvin : IT Financial Planner who assists technical professionals in building a roadmap for their financial future as he helps them to figure out where they are, where they want to go, and how to get there.Manish Khatta : Is the President & Chief Investment officer of firm Potomac. Manish is a staunch believer that investment risk is something that can be contained and conquered, using quantitative trading systems.Courtney Ranstrom: Co-Founder & Financial Life Planner at Trailhead Planners. Helps clients discover what wealth means to them. 
This week’s Money Reimagined episode was recorded at the ideal moment to take stock of the biggest development in the crypto space this year: Coinbase’s public listing on the Nasdaq exchange. The show was recorded on Wednesday, the day of the listing, just after 4 pm, the time at which U.S. stock markets closed. So, with the help of Wall Street Journal reporter Paul Vigna (who was Michael’s co-author for both The Age of Currency and The Truth Machine) and of CoinDesk Director of Research Noelle Acheson, we broke down the day’s action, the history of what brought us to this point from when Coinbase was first launched in 2012, and what this means for the future: for Coinbase, for the crypto community, for Wall Street, and for Main Street,In tying itself to the corporate “suits,” is this disruptive firm from the crypto universe going to shake up the Wall Street establishment from within, or will those older institutions constrain it?What does the sudden scramble up the crypto learning curve look like for all those institutional investors who now feel they need to own – and therefore understand -- this stock and the weird new decentralized financial industry it services?Who’s the next Coinbase? And what does the inevitable influx of investment in search of that “new new thing” do to the funding of new projects and new ideas among startups that may end up supplanting Coinbase and eventually rendering it obsolete?We address these and many more in this episode. 
In this week’s episode, CoinDesk’s Christine Kim and Consensys’ Ben Edgington discuss the future of cryptocurrency mining and staking with former CoinDesk Market Reporter Will Foxley. “I’m pro both proof-of-stake and proof-of-work. I don’t know which one wins out over the years [but] to me it comes down to capital costs,” said Foxley. “Both have capital costs no matter what and both use energy just in different ways.”To Foxley, the new Editorial Director at Compass Mining, these two seemingly opposing blockchain systems are really two sides of the same coins. Both rely on computers to devote a certain amount of energy towards securing and maintaining a decentralized digital ledger. While mining does require comparatively more computing power than staking, validators in proof-of-stake networks do still rely on energy expenditure in some form, according to Foxley. The key question is how we define where energy comes from.From Edgington’s viewpoint, the matter isn’t quite so ill-defined. “Proof-of-stake for me wins heavily here,” says Edgington, “because the amount of energy needed to secure the network is something like one ten thousandth of what Ethereum is currently using for proof-of-work mining and that’s not a small difference. That’s a material difference to the heat emissions and CO2 emissions on the planet.”. The long-run sustainability of either system depends on the types of users that will be most incentivized to participate either as a miner or staker. While miners are becoming increasingly professionalized and centralized, the more lucrative a cryptocurrency becomes, the more people will be incentivized to become validators in a proof-of-stake network and  greater numbers of users will engage in staking. For the full commentary on this topic of mining versus staking, check out this week’s episode of Mapping Out Eth 2.0: Ethereum as it was meant to be. Starting next week, Edgington and Kim will take over as show co-hosts. To follow Foxley on his new voyage into the industry of cryptocurrency mining, subscribe to his new newsletter, Compass Mining Memo.  Links mentioned in this podcast: Justin Drake Bankless Podcast Episode (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWqhn1hXvVc) Rayonism Hackathon (https://rayonism.io/) What’s New In Eth2 (www.eth2.news)   Valid Points (https://www.coindesk.com/newsletter/valid-points)   
A few weeks ago, the non-fungible token (NFT) world saw one of the first blockchain art heists, with several users seeing their marketplace accounts taken over and their valuables stolen. In this special episode of “CoinDesk Reports,” Managing Editor Adam B. Levine digs into the thorny issue of not just what can but what should be done in these situations.This episode is sponsored by Interpop.ioThis time we speak with Marguerite deCourcelle, CEO of Blockade Games, the creator of Neon District; and William Quigley, CEO of WAX, a blockchain designed specifically for NFTs. They help us understand the ground truth about blockchain collectibles and how that both helps and hurts when things go wrong. Later, we hear from Alex Salnikov, a co-founder of Rarible, for a different perspective on where mass adoption is pushing the still-nascent technology. Oh, and there's at least a sort-of happy ending, too, for the victims in our tale. As always, we'd love to hear what you think. Have something to say? Send us an email at podcasts@coindesk.com.--InterPop is building the architecture of an entirely new landscape of fandom using technology built on the Tezos blockchain to drive their vision. Visit hellointerpop.io to learn more.--Photo credit: Bermix Studio/Unsplash modified by CoinDesk
Without letters of credit, bills of lading, shipping documents and trillions of dollars in global goods trade would grind to a halt. (And you thought our dependency on the Suez Canal was a problem!)This episode is sponsored by Interpop.ioBut the world’s system of trade finance, a highly complex setup involving banks, insurers, shipping companies, data providers and all manner of intermediaries, is far from ideal. There is massive fraud – check the New York Times’ account of the recent Greensill Capital collapse for – and severe inequity in terms of who gets favorable borrowing terms and who doesn’t. Without access to the trusted data needed to prove their creditworthiness, millions of small-and-medium enterprises are unable to obtain credit to cover the risks associated with exporting their goods. So they either run the risk of non-payment or simply cannot participate in the global economy. As a measure of that inequity, Sheila noted in her monologue to this week’s Money Reimagined episode – in which we talk to two blockchain pioneers trying to fix the trade finance industries many problems – that there’s currently a $1.5 trillion global trade financing gap. But then in his first comments, Tallyx CEO Aditya Menon offered an alternative analysis of how much of the goods trade goes unfinanced and came up with a $5 trillion number. That’s about half of the global trade in goods. Can blockchains and tokenization address these inequities? As you’ll hear from Menon, as well as from Skuchain co-founder Rebecca Liao, the answers lie in figuring out how to incentivize all participants – the exporters, importers, shippers and financiers – to share data in a way that unlocks funding faster. Skuchain is focused on making the information richer and more reliable along the supply chain. Tallyx is figuring out how to turn the contractual information such as invoices into tokens of value that can be traded in ways that allow smaller suppliers to monetize their legitimate receivables.The problems they are trying to solve aren’t easy. But that’s what makes their work so compelling. Blockchain projects like Skuchain and Tallyx offer a healthy reminder that beyond the razzamatazz of crypto markets and celebrity non-fungible tokens, meaningful impact is also possible if you work hard at the core problems faced by real-world entities.  --InterPop is building the architecture of an entirely new landscape of fandom using technology built on the Tezos blockchain to drive their vision. Visit hellointerpop.io to learn more.--Image Credit: Mahmoud Khaled/Getty Images News
In this week’s episode, CoinDesk’s Will Foxley and Consensys’ Ben Edgington meet up with Coogan Brennan to discuss solo staking on Ethereum 2.0.This episode is sponsored by Interpop.ioCoogan Brennan’s passion for training is contagious as he equips new generations of developers with information. Brennan says, “Education has been the North Star for a lot of the work I have done in Ethereum.” He sees the world of crypto as “learner led” and feels that “it’s such a young industry that no-one can claim to be a senior educator or developer.”Coogan is a prime example of the learner-led culture and he first heard about crypto while running a tailoring business. After years of grappling with the many complexities related to Ethereum, he now works as a trainer at ConsenSys, which is a leading Ethereum development shop.Join us as we discuss a series of in-depth articles that Coogan wrote about becoming a solo staker on the Ethereum 2.0 Beacon Chain.This journey into staking required a shift of mindset. We are all familiar with images of the Proof-of-Work server farms. It’s easy to imagine that we would need a similar kind of kit to run an Eth2 staking rig.We also take the chance to discuss the complexities of working at a company like ConsenSys. Brennan explains a bit more about his work when he says, “to be an employee of ConsenSys is to live with great contradictions”. He sees one of ConsenSys’ great survival strategies as “its ability to fund wild dreamers.”Finally, we inevitably arrive at our favorite topic, Ethereum governance. Coogan describes Ethereum as a “dynamic, moving, evolving beast.” Does this make it ungovernable?Coogan is “always urging people to go further and further down the wormhole.” Listen to the full podcast to catch his infectious desire for learning.Coogan’s articles:My Journey to Becoming a Validator on Ethereum 2.0: Part 1, Part 2How to Monitor Your Eth2 Validator and Analyze Your P&LHow To Safely Migrate Your Ethereum 2.0 Validator ClientTwitter handles:ConsenSys Academy: @ConsenSysAcadCoogan: @BEB_AND_SONWill: @wsfoxleyBen: @benjaminion_xyz--InterPop is building the architecture of an entirely new landscape of fandom using technology built on the Tezos blockchain to drive their vision. Visit hellointerpop.io to learn more.
Nischal Shetty, the CEO of India’s top crypto exchange WazirX joins hosts Danny Nelson and Anna Baydakova on this week’s Borderless to talk crypto bans. Rumor has it India’s government is gearing up for a crypto crackdown; possibly a complete ban. Is that really the case? Nischal helps untangle fact from fiction in one of crypto’s most exciting emerging markets.The conversation then turns to crypto-environmentalism, first through mining and then via NFTs. Miami’s dream of becoming a hub for “clean energy” crypto mining could run into some pretty “hot” opposition. Meanwhile, another NFT marketplace is bending the knee to environmentalists’ demands, but only slightly.https://www.coindesk.com/miami-mayor-wants-city-to-become-bitcoin-mining-hubhttps://www.coindesk.com/nifty-gateway-pledges-to-go-carbon-negative-amid-criticism-of-nftshttps://www.coindesk.com/cbdcs-will-reduce-demand-for-bitcoin-says-south-korea-central-bank-chief
In this week’s episode, CoinDesk’s Christine Kim and Will Foxley, along with Consensys’ Ben Edgington, discuss the importance of naming conventions around the Ethereum 2.0 upgrade and the impact of staking on the long-term market value of ETH. Did you know the first use of the term “Ethereum 2.0” was by founder of Ethereum Vitalik Buterin back in April 2014 when he first began exploring the benefits of proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain protocols?At the time, Ethereum 2.0 referenced one thing and one thing only: a version of the Ethereum blockchain protocol secured entirely through proof-of-stake validation, as opposed to proof-of-work mining. Over the years, Ethereum 2.0 as a term has evolved and grown to encompass other improvements to the network including optimizations for scalability, smart contract functionality and blockchain interoperability. Given recent discussion over proposals to speed up Ethereum’s transition to PoS, certain developers such as the Ethereum Foundation’s Danny Ryan are pushing back on using the loaded terminology of Eth 2.0. “It’s not just about naming things. It’s about how the Ethereum roadmap has kind of evolved over the years,” said Edgington, adding: “It’s not just about changing names for the sake of it. It’s about saying, ‘We’re not doing a new chain anymore. This is no longer the plan. We are upgrading the existing chain.’”As plans for Ethereum’s future change, so, too, will conventional naming for its updated roadmap. Keeping up with constant iteration to Eth 2.0 and what this upgrade will actually entail, however, is a “moving target” that, according to Foxley, many mainstream financial analysts are in the dark and left wondering about. Some, as I point out, are also worrying about the impacts of an imminent PoS protocol on the long-term value of ether. Given that under PoS it will require less computational energy to create new coins on Ethereum, could the market value of ether be negatively impacted as a result? Listen to the full podcast to hear from Foxley, Edgington and Kim on what’s at stake for Eth 2.0. Links mentioned in this podcast: What’s New In Eth2 (www.eth2.news)   Valid Points (https://www.coindesk.com/newsletter/valid-points)   
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