Claim Ownership

Author:

Subscribed: 0Played: 0
Share

Description

 Episodes
Reverse
Ingrid is an animal activist and the president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the world’s largest animal rights organization. She is the author of several books, including "The PETA Practical Guide to Animal Rights", "Animalkind" and the 30th anniversary new edition of "Freeing The Animals". Ingrid has worked for the animal-protection movement since 1972. She has been given the following awards: Washingtonian of the Year, 1980; Courage of Conscience Award, 1995; Shining World Compassion Award, 2007; Ahimsa Award, 2014 and the Peter Singer Prize for Strategies to Reduce the Suffering of Animals, 2016. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:24 Ingrid's Intro - Building PETA, the world's largest animal advocacy organisation - Writing 14 books including "Free The Animals" about the Animal Liberation Front 03:39 What's Real? - "We are all creatures of our upbringing" - A strict, "victorian" father & a very kind mother - "I was shipped out to boarding school & raised by some disciplinarian nuns" - Nuns took out their bitterness on the "little rich girls" in their care - Rejecting the nuns' oppression helped motivate Ingrid to be rebellious, to fight for the powerless & seek justice - Earliest memory: Family dog "was like my brother" - Church on Sunday, but "it never really stuck with me" - Being lured into religiosity, but "it was a passing phase" - "I rejected what the nuns said because they were so ghastly" - Roman Catholicism. Praying at 6am every morning, "a lot of silence" - "We didn't respect the nuns... they were barbaric... even of the little kids... 5 & 6 year olds who would cry themselves to sleep" - A visiting Jesuit priest got one of the school-girls pregnant - "For a while I would cross the road if I saw a nun coming the other direction" - Later re-engaging with Christianity (bible, church)... "ultimately I completely rejected it... it made no sense at all... if there is a god it's... a cruel god or a powerless god" - Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster - "I'm not afraid to say I'm an atheist" - "Ricky Gervais & Bill Maher... are not kowtowing... are not intimidated" - The imperative to speak out (where others can't) - Being told to accept "mystery" on face value, "absurd" stories & blind faith - Lisa Kemmerer's views on religious compassion for non-human animals  ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Jackie is a former dairy & beef farmer turned full-time animal rights advocate. She is head of communications and a founding board member for the global non-profit, Vegan FTA (For The Animals). She also co-hosts their podcast and live shows. Jackie is also an author and public speaker. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome - Jordi Casamitjana (https://youtu.be/vtCwoq1XnUg) as a "vegan godfather" :) 02:28 Jackie's Intro - From beef & dairy farming to animal advocacy & veganism - Erin Wing (https://youtu.be/NAh1kLrp99Y) 04:20 What's Real? - Growing up in a UK village in the 1970's - Naturalist Gilbert White "England's first ecologist?" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_White - Christian community & school "If you're good to go to heaven & if you're bad Satan's going to get you"... "Nobody ever questioned it" - Fitting in & FOMO "everybody went to church on Sunday" - Joining the church choir, but not being religious - Losing son Luke at 2 days old - "If god loves us all... how come there are all these bad things happening?" - "Any shred of belief I ever had... just went straight out the window" - Spirituality? Unexplained things... a clock starting without batteries... "things happening for a reason?" - "Maybe there's something greater out there... not god" - Exploring Buddhism after going vegan "All you have to do is just be kind" - Meditation & Yoga - "There is such synergy between veganism & Buddhism" 30:38 What Matters? - Good: "Not being mean... not killing" vs. god compliance - "I don't think there is a hell..." except for what we do to non-human animals - Sons coming home from Xtian school saying "god's going to strike me down!" - Being most authentic & open at times when "I had nothing" - Buddhism "has taught me not to judge other people... I get a lot of peace from it... being kind." - "Being compassionate towards yourself is the hardest thing to do" - Dairy farming: "What they are doing is evil... but you can't write them off as being inherently evil" - "Everyone's got a reason for being the way that they are" 41:50 Who Matters? - Killing a spider, terrified, at 8 yrs old, then feeling "mortified that I had ended that life... that's never left me" - Husband Gareth carries a card to rescue bees with - Reading an IWAF leaflet about seal culling - Going vegetarian in 1987 after a Viva campaign on factory farming - "I couldn't believe that humans could be so cruel" - Father going shooting, being attacked by animal activists ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Lisa is an activist and academic who specialises in anymal and environmental ethics. She was an associate professor of philosophy and religion at Montana State University Billings until she retired in 2020 to found and lead the educational, vegan umbrella organization, Tapestry. Lisa is the author or editor of ten books including Animals and World Religions. She has also written over 100 articles and book chapters. Lisa coined the term anymal as a “correct” term for non-human animals. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:28 Lisa's Intro 01:58 What's Real? - Linking epistemology & ethics - "My mind sees a continuum" - Being born with "a more eastern way of thinking" - Metaphysical & practical concerns - "I don't tend to use philosophy in an abstract way" - "I have very little faith in human reasoning... we are not rational beings." - Descartes reasoning that anymals aren't sentient - "We cannot trust our reason... that doesn't mean reason's out... we need to do it with humility" - "It's the extent of our power that makes our arrogance dangerous" - "Roe vs Wade was just overturned... don't tell me humans are rational." - "Trump's reality... I don't want to know about that" - The USA: "Democracy requires education & we're not an educated public" - "Our reason is flawed... we need to use it... we have to be sceptical" 11:53 What Matters? - "Cultures & people - that's where you have to work" - "To try to bring change I need to work with humans where they're at" - "I can see the beauty in it... and I can see the problems in it" - "Cruelty is not a good thing... compassion is a good thing... fairly universal" - "I love religions... they have a committed strong belief... I can get a hold of it" - "I have never, never talked to a serious Christian, & had them, after a serious conversation, say 'it's OK, what we're doing with anymals'... an atheist? - whole different picture." - Fowler's stages of religion "I was there (stage 6) in my teens" - "These religions are rock solid in teaching the core ethic... of compassion" - Wild animal suffering & hell as challenges to a benevolent god - "Western faiths tend to be very rigid..." Eastern faiths are more pluralistic/flexible? - Compassion / empathy as central to Lisa's family's ethics - "When you live in a community you can't tolerate cruelty" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Philip is a writer from Aotearoa New Zealand, of Pākehā (NZ European) & Māori (Ngāi Tahu) descent. He is a PhD candidate at the Uni of Sydney, affiliated with the Sydney Environment Institute. He holds a Master of Arts in Philosophy from The Uni of Auckland & diplomas in te reo Māori (the Māori language) from Te Wānanga o Aotearoa. Philip has written for publications such as the Guardian, Newsroom, & Takahē. His book, Love Notes: for a Politics of Love, is published by Lantern Books. In 2018, he co-organised 'The Politics of Love: A Conference' at All Souls College, Oxford. Philip was also kaiwhakatipu (editor) of He Ika Haehae Kupenga. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:54 Philip's Intro - Writing on animals, Maori issues & "The Politics of Love" 03:10 What's Real? - Neither parent very religious so grew up agnostic? - Anglican Christian high school - Sermons talked more about love than god - Confirmed at 14 yrs... "ridiculous... what do 14 yr olds know?" - "A lot of the metaphysical background was smuggled in" - Anglicanism to comparative religion to philosophy - Turning from metaphysical to normative/ethics/politics -  "The final nature of reality is unknowable to us & we just have to proceed on our senses" - Albert Camus - The risk of being distracted by esoteric philosophical questions... instead "We need to be engaged in work that tried to bring about a better world in the light of obvious suffering" - "I do believe there is something transcendent that is true... spiritual... love" - "Communing with the spiritual... but through a critical filter" - "Prophets of love... Martin Luther King Jr & Te Whiti O Rongomai" - God, purpose, meaning, spirit, love... "Our attempts to name it... project our own interpretations on to it... prevent us from fully understanding..." - Ethical risks from religious or spiritual epistemologies (unchallengeable, unknowable, incommunicable, obedience, higher purposes, constrained/conditional compassion) - Old, new testaments, "what would the next step be?... Something like love?... a more mature ethical outlook." - Is something missing from a purely naturalistic ethics? "Not necessarily... we should & can find reasons for acting in a loving way independently from this spirituality I have described." 26:30 What Matters? - "I understand ethics in relation to love & relationship" - Constructing & affirming the morality we want to see in the world - "We are living in an absurd world... we need to determine & assert our own values... try to act lovingly" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Ana Bradley is Executive Director of Sentient Media. Sentient Media is a non-profit journalism outlet aimed at making transparent the suffering that goes on in our food systems and inspiring readers to think more about the implications of what we eat. Ana also hosts the Sentient Media podcast. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:38 Ana's Intro - Animals in the media (largely ignoring their perspectives) 06:17 What's Real? - "I never had a conversation with my parents about god" - Church of England school but "I never believed in... a man sitting in the clouds" - Linking Christian & pagan festivals - Celebrating equinox & solstice. Sunrise to sunset walks with dad - Wikka, paganism, nature - "Beliefs of respecting nature & respecting animals" - Not practicing any religion but rituals of respecting the solstice & natural transitions - Building an elements altar as a child - "I don't believe in magic... but I do believe that nature & animals have incredible power & roles to play in the existence of our planet... it's weighted in science & reason & logic" - David Attenborough's "Life of Plants" 15:15 What Matters? - Looking to nature & our relationship with the planet - The power and aura of natural cycles - "The circle of life" (sorry for my singing) argument for animal product consumption - The naturalistic fallacy - JW: "Nature is awesome but it is not ethically good or bad" - Wild animal suffering 22:07 Who Matters? - At 6yrs old seeing a picture of a kitten being vivisected - Family dog & fishes - "I have this instinct to go to the underdog... the group or the being that is least respected or protected" - Learning about exploitation of non-human & human animals around the world - Children's natural empathy for non-humans... "we kind of beat it out of them" - Making the connection between animals on the plate and animals suffering at 6 yrs old - Asking about animal derived food "my parents told me the truth"... I said: "I don't want to eat animals" - Supportive parents re: going vegetarian then vegan - Social, psychological, practical, information impediments to veganism - "One piece of the puzzle is knowing how to eat" - "It took me a few years to realise what the dairy industry is" - At 10yrs seeing a Viva poster of a dairy cow ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Erin is the Deputy Director of Investigations at Animal Outlook, a national animal-advocacy nonprofit organisation. Erin was an undercover investigator for two years. She left the field after her last investigation at the Dick Van Dam Dairy in California, where she saw cruelty, abuse & suffering every day. Through her new position with Animal Outlook, Erin works closely with investigators, providing support & resources. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:38 Erin's Intro - Undercover farm & fishery investigations & Animal Outlook 02:46 What's Real? - Growing up very religious...  - Church every Sunday, Biblical moral standards - The Golden Rule "Do unto others..." - "There was a point in my life where I started to question... there always seemed to be some exclusions... some conditions" - "'Others' encompassed everyone... human, animals, children, everyone regardless of sexuality, background, identification..." - No longer Christian, now non-religious... "someone who just wants to make the world a better place for everyone in it" - "As I got older I started questioning things more" - Very religious mother "faith based" who still encouraged questions - Religious belief: "That's great for them... as long as no one is being hurt" - Questioning both the facts & ethics of Christianity - "It really came to a head for me... [I] managed to fall into almost every marginalised community" LGBTQ+, race... - "I fell into so many of those categories that potentially might be excluded from salvation" - The supernatural, luck, agnosticism? - "I never rule anything out" humility 18:25 What Matters? - [Golden Rule] "the way I would like the world to function" - "...my own trauma & hardship & suffering" - Compassion for it's own sake or because god commands? 23:30 Who Matters? - "I've always had this connection with animals" - As a child "I did not see a lot of kindness", often conditional compassion - With non-human animals: "There are no conditions to receive affection from them"... "Those were the purest connections I could make" - Making friends with a scary-sounding neighbourhood dog "I just felt a wet nose & breathing" - Saving a stray dog & drowning kittens - Watching an animal farming documentary at ~13-14 yrs old "I immediately felt horrified" - "I could feel that contradiction... why am I eating this?" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
This episode is a recording of my presentation about Sentientism to the Terra.do climate change platform & community. Many thanks to Adam and the team for inviting me. My core presentation runs for about 30 minutes - the rest is an open conversation with the group. Drop me an email at hello at sentientism dot info if you'd like a copy of the slides - or you can see them on the YouTube of my presentation. Terra.do is the world’s first online climate learning platform and community for professionals looking to pivot their career towards climate solutions. Their goal is to get 100 million people, in all sectors of society, working on climate change by 2030. They run cohort-based online programs for talented individuals that teach them everything about climate, plug them into a network of mentors and expose them to full-time/part-time/entrepreneurial work opportunities in the space.) In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what (and who) matters?” Sentientism answers those questions with a commitment to "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." Find out more at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there!
LoriKim (she/her/we/our) describes herself as an educator, organiser, activist, conservationist, abolitionist, naturalist & healer. Originally from Jamaica & now living in the Bronx, USA, LoriKim has dedicated her life to working for social & environmental justice specifically organizing around LGBTQIA+, Black, Brown & Indigenous communities.  LoriKim’s work in anthropology & her training as a biologist has helped her work against environmental racism, in providing environmental education for People of Color & in working towards decolonialism & liberation through veganism for over 25 years. LoriKim works as a founder, facilitator and organiser with organisations including BlackVegFest https://blackvegfest.org/ & The Cypher. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:26 LoriKim's Intro - Educator, organiser, activist, conservationist, abolitionist, naturalist, healer - "Black liberation practice" with "a queer & vegan lens" 02:38 What's Real? - Growing up in Kingston, Jamaica - "Being a Black country... what that means is that we had to really hold tight to our traditions, our histories that were muddled, were removed... because of slavery" - "Highly colonised", stringent laws, highly carceral - "Missionaries saw opportunity to come in and bring their various and sundry versions of the truth" - Synchronising traditions into Christianity as the only way they could survive - Growing up Catholic "A very white and blond Jesus... this is not someone I can relate to." - "I never believed in Santa Claus" - "Religion... as the framework I had to live under in order to go about my daily life" - Communion, saying rosary, prayer - "What I saw in the natural world did not reflect this idea that god created all of these things... I watched creation happen." - Moving to the US at 13 - "This religion doesn't make any sense to me" & "bruk out" from church - Coming out & stopping eating meat at 14 - "I could not equate this idea of loving all beings... and also eating them" - "Yes - I'm an atheist... I don't believe any of this" - "However, spirit moves you." - Talking with ancestors "I thought that was me talking to myself, but..." - "I would ask for things in my head & it would happen" - "I never really strayed away from thinking about the world beyond" - A multitude of universes & studying science - "A hybrid of really being rooted in science... & there's so much more that's unknown that I know that I feel" - "I'm an Aquarius & we don't follow anybody else's rules" - Practising things that come from a lot of African ancestral traditions, "but not strictly" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Nicolas is a research associate at INRAE (L’institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement) and the Toulouse School of Economics. His work focuses on risk and decision theory, environmental economics, benefit-cost analysis and, more recently, on animal welfare. He has published scientific papers on subjects including the precautionary principle, the value of statistical life, and climate policy. He has organized several international conferences and written numerous articles for the general public, as well as reports on risk policy issues. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:31 Nicolas' Intro - Economics, risk, environment, psychology, now non-human animals - "Trying to include animal issues into mainstream economics" - From anthropocentrism to sentientism in every field? 04:40 What's Real? - Growing up in SW France - Catholic parents, but "religion was not very important" - Attending church - Not anti-religion but not a positive view either - "Religions have contributed to a strong divide between humans and animals... dominion... stewardship" - Surrounded by animals... dogs, cows in grandfather's farm, horses - "I liked to view myself as an animal lover" - "I like to see myself as a scientifically-minded person"  - Religious & naturalistic routes to anthropocentrism 12:08 What & Who Matters? - "We are raised to eat meat... and we don't really question it" - "My vegetarian epiphany" 10 years ago on a date - "I was completely ignorant about what is going on in that industry [dairy, eggs, meat]" - "I didn't see that when it's quite obvious - and I have wrong beliefs - what happened in my brain, my mind & in society?" - Cognitive dissonance, meat paradox, psychology: "Every time I had new sources of information it was bad news" - A colleague, expert in the meat industry, asked "what's the problem with animal welfare in the meat industry?" - "People don't want to see, don't want to know... even the experts" - "There is a demand for cognitive dissonance, but also a supply" - The evolution of morality, but why do we care about animals - some more than others? Extension of our compassion for humans, reciprocity? - Emotional / intellectual routes into moral consideration - Bio/ecocentrism/holism - "In economics, all research is anthropocentric" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Marina is a journalist, currently focusing on factory farming and the criminalization of activists who fight it. Marina has written for Vox, The Guardian, The New York Times, The Intercept and many other publications. She used to be an editor for Harvard Magazine. Before that, she wrote and edited for the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, The Toledo Blade and The Harvard Crimson. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:25 Marina's Intro - Zeroing in on animal-focused journalism 03:20 What's Real? - Raised by a single mum - Jewish but not v.religious (like many Soviet jews) - Emigrating from Belarus to the USA at 3yrs old - Growing up in St. Louis - Orthodox Jewish school to 8th grade but "feeling like an outsider" - "I was sceptical of the religious stuff from a pretty young age" - Updating "my religion" on FaceBook as "The Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster" in middle school - Gender segregated classes - Hearing anti-Arab racist statements in class - "A profound sense of justice" - Going vegetarian at 11 yrs old "if we don't have to kill animals... then it's wrong to do that" - School-mates "did not understand vegetarianism... god gave us dominion over animals... they're happy to be killed & give us sustenance." - Secular, progressive high-school, but "I wouldn't say that people's attitudes... were particularly different... different reasons... protein, animals not intelligent..." - Moving to veganism - "I see everything through an animal liberation lens" - Secular/scientific/naturalistic worldviews don't guarantee good ethics either - "I feel a profound connection to alll of life on earth, particularly animals & sentient life... it's something I can't express in material terms" - Animal ways of understanding can transcend what humans are capable of. Birds navigation, dog smell capability... - "Respect for non-human life & epistemological humility should underpin our efforts to understand the world - rather than the assumption that humans have the right to manage & dominate" - "I still identify as Jewish... an important part of who I am" - Atheists/agnostics within religious communities - "The way I feel about life & animals can definitely be described as spriritual" - Human dominionism "is totally at odds with my worldview" - The harms that can come from religious or naturalistic worldviews - "Science is responsible for a lot of evil stuff too" 24:00 What Matters? - Justice - "I reject any form of violence... & that's what animal agriculture is" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Susana is an assistant professor based at the Department of Logic, History, and Philosophy of Science of UNED, working on animal ethics and the philosophy of animal minds. She holds a BA in Philosophy from Complutense University of Madrid, an MA in Global Ethics and Human Values from King’s College London and a PhD in Philosophy from UNED, Spain. She has been a post-doc fellow at the University of Graz and at the Messerli Research Institute in Vienna. Susana describes her research interest as focusing on “what animals are capable of feeling, thinking, and doing, and what this means for the sort of treatment that we owe them.” Susana led the project “Animals and the Concept of Death” which culminated in her book, “La Zarigüeya De Schrödinger” or “Schrödinger’s Possum”. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:46 Susana's Intro - Vienna & Madrid cultures re: animals & veganism 03:57 What's Real? - Growing up in a 100% atheist household. Unusual for 1980's Spain - "I used to think of god as a woman" but "I never had it as a belief" - No religious education... "It's a little bit sad" - "It's always been very natural to not have god as part of the explanation" - Some sense of shame about not being religious as a kid but "I quickly grew proud of my beliefs" - Attending an international private school with rich kids "I knew I was different"... incorporated being an atheist into that difference - Superstitions "Just in case" :) 12:51 What Matters? - "I want to believe in moral realism - I don't want to be a relativist" - "Sentience is definitely something that provides a good grounding for ethics & moral status" - "I feel like something is left out if we focus excessively on sentience" - Agency as a potential moral grounding? "Something that ought to be respected about agency" - Wilcox: "agency & sentience are co-extensive" - "Harms beyond sentience?... ways of wronging animals that don't correlate with subjective feelings": dignity, preventing from relations / developing capacity - Drawn to objectiveless accounts of wellbeing more than hedonist accounts - "Pleasure is something important... but a life that contains only pleasure... might be a good enough life, but it's somehow impoverished" - Nihilism - "It feels like experiences aren't everything"... "Experiences are subject to manipulation, habituation..." ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Mark is a psychoanalyst and neuropsychologist, best known for his discovery of the brain mechanisms of dreaming and his use of psychoanalytic methods in contemporary neuroscience. He holds the Chair of Neuropsychology at the University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital and is the President of the South African Psychoanalytical Association. He is also Research Chair of the International Psychoanalytical Association. Mark has received numerous awards, notably Honorary Membership of the New York Psychoanalytic Society, the American College of Psychoanalysts and the American College of Psychiatrists. He has published more than 250 articles and book chapters, and 6 books. His second book, The Neuropsychology of Dreams, was a landmark contribution to the field. His 2002 book (with Oliver Turnbull), The Brain and the Inner World was a best-seller and has been translated into 13 languages. His latest book, on the hard problem of consciousness, is The Hidden Spring. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:29 Mark's Intro - The brain as the organ of the mind - Breaking from behaviourism - Studying psychoanalysis (first person) alongside neuroscience (studying from the outside) - The value of interdisciplinary studies of consciousness - Artificial intelligence perspectives 06:08 What's Real? - Sunday school, Christian mother - At 5-6 yrs old, father said "Your mum believes in all that stuff, I don't." - Brother's horrific accident & brain damage: "He came back from the hospital... a changed person." "Who is this guy and where is Lee?" - "I was forced at an early age to confront this question of the relationship mind & body... the person & the organism" - "My sentient being must somehow be bound up with the functions of this bodily organ" - "I think we underestimate little kids... they really do think about these things" - "Clearly he is his brain" - Finding it terrifying... intimations of our own mortality - Lying in bed in panic: "I am going to cease to exist" - Depression: "what's the point?" - Becoming atheist, now agnostic. Appreciating the limits of human comprehension (through working with patients) - "We're only able to comprehend as much as the instrument we use... is capable of... it's not a perfect instrument" - Taking a comfort in ignorance & the limits of our capability - "Do the best we can to understand" but "science has limits" - Un-testable/falsifiable beliefs. Delusions as a response to frightening uncertainties ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Steve is a philosopher and professor emeritus of philosophy at California State University, East Bay who specializes in animal ethics, environmental ethics and meta-ethics. He was co-founder in 1985 of the journal Between the Species: A Journal of Ethics and served as its initial co-editor. Steve was a member of the board of the American Philosophical Quarterly (1991–1994). In 1983, Steve founded, with his wife Jeanne, the Hayward Friends of Animals Humane Society. They now operate Second Chance, Helping the Pets of People in Need, in California. Steve wrote Morals, Reason, and Animals, in 1987, Subjective Morals, in 2011, and edited Food for Thought: The Debate over Eating Meat; published in 2004. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome  01:34 Steve's Intro - Getting out of the ivory tower "Put the values you espouse into effect & help the animals" - A seminal early voice in animal ethics 6:05 What's Real? - Growing up in Salt Lake City - Immigrant parents from war-torn Europe "focused on making sure they could make a living" - Greek Orthodox & Methodist Christian parents - Sunday School - Order of the Cross cult (vegetarian because of reincarnation) - "I was never interested in religion" "The story of Noah was really nuts" - "The story in the 1950's was you couldn't survive without meat... but my mother proved that wrong" - "We liked animals... didn't see the need to kill them for something totally unnecessary" - James vs. Bertrand Russell "It's immoral to believe something just because it makes you feel good" 17:03 What Matters? - Literature as a way into philosophy - Philosophy at Rice University (classical, medieval, existential) 22:52 Who Matters? - Singer's Animal Liberation - Animals "were my friends" - "The most basic principle of morality is not to cause suffering for no good reason" - "I was very much a Kantian" - Writing "Are Animals Moral Beings" - "Utilitarianism can tend to subordinate the indvidual... it tried to do a science of ethics" - "Kantianism has problems too" - Pluralism & pragmatism: Care ethics, Singer & utility, Regan & rights, Korsgaard & Kant... - "We need to build on history" - Anthropocentric & bio/ecocentric challenges - “A lot of environmental ethics… is nonsense” ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Kathryn Gillespie PhD  (kathrynagillespie.com) is a writer, multispecies ethnographer, & feminist geographer. She is a Postdoctoral Scholar at the University of Kentucky in the Department of Geography & the Applied Environmental & Sustainability Studies Program. Her research & teaching interests focus on: ethnography & qualitative methods; feminist & multi-species theory & methods; food & agriculture; political economy; critical animal studies; human-environment relations. She is the author of The Cow with Ear Tag #1389. She has also published in numerous scholarly journals & has co-edited three books: Vulnerable Witness: The Politics of Grief in the Field; Critical Animal Geographies: Politics, Intersections and Hierarchies in a Multispecies World; and Economies of Death: Economic Logics of Killable Life & Grievable Death. Kathryn has volunteered with Freedom Education Project Puget Sound, Food Empowerment Project and Pigs Peace Sanctuary. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:15 Kathryn's Intro - Understanding the harms animals experience under capitalist & settler colonial regimes, particularly in food systems - "Bringing individual animals into the frame" - Field work in farms & auction yards "spaces of exploitation" - Sanctuaries: Seeing the lasting harms of exploitation but also "places to imagine flourishing" & rehabilitation - Multi-species auto-ethnography. Everyday violence & care - Living w/chickens "turned us vegan" & lab-rescued beagles - Academia & activism 07:52 What's Real? - Raised somewhat in the Episcopal church - "That just did not resonate with me" - Visiting Baptist churches "that was incredible... a joyful explosion of faith" - A Buddhist grandmother & "Living Buddha, Living Christ" by Thich Nhat Hanh - Practising Tibetan Buddhism as a teenager - Buddhist compassion & Episcopalian blessing of animals on St. Francis' day - Supernatural vs. naturalistic Buddhism "The supernatural stuff never appealed to me" - Envying the pure, comforting faith of a fundamentalist Christian best friend - Compassion for the other or because god tells you? - Pagan & Wiccan practics - People re-connecting with nature during COVID - The etymology of "real" in Latin/Sanksrit from "wealth"... the capitalisation/commodification of life - Emotional, embodied, lived experiences re: meaning, connection & knowledge making. Another form of evidence 32:10 What Matters? ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Dr. Mark Solomon is an author, neuropsychologist, musician and radio show/podcast host whose work touches on a wide range of topics. Mark produces a national Street Epistemology radio show/podcast called "Being Reasonable" (beingreasonableshow.com, @B_Reasonable_, @Being Reasonable) In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:25 Mark's Intro -  @Street Epistemology . Conversations about "what you know and how you know it"  @Anthony Magnabosco , Reid Nicewonder  @Cordial Curiosity   02:44 What's Real? - Flat Earth - Backfire effect - Talking less about the belief & more about the reasons for the belief - Improving our epistemology, not just "correcting" beliefs - "I grew up in a Jewish household that didn't discuss god" - Living with two separate epistemologies: naturalism / humanism but culturally Jewish - "I couldn't even tell you that my rabbi believed in the supernatural" - SE as a tool anyone can use - Evidence & reason - Objectivity & subjectivity - Reality, truth, belief & opinion - Starting conversations with understanding how people think of truth 27:44 What Matters? - "I don't know" - "I try to be a selfless person but sometimes I act selfishly" - "I just act - I don't know if I have a choice" - Uncertainty, psychology & moral foundations - Suffering vs. flourishing (causing bad feelings in others is bad) - Moral origins in evolution & psychology - Determinism & free will - Pre & non-human morality - Compassion & co-operation as evolutionarily adaptive - Virtue, deontology, utility, feminist care, relational ethics - "If there were no sentient beings there would be no morality" - Internal (warm fuzzy feelings, reciprocity...) & external reasons to be good - True altruism & demandingness. "At least don't needlessly cause suffering & death" - Emotional & intellectual routes to compassion - Alleviating suffering vs. enhancing flourishing - Universal Declaration of Human Rights 48:15 Who Matters? - Nagel's "What is it like to be a bat?" - Getting backyard chickens for eggs & as pets - "It's become painfully obvious to us that they are really smart creatures with their own social order... they definitely feel suffering." - "There are some really stark commonalities between humans & chickens" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
This episode is a bonus cross-post from my conversation about Sentientism with Nick Pendergrast on his Freedom of Species show on the 3CR community radio station based in Melbourne. Nick, who was my guest on Sentientism back on episode 88, turns the tables and asks me what's real, what matters and how to make a better world. Make sure to tune in to 3CR and subscribe to Nick's Freedom of Species and Progressive Podcast Australia podcasts. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there!
Lucas studied and practiced architecture in the U.S., Canada, and India before leaving it all behind in an effort to rethink what it is to live a meaningful life. Since then he's traveled the world, started a philanthropic enterprise, Haven Hearts, and written a beautiful, compassionate book. Along the way he enjoys playing frisbee, making things with his hands, and befriending every dog who crosses his path. He is the author of The Weight of Empathy, a travel memoir. Lucas describes it as an exploration of both our relationship with animals and his own personal process of learning how to be a compassionate person in an often violent and uncaring world. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:15 Lucas' Intro - author & social enterprise entrepreneur - Architecture, travelling, volunteering, writing "The Weight of Empathy", benefitting the world 03:28 What's Real? - Non-religious parents, "recovering Catholic" mother, father from a Jewish family - Raised as a child on a "hippy" commune - "From the moment I knew the word I probably identified as an atheist", but not anti-theist - Some "woo-woo" spirituality. Tarot cards, divination, magic - Open minded, rational, scientific way of thinking - Experimenting w/levitation & telekinesis "It was not very successful" - Religious inspiration in art/culture. Community & separation - Where people turn to for explanations of the unexplainable - Alan Watts & Daoism - Hallucinogenics & mushrooms - A "hybrid rationalist spiritual view" - Carl Sagan - "There's an inherent quality in matter... that is self-organising" - From interstellar dust to stars to elements to life to sentience - "Sentient beings are a way for the universe to observe itself" - "Maybe if you took mushrooms you'd describe the same things in a different way" - Teleology, fine tuning argument & the anthropic principle - Multiple worlds 29:34 What & Who Matters? - Sensitive, pacifistic tendencies - Communism (Russian family history), justice, equality - An affinity with non-human animals (dogs, cats & wild animal) - Loving the family chickens, but eating them. "These were chickens I knew" - Inventing a justifying narrative as a child that humans need to eat the meat of animals because "we're made of meat" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Adam is a Lecturer in Env. Sci. at Deakin Uni. He works on questions related to ecology, conservation & society. He is most interested in: i) how concern for Animals informs environmental values & practice, ii) the env. potential of transitioning to plant-based agri & iii) more critical approaches to how the sciences consider Animals. Adam wants to leverage research to help create a better future for Animals, the environment & humans. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome 01:57 Adam's Intro - "An animal person". Vegan activist, lecturer & scientist - The idea that animals matter "took over" 03:16 What's Real? - Catholic grandma, mother traumatised by Catholicism, non-religious father - High-school: enthusiastic atheism & "an affinity with science" - Uni: learning about the social history & context of religions - "I'm a proper atheist... I just don't think there's anything there" - "How I think about reality is grounded in natural science" - Humility re: complex systems (e.g. social, envir) - Scientism. Science might not have all of the answers - Reading fantasy & sci-fi: "Religion is just another fantasy book" - Religious friends. Talking about bible inconsistencies & faith & submission - "Letting your thinking be done by others - I'm not into that" - Scepticism "show me the evidence" - The positives of religious community & connection - Environment: "Why can't we love it for what it is rather than investing some sort of supernaturalness into it" - Faith vs. evidence & reason - Pseudoscience & "pretend naturalism" - Conspiracy theories, woo & Goop - "Pseudoscience tries to use the language of science to trick people" - QAnon: "That stuff is batshit" - Teaching science communication - Flat Earth, Cults & "True Believers" - The "Oh No Ross & Carrie" podcast https://ohnopodcast.com/ - "Religion is an accepted mass delusion" - Heaven & hell: "It's a good way to control people" 33:40 What Matters? - Social cohesion & relationships - "Being good to the person next to you... not harming" - Pluralism: virtues, deontology, utilitarianism, consequentialism - Evolution of morality: from having young that need care - "Survival of the most caring?" - "I don't want to just propogate my genes any more - that's why I'm not down the sperm bank every day" - "Ethicists & philosophers often talk shit" - The frequent disregard of conservationists for sentients (e.g. culling) ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Macken is a writer and science educator. He hosts a weekly podcast about animals, Species, recommended by both Apple and BBC’s Wildlife magazine. He is currently studying anthropology at the University of Oxford. He has written a children’s book about animal symbiosis, Animal SideKicks. *Content Warning - description of violence* In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome  01:54 Macken's Intro: Species podcast, writer, grad student 03:19 What's Real? - Never exposed to the supernatural so "I never really had occasion to believe in it" - Dad is a Pastafarian pastor - Raised by two atheists (who were raised Protestant & Catholic in Northern Ireland during The Troubles) - "Their first impression of religion in life was one that was related to needless violence... seeing someone get shot for their religious affiliation" - "I've never seen even a slightly good reason to believe in any of that stuff..." - Culturally still Christian (Santa!) - Is spiritual but not religious... "trying to have your cake & eat it too?" - Are those who grew up religious more likely to end up anti-religious than those who didn't? - Odd that atheism requires such focus vs. arguing against the existence of Santa - The risks of patronising deference to religion re: sexism, homophobia, bigotry - Losing religious belief might harm some people - Why is using evidence & reason the best approach? What if "I just don't like it" - Different forms of evidence & reasoning - Biases, denial, gullibility & skepticism 25:40 What Matters & Who Matters? - Utilitarianism in theory & nihilism in practice - Vegan "If I wasn't vegan I'd feel super guilty all the time" - "I wasn't really raised with a moral framework... there was one rule... from my dad... 'don't be a dick'" - My mum gave me a list: "One girlfriend at a time... never get a grade below a B..." - Evolved ethical intuitions - "We're an altruistic, really prosocial species... we're also a really evil, horrible species" - A pre-disposition to moral strictness "I didn't swear for years... I basically haven't lied at all (maybe this is a bit of a lie)." - Testing utilitarian on thought experiments "but if you followed me around all day I'd be acting very much the same way as my ancestors (except veganism)... family first, friends second, everyone else when I can & it's easy" - Effective Altruism ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Jordi is an ethical vegan, a zoologist and a veganism content writer and consultant. He has been involved in different aspects of animal protection for many years. He became well-known for securing ethical veganism as a protected characteristic under the UK Equality Act 2010 in a landmark Employment Tribunal case. He has worked doing campaigning, lobbying, scientific research, undercover investigations and consultancy. He has authored several books, including “Ethical Vegan: A Personal and Political Journey to Change the World”. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what’s real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 00:00 Welcome  01:14 Jordi's Intro - Adding new identities: Zoology, ethical vegan, activist, writer. - Legal case re: ethical veganism becoming a protected philosophical belief in the UK - Writing "The Ethical Vegan" 03:26 What's Real? - Growing up in Catalonia as a Roman Catholic (like 99.9% of people there) - Becoming atheist as a child despite "I never met one... I assumed that everybody else believed in the Catholic god" - Other cultures seemed to be "pre-Catholic" - Living under the oppression of Franco's fascist dictatorship "Catalan culture survived underground." "As a child... the message you get is 'this reality is not the real one'" "I have to maintain a reality against the reality around me" That led to questioning Catholicism - Being bullied "The world was a completely hostile place to me... the country... the streets" - Discovering the welcome of the animal world & nature "I could see there was something better" - Catalan Catholicism was softer. More open to doubt than the fascist-friendly, Spanish version - Internal struggle at 12 yrs "What happens if I don't believe" - "Protestants tend to become agnostics. Catholics tend to become atheists." - "I prayed to god to make me an atheist... so I can discover you by myself" - Being anti-religious at first, but softening with age - Secular Buddhism - Formal institutional religions vs. more personal/flexible religions & spirituality - "I built my philosophy from instinct" - Naturalistic & mystical/spiritual connections with nature - "That bark seems more important than what you were just saying" :) - The same feeling of awe can be interpreted in spiritual or naturalistic ways - Jordi's 13 hour lecture on "From Nothing to Everything - a Natural History of the Universe" - "Reality is a subjective thing but also shared"... "Find the points in common" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info and on YouTube. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Come join us there! Thanks Graham.
Comments 
Download from Google Play
Download from App Store