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Sheikh Azhar Nasser explores Sunni counter arguments to the Shia claim that the Verse of Purification (Quran 33:33)The discussion covers:- Claims that the context of the verse being different- Claims that the verses include all of Bani Hashim- Claims that the verse doesn't prove infallibilityThe Q&A also answers:- Why the Imams sometimes gave their children the same names as prominent Sunni's like Aisha and Uthman Ans: The names didn't necessarily imply endorsement back then, though Imam Ali specificlly said he named his son after a different Uthman)- Why didn't the Quran explicitly state who the Ahlul Bayt were?Ans: This was one of the ways Allah preserved the Quran without affecting free will. Otherwise the enemies of those people would have fought harder to change the Quran.Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=560.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4J8QU_piqg&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Continuing the identification of who is meant by the holy Ahl al-Bayt, Sheikh Azhar Nasser uses hadiths from Sunni sources that are accepted by both Shias and Sunnis to compare Shia and Sunni viewpoints.Hadith include:- (Jame-ut-Tirmidi) Hadith al Kisa - the hadith of the cloak - (Sahih Muslim) Zahid ibn Akram's explanation of why the wives are not part of the Ahlul Bayt- (Al Mustadrak ala al-Sahihayn) The prophet going to Fatima's door every day for months after it was revealed, repeating the Verse of Purity saying "Oh Ahl al-Bayt..."- (Sahih Muslim) Hadith of Mubahila, where the Christians of Najran rejected the Prophet's message and were challenged to a mubahalah. Here the term "Ahl al-Bayt" was used for the holy five exclusively- (Sahih al-Tirmidhi) Hadith Al-Thaqalayn, where the prophet said "I'm leaving for you that which if you hold onto you shall never devate., one is greater than the other: The Book of God-an extended rope between the Heavens and the Earth; and my progeny, my Ahl al-Bayt"- The fact that the wives never used the Verse of Purification to show their superiority (despite sometimes using other claims to show their superiority)Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=556.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3cSoTy0ZlU&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Who does the Quran refer to when it says Ahlul Bayt? Sheikh Azhar Nasser compares Sunni and Shia viewpoints based on hadit from Sunni sources.The three main perspectives are:- It includes the Prophet's wives, Bani Hashim, and the Holy Five (Ali, Fatima, Hassan, Hussain, and Prophet Muhammad)- It includes just Bani Hashim and the Holy Five- It includes just the Holy Five (shia perspective)Sheikh Azhar discusses arguments for and against the verse of Purity (Quran 33:33) applying the wives as well as the Holy Five, looking at the verse in context with the surrounding verses.The discussion covers:- Why are wives referenced before and after this verse?- Are wives actually being praised?- Changes in pronouns- Meaning of "warding off filth"- Context changing from "Your houses" to "The house"Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=546.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUEGYtgQxOs&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Hadiths on Aisha

Hadiths on Aisha

2022-07-1947:06

Continuing the comparison of Shia and Sunni views on Aisha bint Abu Bakr, Sheikh Azhar compares Shia and Sunni perspectives on hadiths that cause each sect to have their varying opinions on Aisha.Hadiths covered include:- (Bukhari/Sahih Muslim) Prophet Muhammad apparently pointing to Aisha's house and saying "fitna is from here"- (Bukhari) Prophet Muhammad saying Aisha is like "the female companion of Yusuf", i.e. Zulayqha- (Bukhari/Muslim) Various hadith given by Aisha that include implications of the prophet listening to women singing and being bewitched and halucinating, thus damaging the prophet's dignity with their alleged stories. (Shias reject the validity of these hadith)Key message: The above and the discussions from the last lecture give Shia scholars enough reservations about Aisha's narrations that they prefer to get their teachings from more reliable sources like Imam Ali and Lady FatimaLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=542.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nQLj16n0-p4&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Aisha bint Abu Bakr

Aisha bint Abu Bakr

2022-06-1456:10

Comparing the Shia and Sunni views on Aisha, the daughter of Abu Bakr and third wife of Prophet Muhammad. Sheikh Azhar also explains why the two sects may have such divergent views of her.The lecture dives into:- Why Shia's believe Aisha was in her late teens when she married Prophet Muhammad (vs the Sunni narrative of being 9 years old)- How Aisha gained an prominence above other wives of Propeht Muhammad- Quranic verses establishing that the wives of Prophet Muhammad could choose to do either good or evil (Quran 33:30-31)- Comparing views on whether the Verse of Purification applies to all wives of the prophet or only Imam Ali, Lady Fatima, and their children- Quranic verses (Surah 66, verses 3-5) that accuse two wives of their deviation and threatens retribution. Sunnis and Shias both agree they refer to Aisha and Hafsa (another wife)- Comparing Sunni/Shia views on whether there's enough evidence of Aisha's repentance after the above Quranic condemnation to depend on her as a reliable narrator of hadith- Why Shias don't believe the Quranic title "The Mothers of the Believers" was intended to honor Prophet Muhammad's wivesLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=536.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtYqU661YSs&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
The Prophet's Wives

The Prophet's Wives

2022-06-0459:02

At the end of the battle of Badr, Abu Sufyan had challenged the Muslims to a rematch a year later. This rematch was known as the Second Battle of Badr, and after seeing how much stronger the Muslims had gotten the Meccans were demoralized and decided to march back to Mecca. And so no battle never actually took place.Around this time period many of the Prophet's multiple marriages took place. Reasons for those marriages included:- Protecting vulnerable Muslim women- Establishing peaceful ties with hostile tribes- Teaching men to free their slave girls and marry them- Promote the spirit of interfaith- Demonstrating how to deal with marital conflict- Testing the believers to see if they would believe the prophet or his wivesLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=532.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jK6rRnJFLQQ&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Prohibiting Alcohol

Prohibiting Alcohol

2022-05-2553:00

This lecture covers:- The gradual prohibition of Alcohol- Passing of Fatima bint Asad (Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib's mother)- Birth of Imam Husayn- Prophet Muhammad's Marriage to Umm SalamahLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=528.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FPm9rojYaHQ&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Prophet Muhammad approached the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadhir to help the Muslims make peace between themselves and another Jewish tribe, only to discover at the last minute that Banu Nadhir was planning to assassinate him.Why? The Banu Nadir couldn't accept a gentile as the final messenger of God. They considered it degrading to be subservient to a non-Jew.Faced with this treachery, Prophet Muhammad commanded them to take their belongings and leave Medina in ten days.The Banu Nadhir initially refuse, preparing for war, but surrender once the Muslims besieged their fortress. Despite their willingness to fight the Prophet still allowed the tribe to depart, but orders them to leave their weapons behind this time. Banu Nadhir reloate to the Fortress of KhaybarSurah Al Hashr (#59) verses 1-16 describe this encounter.Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=524.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1NrT1ojUbJE&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Uhud: The Aftermath

Uhud: The Aftermath

2022-04-2552:57

After the Battle of Uhud:- Quraysh mutilate the bodies of Muslims- Prophet Muhammad sends a reconnissance mission to see if the Quraysh will invade Medina or return to Mecca- Various verses of the Quran are revealed to console the Muslims and instruct them on how to recover from the losses- The Meccans decide to come back to finish off the Muslims, but their army is scared away- Nomadic tribes, emboldened by the Muslim's defeat at Uhud, try to raid the MuslimsKey lessons from the Battle of Uhud:- Do not be naive and assume anyone who claims to be a Muslim is a believer at heart. Uhud exposed the munafiqeen- God's help is guaranteed when Muslims are united and obey the Prophet- Being Muslim doesn't guarantee victory. Believers must struggle and endure hardships to achieve success- Beware of succumbing to material temptations. Love of the world can blind even those fighting alongside the prophetLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=501.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDjeZ57V3VM&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
As the Quraysh fled, the archers watching the army's back rushed to gather the spoils of war. The enemy noticed this and launched a cavalry counter attack from the unprotected rear, changing the tide of the war.Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=497.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02wW7yvrbbs&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
With archers defending their backs, Ali ibn Abi Talib starts the skirmish with one on one battles, defeating nine opponents in a row.Quickly, the Qurayshi army becomes demoralized and starts fleeing.Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=493.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQXTzbW0QaM&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
The Battle of Uhud'

The Battle of Uhud'

2022-02-2347:04

- The Muslims marched towards the invaders with an army of 1000 men. - Munafiqs revealed: Abdullah ibn Ubayy deserted the army and left with 300 of the men, the munafiqs.- Battle tactics used by Prophet Muhammad- Fortications abandoned: The prophet gave the archerers unambiguous instructions to maintain a defensive position, yet they were ignored to try and obtain some spoils of war, giving the enemy a critical advantageIn many ways, this event was a precursor to Imam Ali's succession being ignored years down the road:- If 300 men were blatantly hypocritical when the population was just 2000, then how many must have been munafiqs when there were 100,000 Muslims when the Prophet Muhammad passed away?- The prophet gave clear, unambiguous instructions to the archers, yet they were ignored for some spoils of war. What instructions might such people ignore to gain the caliphate?Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=486.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2mZw4Q4mQqk&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Both sides prepare for the Battle of Uhud soon after Imam Hasan's birth:- The battle was instigated by the Meccan's desire for revenge, the insult they felt from Islam, and the economic strain they had landed under- Abu Sufyan's attempts at raising an army- Hind's support of the army- Prophet Muhammad's investigation when an undercover Muslim informs him of Abu Sufyan's army- How Prophet Muhammad held his war council and respected his follower's wishesPractical lessons:- Importance of consultative leadership- Appreciating the wisdom of elders- Youth tend to be overzealous- Certain Islamic rulings only apply to the Prophet- No shaming: Those who gave poor advice were not blamed even though going out to meet Quraysh was a sub-optimal optionLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=482.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tl87UnuBTw4&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Precursors to Uhud'

Precursors to Uhud'

2022-01-2451:22

The events that occurred after the Battle of Badr, which led to the Battle of Uhud:- The Expedition of Qarqarat Al-Kudr, where nomadic tribes started hostilities against the Muslims- The Expedition of Sawiq, where Abu Sufyan led an assault against Medina- The Qaradah Raid, where the Muslims raided a Meccan caravan- The death of Uthman ibn Madh'un, one of the highest companions- The death of Ruqayyah- The assassination of Ka'b ibn Ashraf, a member of the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadhir, for treason (inciting Meccans to war against the Muslims)Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=478.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNR6pPMAOrk&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
While most Muslima and Jewish tribes in Medina were agriculture based, the Jewish tribe of Banu Qaynuqa consisted mainly of craftsmen and blacksmiths, making them highly militarized. The tax-free marketplace, along with the Muslim's conflict with the Meccans (one of Banu Qaynuqa's main customer base) threatened Banu Qaynuqa's financial interests. This led to Banu Qaynuqa violating the peace treaty they had agreed to in the Medinan Charter and secretly start colluding with the Meccans to incite hostilities against the Muslims.Once Banu Qaynuqa began openly violating the peace treaty and began abetting the Muslim's enemies, there was a stand off between them and the Muslims, which led to Banu Qaynuqa's defeat and banishment.Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=474.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7uJvnpFZu0s&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Changing the Qiblah

Changing the Qiblah

2022-01-1347:50

How and why the qiblah was changed from Jersalem to the Kaaba:- The Jewish tribes had been mocking Muslims for worshipping towards Jerusalem- Quranic verses in Surah Baqarah explain why the Qiblah was changed- Quran's criticism of the people who had enmity in their hearts against Muslims.Lecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=470.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-X3EWPhweE8&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Prisoners of War

Prisoners of War

2022-01-1046:25

The immediate aftermath of the Battle of Badr, including:- How the prisoners of war were treated after the battle- Revelation of Surat al-Anfal, which included verses on warfare- How the spoils were dividedLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=466.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKnJFE1IBM4&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Warfare during Battle of Badr and the Muslim's victory:- The story of Umayr ibn Al-Humam, who longed for a martyrdom- The two youth who killed Abu Jahl, and how they attacked him- Abu Jahl's arrogance even with his dying breaths- Umayyah ibn Khalaf's attempt to seek refuge once defeat was imminent- Lessons taught after the battleLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=462.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQaGD67IMDY&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
The Battle of Badr begins:- Prophet Muhammad tried to avoid hostilities, and some of the Quraysh wanted to avoid fighting as well. But Abu Jahl instigated the conflict forwards.- Fighting began with three one on one skirmishes- The miracle of the prophet throwing pebbles towards the Quraysh and blinding themLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=458.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7HBOwrzwf-k&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
The Quraysh set out with a huge army, intending to intimidate not just the Muslims but the rest of the Arabs as well.This lecture includes:- Quraysh leaders who were afraid of going to war- Military tactics leveraged by the Propeht Muhammad before the battle- Attributes needed to be a leader- A miracle Allah sent to give the Muslims an advantage the night before the battleLecture notes available at http://www.why-quran.org/?p=454.Subscribe at http://www.why-quran.org/subscribe to watch the lectures live and participate in the Q&A at the end of each class.Video recording of this lecture + Q&A available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KPprgQ2qGjg&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT.
Comments (2)

Johnny Pater

it was really something but the spoken was too slow 🐌

Dec 5th
Reply (1)
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