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Liberal Amazon

Liberal Amazon

Autor: O Liberal

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The 'Liberal Amazon' project Podcast is an initiative of Grupo Liberal to enhance the world's access to information about the Amazon and assist the teaching and practice of the English language in the region.
56 Episodes
The Brazilian maritime territory stretches over 8,000 km long of coastal extension and is known as the “Blue Amazon”, a name created by the Navy in order to emphasize the importance of this area in terms of biodiversity, size and economic role for the country. What many people are unaware of is that almost 38% of this total area is, in fact, within the Amazon: around 3,000 km. The coastline of the Amazon extends from the Oiapoque River, in Amapá, to São Marcos Island, in Maranhão, and in this territory are located the largest and most preserved mangroves in the world, according to information from Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG). In this  week's Liberal Amazon article you will find out more information about the richness, diversity, economic potential and challenges of the Amazon coastline. So go to and read more about it.
Amazon emerges solidly in the speeches of Luís Inácio Lula da Silva, in his first address to the nation, after being elected the next president of Brazil, on October 30th. On several occasions, Lula referred to the Amazon as one of the priorities in his presidential term, stressing that “Brazil and the planet need a living Amazon”. After the presidential election outcome, leaders from different countries expressed interest in collaborating with Brazil, under Lula’s direction. Internal national scenario, however, points to many challenges towards the consolidation of the commitments undertaken in the campaign. Know more about the prospects for Amazon as of January 2023 by accessing our website: Supported by: @valenobrasil
Mosquitoes, bees and insects, in general, are part of the reality of those who live in the Amazon, even in urban centers. For some people, they can be considered a burden and, for many others, they can simply go unnoticed. However, insects play a key role in preserving biodiversity in the region, as they are responsible for spreading nutrients and seeds in the forest, allowing more plants to grow, in addition to decomposing organic matter and serving as food for other animals. According to José Albertino Rafael – a researcher at the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA) [National Institute for Research in the Amazon], 70% of the species of animals that exist in nature all over the planet are insects. Access at Support: @valenobrasil
Located in the southeast of the state of Pará, Parauapebas is a municipality that emerged and expanded based on mining activity. Parauapebas is where Serra Norte dos Carajás is located – the largest mineralogical province in the world. However, given the estimate that mineral resources will run out in approximately 16 years, the municipality has sought to develop an alternative economic matrix, focusing on the tourist sector, as a way to continue developing and creating employment opportunities and income alternatives for the population. The idea is to invest in ecological tourism routes, with the implementation of spaces that can attract visitors interested both in exploring natural beauties and in adventure tourism. Access to read the whole news.
On Sunday, October 9, Círio de Nazaré will fill up the streets of Belém, in Pará, in its 230th edition. It is the most expected of all Círios. It draws the attention of Brazil and of the World, gathering more than two million people going on a pilgrimage with so intense energy that it cannot be unnoticed even by people from other religions and cultures.  But, It is not by chance that Our Lady of Nazareth is known as the Queen of the Amazon. Of the nine states in the Legal Amazon, only Mato Grosso does not have a Círio. In most states, the processions even coincide with those in the capital of Pará, with many tributes in common, but also with many particularities, which give a special and completely distinct tone to the eyes of those who, until then, only associated the Círio with the original and most traditional procession in Belém. So go to and learn more about all the Círios de Nazaré from the Amazon.
Sunday, October 2nd, is the day when more than 156 million Brazilians have, in their hands, the right to choose the politicians who will lead and decide the course of the country and the states of the federation from January 1, 2023 by means of a vote. According to the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), 156,454,011 people are eligible to vote in this ballot, a number that is 6.21% higher compared with the 2018 election. Twenty million voters, out of this total, represent the electorate of the nine states that make up the Legal Amazon. For two times throughout this year, the Liberal Group, from Pará, opened space for the main candidates for the presidency of the Republic to present their views and plans for the Amazon region.  Find out what they think about and promise by accessing our website:
Forest suffers from constant high temperatures, prolonged dry season and rampant fires. Situation worsens in the south of the Amazon region and threatens the entire ecological balance. In forest and cities it is increasingly difficult to breathe. Earlier this month, an article in the scientific publication Nature confirmed what Brazilian researchers have already been warning: the humidity of the Amazon rainforest is decreasing while there is an increase in the dryness of the air in the region. The study is signed by researchers from the University of Exeter, in the United Kingdom, and it has identified that these changes are related to temperature shifts, which are progressively higher due to the advance and persistence of fires in the biome. Learn more on our website: Photo by Bruno Kelly - Amazônia Real
Internationally known, açaí is a fruit with rich nutritional values, such as vitamins, antioxidants, fats and proteins. Consumed as food both outside and inside Brazil, the plant extraction in the country is entirely concentrated on the açaí plantations within the Legal Amazon area, which totaled more than 220,000 tons in 2020, according to data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). In addition to being part of the food culture in the Northern region, açaí serves as a source of income for many families, from extractivism to pulp sales points in cities. Given its importance, scientists have discovered other possibilities to take more advantages of the fruit versatility, with potential to be turned into other products for the food industry, such as powder, oil, animal feed, as well as production of some kind of paper and even use applied to generate bioenergy. Learn more on our website:
In October 2022, Brazil will hold elections for the President of the Republic, governors, senators, as well as for federal and state parliamentarians. Since 1996, the electoral process has been computerized in Brazil, using electronic voting booths and satellites, among other equipment, for guaranteeing greater agility and transparency in the process, in addition, the result is disclosed in a few hours later. In the Amazon region, despite the automation and technological advancement of the electoral process, there are still many communities with little or nonexistent internet access. Therefore, residents in large urban centers more easily gather information, consequently, they have more possibilities when they choose their candidates. In this scenario, what are the strategies adopted by the population of remote areas from the capitals, in order to obtain information about the electoral process? For many of them, information is only received through traditional channels, such as radio and satellite TVs, or in conversations with community leaders. Read the full report on our website:
September 5th is officially Amazon Day. With a territorial extension almost eight times larger than France, Legal Amazon is always a challenge to those who travel through it. By land, most roads are in a precarious condition; by rivers and rails, the potential of these modes of transport is underused. Therefore, air transport is, in many cases, a solution for public authorities to reach isolated communities and for the transport of products and services. But flying over the Amazon is also a big challenge. Long distances, dense forest, lack of airstrips are some of the characteristics that require courage and experience from teams working in the region. Check out, in this last article of the series on the challenges and potentials of logistics and transport in the Amazon, the stories and information about air transport in the region. Read the full report on our website:
Brazil uses only about 30% of its total waterway potential of approximately 64 thousand km, for economic purposes. It means to say, just over 19,000 km are used – 81% of which (15,500 km) corresponds the Amazon rivers hydric routes. The survey was carried out by National Transport Confederation (CNT), based on data from National Waterway Transport Agency (Antaq). For this potential to be better exploited, CNT and Antaq point out that it is necessary to invest in signaling, expansion of ports and improvement of infrastructure of waterway terminals, among other measures. Integration of modes may facilitate the flow of production in the Amazon, but railways are still poorly explored in the region. This is the second theme of the Liberal Amazon series on logistics challenges for transportation in the region, presenting, in three editions, the challenges and potentials faced by each modal. To know more, read the full report on our website:
The North region, which concentrates seven of the nine states constituting the Amazon, has the worst road network in the country. Almost 80% of its roads are in regular, bad or extremely bad condition, according to the 2021 Road Survey, promoted by National Transport Confederation (CNT). This percentage alerts to a regional reality that brings several problems to the Amazonian development. According to the CNT survey, Maranhão and Mato Grosso, states from other regions which integrate the Brazilian Amazon also share the need for urgent investments. Highways are the first theme of the Liberal Amazon series on logistics challenges for transportation in the region, presenting, in three editions, the challenges and potentials faced by each modal. To know more about the highways, read the full report on our website:
As of January 1st, 2023, the president-elect of Brazil will be able to count on a condensation of the expectations of traditional peoples from the different countries where the Amazon territory spreads across. The president shall receive the Pan-Amazon Declaration of Belém, launched after the Pan-Amazon Social Forum, which brought together people from the nine Pan-Amazon countries (Brazil, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname), at the end of July, 2022 in Belém (PA). The declaration places special emphasis on the impairing obstacles faced by traditional communities and perspectives for a better future according to the vision of indigenous peoples, quilombolas, riverine people, black people and defenders of human rights and nature. It shall be presented also to the President of Colombia – Gustavo Petro – who was elected in June this year and will take office in January 2023. Read the full content at Support: @valenobrasil
DEFORESTATION Of the five Brazilian states which deforested the most along 2021, four of them are located in the Amazon: Pará, Amazonas, Mato Grosso and Maranhão. The region is responsible for the felling of about 18 trees per second and the states occupying the first and second positions in the rank of destruction are, respectively, Pará and Amazonas. These are data from the Annual Deforestation Report, published by MapBiomas, a collaborative network formed by NGOs, universities and technology startups. The report analyses, consolidates and validates all deforestation warnings in Brazil, identified by monitoring systems. To learn more about the deforestation in Amazon, read the full report on our website:
The state of Pará is responsible for 95% of local, national and international commercialization of açaí, in an expanding market. However, a scientific study revealed that the bet on monoculture to try to meet this high demand leaves impacts on the wetlands forest To better guide producers on the sustainable cultivation of açaí, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa), develops in Marajó Island (Pará), a project that seeks to strengthen the production chain by preserving the wetlands forest, despite the growing market pressure for the açaí. To learn more about the impacts of açaí monoculture, management technology and the Marajó initiative, read the full report on our website:
Group from the Federal University of Western Pará already obtained the invention patent of the product -which is vegan-, and also includes in it's formula bacuri stone, seeds of murumuru and tapioca starch. The next step is to draw industry interest in investing in it.
Cocaine seizures in the Brazilian Legal Amazon, between 2011 and 2021, figure 73% higher than the total amount of drug apprehension in the previous decade. Data disclosed by the Federal Police indicate more intense transportation of drugs, as well as frequent  inspection and combat to international trafficking in the region.
Journalists Cinthia Gatti and Pedro Cruz comment on the theme
Journalists Cinthia Gatti and Eduardo Laviano comment on the theme
The Amazon is the Brazilian biome with the largest number of animal species, home to 73% of mammal species and 80% of bird species in the country, according to the Ministry of the Environment.  Due to the fact that many cities are surrounded by forests and rivers and the growth of these areas evolve disorderly, occasionally, wild animals end up invading the urban space, bringing risks both to their own health and to that of humans. The responsibility for rescuing these animals is shared between the municipal, state and federal spheres.  In this  week's Liberal Amazon article you will find out more information about how biologists, veterinarians and other professionals are dedicated to rescuing, protecting and trying to provide safety and quality of life to forest animals that are impacted by the advance of human presence. So go to and read more about it.
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