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Voices in Wool with Clara Parkes
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Voices in Wool with Clara Parkes

Author: The Wool Channel

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Voices in Wool features conversations with people around the world whose lives touch, and are touched by, wool. Hosted by New York Times-bestselling author Clara Parkes and made possible by members of The Wool Channel.
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In honor of this being New York Sheep and Wool Festival weekend in Rhinebeck, New York, this episode's voice in wool is Clara herself. So make yourself a cup of tea and enjoy story time as she reads the New York Sheep and Wool Festival chapter from her New York Times bestseller, Knitlandia: A Knitter Sees the World. This is a special Voices in Wool episode intended for members of The Wool Channel. Click here to join the party.For copyright reasons, I regret that there is no audio transcript of this recording.Support the show (https://www.thewoolchannel.com/membership)
What could washing your breakfast dishes and preventing wildfires possibly have in common?Marie Hoff may be able to help with that question.In 2013, she took on a small flock of ouessant sheep and launched Cappella Grazing in Sonoma County. Her clients were mainly vineyards, orchards, farms, and private land owners who wanted a quieter, more efficient form of a lawnmower. But it soon became apparent that her flock was serving another more urgent need: reducing fuel loads to prevent wildfires.Using ruminants as part of a wildfire mitigation program is not new. Nor is using them to graze vineyards and orchards. It’s been a common practice in Europe for centuries, and grazing animals have been part of a much larger environmental cycle for, well, thousands of years. Sheep do this all while fertilizing the soil, reducing invasive weeds, and eventually, helping restore grasslands. As her flock returned to the same plots of land year after year, Marie saw firsthand just how powerfully effective targeted grazing could be as part of a regenerative agriculture scheme. And she met others who were doing it on a much larger scale. It was about this time that she noticed a problem. All these farmers were doing great things with their flocks. Yet every year at shearing time, all the wool got thrown away for lack of a market. And so, Marie decided to step into the gap, buy the wool, and try to make something out of it. She folded Cappella Grazing into a new venture called Full Circle Wool.Which is where your and my breakfast dishes come into play. Full Circle Wool: https://www.fullcirclewool.comFibershed's Climate-Beneficial Wool program: https://fibershed.org/climate-beneficial-wool/A full transcript of this episode can be found here: https://www.thewoolchannel.com/viw-s1-e4Photo Credit: Alycia LangSupport the show (https://www.thewoolchannel.com/membership)
In 2020, the American wool industry lost an extremely important link in its production chain when the Yocom-McColl wool testing lab closed. That lab had been in operation for more than 50 years. And by the time it closed, it was our only remaining commercial wool testing lab in the country. Why does this matter? Because any kind of trade, whether it’s buying or selling of wool, requires accurate commercial measurements to know what you’re buying or selling. Testing for things like cleanliness. How much dirt is in this wool. How greasy is it? How fine is it? How great a variation is there between the finest and the roughest fibers? What am I really getting?These are all important things to know because wool comes off a living, breathing animal. It doesn’t come out of a spigot, it’s not out of a test tube. It’s not an easily controlled substance, and there’s lots of variation.When Yocom-McColl closed, American producers had to send their samples to New Zealand for testing. And while New Zealand has some extraordinary facilities for testing wool, and they can do it very quickly, they’re in New Zealand. Which is a long distance for wool to travel on a routine basis from the United States. It would be easy to add this to the list of tragedies to befall the American wool industry, to point to it as another sign that everything is disappearing, but that’s not actually the case. Before Yocom-McColl even closed, industry stakeholders began working on a plan.What’s involved in setting up a commercial wool testing lab anyway? What kind of equipment do you need, what barriers might you face, and why does any of this matter?My guest today has very fresh experience trying to answer these questions. Dr. Dawn Brown is an obstetrician turned angora goat and sheep farmer turned mill owner who has recently stepped into what she calls a “bucket list” job opportunity. She is the manager of the new commercial wool testing lab that’s being added onto the Bill Sims Wool & Mohair Research Laboratory at Texas A&M’s Agrilife Research and Extension Center in San Angelo, Texas. And by January 2022, the lab is set to be up and running. It will join the April, 2021 newcomer Wasatch Wool Laboratories in Midvale, Utah. The United States will go from no commercial wool testing to two labs.  We discuss how the lab in San Angelo came about, what she does at the lab (hint: it involves destroying lots of wool), how she managed to get $400,000 worth of equipment to Texas from Australia, and what her hopes are for the future—not only of the lab and wool testing but of wool in general.Full transcript.Support the show (https://www.thewoolchannel.com/membership)
Today's voice in wool never set out to be a voice in wool. In fact, he doesn't say a word about wool at all. His interest—and quite an infectious one at that—is in the sheep themselves, how they move and navigate both the natural terrain and one another.In this episode, Clara talks with Lior Patel, a 42-year-old professional drone photographer from Haifa, Israel, who spent seven months observing a megaflock of more than 1,000 sheep from the sky. His time-lapse video of the flock in motion, which he threw up on social media just for a few photographer friends, has become a viral sensation. Clara finds out what drove him to the project in the first place. Why sheep? What did he learn from them? And what can we learn from them too?Their conversation blossoms into a much bigger discussion about life itself—about keeping balance and perspective and holding onto the creative spark when turning one's passion into one's profession. They also talk about the fleeting nature of Internet "stardom," about how he's using the publicity to bring more attention to farmers, and about the opportunities that this video has brought him—and why he turned down a chance to profit financially from the project.Along the way, Lior shares some uncanny observations about sheep as a collective society, and how much we can learn from them.Find Lior Patel on Instagram at instagram.com/liorpatelView his other drone work on his website, Bravo Zulu AerialsFor a full transcript, go to thewoolchannel.com/voices-s1-e2Support the show (https://www.thewoolchannel.com/membership)
Swiss sheep aren't known for their wool. But they still play a vital role in the Alpine ecosystem: that of agile and incredibly efficient lawnmowers. Which is exactly why Claire Jeannerat and her husband Damien began farming in 2014. From their farm in Crans Montana, they raise rare and indigenous breeds of sheep and goats that are highly adapted to the Alpine environment. On any given day, the animals can be found nibbling everywhere from grassy pastures and the occasional neighbor's garden to the steepest of Alpine slopes—all of which Claire shares with the world through her much-loved Instagram account, The Swiss Shepherdess. Claire and her husband are among the last farmers in Switzerland to continue the ancient tradition of transhumance, which involves moving the flocks by foot over multiple days and long distances to and from their summer pastures high in the Alps. Wool Channel founder Clara Parkes catches up with Claire just a few days before she and Damien embark for the season. They talk about what led Claire to leave a successful career in hospitality and hotel management to become a full-time first-generation farmer. And Claire shares some secret tips from the new project she's begun with her twin sister Kate. Called "How Being More Goat Can Support Your Resilience and Wellbeing," the 60-minute interactive webinar combines Kate's professional training as a resilience expert with the invaluable life lessons Claire has learned from her animals—in particular, the goats. Details and tickets for the July 27, 2021 session here.Voices in Wool is made possible by members of The Wool Channel. To find out more, and to learn how you, too, can join the flock, go to thewoolchannel.com/membership.  Support the show (https://www.thewoolchannel.com/membership)
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