Discover通勤學英語 15Mins Today每日英語跟讀 Ep.K295: 德國新總理能振興歐洲左派嗎?
每日英語跟讀 Ep.K295: 德國新總理能振興歐洲左派嗎?

每日英語跟讀 Ep.K295: 德國新總理能振興歐洲左派嗎?

Update: 2022-01-201
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Hello 通勤家族,1/25下午1點到3點,歡迎來年貨大街,迪化街永樂市場前的街頭播音室來跟我們互動見面!禮盒有限,先搶先贏喔 XDD 



禮品通關密語: Happy birthday!



年貨大街街頭播音室官網: https://2022lunarnewyear.taipei



 



每日英語跟讀 Ep.K295: Can Germany’s New Chancellor Revive the Left in Europe?



 



Last December, as he was plotting what most considered to be a hopeless bid to become Germany’s next chancellor, Olaf Scholz interrupted his campaign preparations for a video call with an American philosopher.



去年12月,蕭茲策畫競選德國下任總理,被多數人認為毫無希望之際,他為了與一名美國哲學教授視訊通話而暫停參選準備工作。



Scholz, a Social Democrat, wanted to talk to the philosopher, Michael J. Sandel of Harvard, about why center-left parties like his had been losing working-class voters to populists, and the two men spent an hour discussing a seemingly simple theme that would become the centerpiece of the Scholz campaign: “Respect.”



社會民主黨籍的蕭茲想跟美國哈佛大學哲學教授桑德爾談談,像他的黨這類中間偏左政黨為何失去勞動階級選民,眼看這些人轉而支持民粹主義者。兩人花了一小時討論一個看似簡單、後來成為蕭茲競選骨幹的主題「尊重」。



Scholz is Germany’s ninth postwar chancellor — and the first Social Democrat in 16 years — succeeding Angela Merkel and heading a three-party coalition government. Defying polls and pundits, he led his 158-year-old party from the precipice of irrelevance to an unlikely victory — and now wants to show that the center-left can again become a political force in Europe.



蕭茲是德國戰後第九位總理,也是16年來首位社民黨籍總理,接替梅克爾並領導三黨聯合政府。他打破民調和專家預測,帶領他那成立158年的政黨,走出被認為無關緊要的險境,取得難以置信的勝利,如今他希望展現中間偏左勢力能再度成為歐洲一支政治力量。



For the center-left in Europe, Scholz’s victory comes at a critical moment. Over the past decade, many of the parties that once dominated European politics have become almost obsolete, seemingly bereft of ideas and largely abandoned by their working-class base.



對歐洲中間偏左勢力而言,蕭茲勝選的時機很重要。過去十年來,許多一度主導歐洲政治的這類政黨變得幾乎被淘汰,他們看來沒有主張,而且大致被他們的勞動階級基本盤放棄。



The political energy has been on the right, especially the populist far right, with many American conservatives flocking to countries like Hungary to study the “illiberal democracy” of Viktor Orban, that nation’s far-right prime minister.



政治能量在右派這邊,尤其是民粹極右派,許多美國保守派人士湧入匈牙利這類國家,研究該國極右派總理奧班的「不自由民主思想」。



“The biggest concern in politics for me is that our liberal democracies are coming increasingly under pressure,” Mr. Scholz says about himself on the Social Democrats’ website. “We have to solve the problems so that the cheap slogans of the populists don’t catch.”



蕭茲在社民黨網站上描述自己:「對我而言政治上最大的憂慮是,我們的自由民主政體承受愈來愈大的壓力。我們必須解決這些問題,好讓民粹主義者的廉價口號無法打動人心。」



Last year, in the middle of the first Covid-19 lockdown, Mr. Scholz read Professor Sandel’s latest book, “The Tyranny of Merit” in which the Harvard philosopher argued that the meritocratic narrative of education as an engine of social mobility had fueled resentment and contributed to the rise of populists like Mr. Trump.



去年德國實施首次新冠肺炎防疫封鎖時,蕭茲閱讀了桑德爾教授最新著作「成功的反思」,這位哈佛哲學教授在書中主張,菁英領導體制陳述的「教育是社會流動的動力」,助長憤恨並促成美國前總統川普這種民粹政治人物崛起。



“The backlash of 2016 vividly expressed that simply telling people, ‘You can make it if you try,’ was not an adequate response to the wage stagnation and job loss brought about by globalization,” Professor Sandel said in an interview. “What Social Democratic elites missed was the insult implicit in this response to inequality, because what it said was, ‘If you’re struggling in the new economy, your failure is your fault.’”



桑德爾受訪時說:「2016年的強烈反應鮮明表達出,僅僅告訴人們『去嘗試就能做到』,並非對全球化造成的薪資停滯和失業的適切回應。社民黨菁英沒注意的是,這種對於不平等現象的回應隱含著侮辱,因為它說的是,『如果你在新經濟裡苦苦掙扎,你失敗是你自己的錯』。」Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/5970225

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每日英語跟讀 Ep.K295: 德國新總理能振興歐洲左派嗎?

每日英語跟讀 Ep.K295: 德國新總理能振興歐洲左派嗎?

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