DiscoverCounselor Toolbox PodcastComplimentary Interventions in Addiction Treatment
Complimentary Interventions in Addiction Treatment

Complimentary Interventions in Addiction Treatment

Update: 2020-09-19
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Complimentary Interventions in Addiction Treatment

Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes


CEUs available at: allceus.com/member/cart/index/product/id/1347/c/


Objectives

~ Explore various types of complimentary therapies which can be used in the treatment of chemical and behavioral addictions.

Intro

~ Each person is unique.

~ Biology

~ Willingness to take medication

~ Triggers for use

~ Complimentary Interventions in this presentation are those treatments that are added on to compliment counseling and/or traditional medication assisted therapy

Concurrent Treatment for Biological Issues

~ Thyroid

~ Cardiovascular

~ Gonadal hormones

~ Chronic Pain

~ Chiropractics

~ Massage

~ TENS

~ Exercise

~ Apnea

~ Autoimmune /Inflammatory issues

~ Mental Health Issues caused by neurochemical imbalance due to genetics or the effects of tolerance/withdrawal

Acupuncture/Acupressure

~ Acupuncture is one of the more widely used alternative therapies within the context of addictions and behavioral health treatment (SAMHSA)

~ It reduces cravings, improves mood and has been associated with a reduction in psychotic symptoms

~ Acupressure

~ Use of magnets “seeds”

~ Use of lasers and “electro-acupuncture”

Brain Modulation

~ Current research on these treatments is anecdotal or limited at best but they show promise

~ Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) has shown some promise for reducing cravings in the short term

~ EEG & fMRI Neurofeedback patients learn to modulate their own brain activity through feedback from the MRI or EEG machine. It has shown some promise for reducing cravings

~ Deep Brain Stimulation (invasive): Case studies report prolonged abstinence of opioids or alcohol with ventral striatal DBS

Biofeedback

~ Using resting heart rate / pulse and respiration patients are able to

~ Reduce their systemic hyperarousal (HPA-Axis)

~ Increase their feelings of control over their emotions and urges

~ Altered the information flow from the prefrontal cortex to the default mode network (wakeful rest)

CBD

~ There is a growing body of preclinical and clinical evidence to support use of CBD oils for many conditions, suggesting its potential role as another option for treating challenging chronic pain or addiction

~ CBD & stimulants

~ Prevention of drug-induced neuroadaptations (excitotoxicity)

~ Reverses cognitive deficits

~ Alleviates symptoms of comorbid mental disorders

Light Therapy

~ Light Therapy helps reset circadian rhythms

~ Sleep

~ Hunger

~ Cortisol levels (energy)

~ Sunlight increases vitamin D which has been shown to improve mood, reduce inflammation and regulate circadian rhythms

Hypnosis

~ Some studies have shown decreased craving via hypnotic aversion suggestions through top-down regulation of the prefrontal cortex as evidenced through MRIs

Kratom

~ Some people use Kratom to self-detox from opioids or alcohol. Currently this is not a medically approved approach.

~ Kratom can cause effects similar to both opioids and stimulants producing sedation, pleasure, and decreased pain

~ Kratom is not illegal and not regulated for purity or potency by the FDA

~ Kratom takes effect after five to 10 minutes, and its effects last two to five hours.

~ In animals, kratom appears to be more potent than morphine.

~ Kratom can be addictive

Summary

~ Addiction is a biopsychosocial condition

~ No single treatment or intervention is likely sufficient for sustained recovery.

~ Many complimentary therapies help rebalance the neurotransmitters / CNS which often underly craving, withdrawal symptoms and mood issues which are being self-medicated.

~ Many therapies can be used in conjunction to address the myriad of underlying issues contributing to relapse risk (depression, anxiety, low self efficacy, insomnia, fatigue, pan)

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Complimentary Interventions in Addiction Treatment

Complimentary Interventions in Addiction Treatment

Charles Snipes