The Difference Between the Colon and Intestines
In this podcast, we’re going to talk about the unique difference between the small intestine and the large intestines.
The small intestine:
The small intestine is a lot longer. There are three parts:
• The first part is 10-15 inches
• The second part is about 8 ft.
• The last part is 8-13 ft.
90% of all the digestion occurs in the small intestine. You have enzymes that are generated from the pancreas and the small intestine that help break down proteins, carbohydrates, and fat.
In the first part of the small intestine, you have the contents of the stomach and some of the juices from the pancreas coming out to help neutralize the acid from the stomach. You also have the absorption of iron happening here.
The next part of the small intestine is where you will absorb certain vitamins and nutrients. In the last part of the small intestine, you will absorb and recycle bile salts. You’re also going to absorb vitamin B12, fat, fat-soluble vitamins, and certain electrolytes.
The small intestine is alkaline, which triggers certain enzymes. When the microbes from the large intestine back up and get into the small intestine, that’s called SIBO. SIBO can cause nutritional deficiencies and a lot of bloating. The large intestine is a bit smaller at around 5 ft.
This is where fiber starts to ferment. You’re also going to absorb water, fluids, certain electrolytes, salts, and potassium. There are a lot more bacteria in the large intestine than in the small intestine. The pH of the colon is going to be more acidic to help kill pathogens that should not be there. But, it doesn’t affect good bacteria.
When the fiber is fermented, it’s going to turn into small chain fatty acids, such as butyrate. Butyrate is actually the preferred fuel for the colon cells. Butyrate also helps stabilize your blood sugars, increase energy, and helps improve insulin resistance.
Dr. Eric Berg DC Bio:
Dr. Berg, 51 years of age is a chiropractor who specializes in weight loss through nutritional & natural methods. His private practice is located in Alexandria, Virginia. His clients include senior officials in the U.S. government & the Justice Department, ambassadors, medical doctors, high-level executives of prominent corporations, scientists, engineers, professors, and other clients from all walks of life. He is the author of The 7 Principles of Fat Burning.
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