DiscoverHardcore PhilosophyMaps: From Ptolemy to GPS
Maps: From Ptolemy to GPS

Maps: From Ptolemy to GPS

Update: 2018-04-272
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This episode is about maps - physical, metaphysical, and existential; as well as their representations, abstractions, and ontological incompleteness. In 1620, Francis Bacon wrote that three inventions had changed the course of history: the printing press (for ideas and communication), gunpowder (for warfare), and the compass (for navigation). With the printing press you can mass produce maps. With gunpowder you very effectively redraw their lines. And with the compass you can more easily navigate with them and fill in the unknown, the terra incognita, of the world around us. 400 years after Bacon, we have GPS or satellite navigation. No invention has had a greater impact on the distribution and popular utility of maps as this. In every phone, on every computer, the side column of every google search - a GPS map is given. And with it, turn-by-turn directions wherever we want to go. Exact distance, alternative routes, estimated travel time, even potential traffic delays. If only this were a description of life... Yet, we are surrounded by these maps. But more and more, I find that people don't know how to actually read maps. They can follow directions, sure, but not read the map. This is a problem, because being able to understand and read maps has less to do with driving on roads, and more to do with navigating life.

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An Epic of Masculinity
When good men sit down, bad men stand up. When masculine virtues are ignored, masculine vices reign. When kings are told to go away, tyrants take their place. This is not just a description, but a strategy.This results in a world where a plurality of masculine figures without virtue are in leadership positions in governments, companies, and organizations. This structure is incentivized to forward and repeat the societal talking points whereby masculinity is defined as toxic. This narrative helps prevent good men from rising up.The toxic masculine narrative is the norm, of both history and today.I'm going to crush this status quo, by uplifting masculine idealism.It is a simple formula. Competence + Ethics. This is the masculine ideal.We are a species that doesn’t do well with nuance. We see so many bad men in the world and in the news, and we drift towards simple answers: men are bad. With this we forget that our last and best hope against tyranny is the development of masculine ideals and virtues.It is for this reason that stories about the positive masculine (and omens about the negative masculine) have survived and thrived for thousands of years.I’m going to crush the historic and modern status quo that defines all men as toxic, not by offering my critique of their position, but by offering the alternative. The alternative are these stories and lessons from history, philosophy, and idea. These stories have one purpose: uplift the positive masculine, and teach masculine ideals.

An Epic of Masculinity

2018-09-1501:40:019

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Maps: From Ptolemy to GPS

Maps: From Ptolemy to GPS

Evan Thomsen