The Internals of MongoDB

The Internals of MongoDB

Update: 2024-02-19
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I’m a big believer that database systems share similar core fundamentals at their storage layer and understanding them allows one to compare different DBMS objectively. For example, How documents are stored in MongoDB is no different from how MySQL or PostgreSQL store rows. 


Everything goes to pages of fixed size and those pages are flushed to disk. 




Each database define page size differently based on their workload, for example MongoDB default page size is 32KB, MySQL InnoDB is 16KB and PostgreSQL is 8KB.




The trick is to fetch what you need from disk efficiently with as fewer I/Os as possible, the rest is API.  




In this video I discuss the evolution of MongoDB internal architecture on how documents are stored and retrieved focusing on the index storage representation. I assume the reader is well versed with fundamentals of database engineering such as indexes, B+Trees, data files, WAL etc, you may pick up my database course to learn the skills.


Let us get started.


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The Internals of MongoDB

The Internals of MongoDB

Hussein Nasser