# #2171 - Eric Weinstein & Terrence Howard

### Digest

This episode continues the fascinating conversation between Terrence Howard, a self-taught mathematician and actor, and Eric Weinstein, a theoretical physicist and podcaster. Howard presents his unconventional views on mathematics and physics, particularly his concept of "wave conjugations" and the significance of the number two. Weinstein, known for his intellectual curiosity and willingness to engage with unconventional ideas, attempts to understand and "steelman" Howard's theories. The discussion revolves around the flower of life pattern, a geometric motif found in various cultures, and Howard's belief that it represents a cryptic message from an advanced consciousness. He argues that the pattern is a shadow cast by a higher-dimensional structure, and that the voids within the pattern hold significant meaning. Howard also challenges conventional mathematical concepts, such as the identity principle and the nature of multiplication, suggesting that the number two is fundamentally different from other prime numbers. Weinstein, while acknowledging the complexity of Howard's ideas, attempts to provide a framework for understanding them, drawing on concepts from category theory, quantum mechanics, and the history of science. The conversation touches upon the nature of the ether, the limitations of current mathematical models, and the importance of critical thinking in scientific discourse. Ultimately, the episode highlights the value of open-minded dialogue and the potential for unconventional perspectives to challenge established paradigms. The conversation then shifts to the cosmological constant, supersymmetry, and the periodic table. Weinstein explains the concept of the cosmological constant and its relationship to dark energy and the vacuum. He also discusses supersymmetry and its potential role in explaining the near-zero value of the cosmological constant. The conversation then turns to the periodic table and Howard's unconventional views on the sound of the elements. Weinstein challenges Howard's ideas, but also acknowledges the potential for a deeper understanding of the relationship between music and the elements. The episode concludes with a discussion about the importance of open-mindedness and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

### Outlines

##### Introduction and Terrence Howard's Background

This Chapter introduces Terrence Howard, a renowned actor and self-taught mathematician, and Eric Weinstein, a theoretical physicist and podcaster. Howard shares his academic background, including his PhD in mathematics and his experience in various departments at prestigious institutions like MIT, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Harvard, and Oxford. He also mentions his podcasting endeavors.

##### Exploring the Number Two and the Identity Principle

This Chapter delves into Terrence Howard's unconventional views on the number two and its significance in mathematics. He argues that the number two is fundamentally different from other prime numbers and that the identity principle, which assigns the number one as the multiplicative identity, has been a stumbling block for mathematicians. Howard refers to this principle as the "Jim Crow laws of mathematics" and discusses the work of mathematicians like Marie von Franz and Dale who have explored the problems associated with the identity principle.

##### The Flower of Life and Higher Dimensions

This Chapter focuses on Terrence Howard's interpretation of the flower of life pattern, a geometric motif found in various cultures. He believes that the pattern is a cryptic message from an advanced consciousness and that it represents a shadow cast by a higher-dimensional structure. Howard argues that the voids within the pattern hold significant meaning and that understanding these voids is crucial for unlocking the secrets of the universe.

##### Entangled Photons and the Ether

This Chapter explores the concept of entangled photons and the implications for our understanding of the universe. Eric Weinstein discusses a recent discovery of two entangled photons that appear to form a Yin and Yang pattern. He questions the implications of this discovery and whether it supports the existence of an ether, a hypothetical medium that was once thought to carry light waves. Weinstein argues that the concept of the ether has been replaced by vector bundles, but that the underlying idea of a medium for wave propagation remains relevant.

##### The All Shape and the Self-Duality of the Tetrahedron

This Chapter delves into Terrence Howard's concept of the "all shape" and its relationship to the flower of life pattern. He explains that the all shape is generated by a different process than the flower of life, starting with a tetrahedron, which is distinguished among the five platonic solids as being self-dual. Howard discusses the work of Chuck Habermann, an engineer who created a mechanism that demonstrates the self-duality of the tetrahedron. He also highlights the duality between the five platonic solids, with the tetrahedron at the center and the other solids arranged around it.

##### Rhombutons and the Octahedral Cavity

This Chapter continues the exploration of Terrence Howard's geometric models, focusing on the concept of rhombutons. Weinstein describes a hypothetical scenario where eight rhombutons are arranged in a cubical formation, creating a cavity in the center that resembles Howard's curved linear octahedral structure. He explains how this structure is generated by spheres of radius root two at the eight vertices of a cube passing through each other and closing off the cavity.

##### Terrence Howard's Inspiration and the All Shape

This Chapter delves into the inspiration behind Terrence Howard's exploration of these geometric models. He shares a personal anecdote about a dream he had at the age of 42 that led him to start putting together the pieces of his theory. Howard explains that the all shape is generated by a different process than the flower of life, starting with a tetrahedron and focusing on its self-duality.

##### The Significance of Geometric Structures

This Chapter delves into Terrence Howard's exploration of geometric structures and their potential significance in understanding the universe. He argues that the flower of life pattern and other geometric motifs hold deep meaning and that they can be used to unlock the secrets of the universe. Eric Weinstein, while acknowledging the complexity of Howard's ideas, attempts to provide a framework for understanding them, drawing on concepts from category theory, quantum mechanics, and the history of science. The conversation touches upon the nature of the ether, the limitations of current mathematical models, and the importance of critical thinking in scientific discourse. Ultimately, the episode highlights the value of open-minded dialogue and the potential for unconventional perspectives to challenge established paradigms.

##### Challenging Conventional Mathematics

This Chapter delves into Terrence Howard's unconventional mathematical theories, particularly his concept of "wave conjugations" and the significance of the number two. Eric Weinstein, known for his intellectual curiosity and willingness to engage with unconventional ideas, attempts to understand and "steelman" Howard's theories. The discussion revolves around the flower of life pattern, a geometric motif found in various cultures, and Howard's belief that it represents a cryptic message from an advanced consciousness. He argues that the pattern is a shadow cast by a higher-dimensional structure, and that the voids within the pattern hold significant meaning. Howard also challenges conventional mathematical concepts, such as the identity principle and the nature of multiplication, suggesting that the number two is fundamentally different from other prime numbers. Weinstein, while acknowledging the complexity of Howard's ideas, attempts to provide a framework for understanding them, drawing on concepts from category theory, quantum mechanics, and the history of science. The conversation touches upon the nature of the ether, the limitations of current mathematical models, and the importance of critical thinking in scientific discourse. Ultimately, the episode highlights the value of open-minded dialogue and the potential for unconventional perspectives to challenge established paradigms.

##### The Cosmological Constant and Supersymmetry

This Chapter delves into the cosmological constant, supersymmetry, and the periodic table. Weinstein explains the concept of the cosmological constant and its relationship to dark energy and the vacuum. He also discusses supersymmetry and its potential role in explaining the near-zero value of the cosmological constant. The conversation then turns to the periodic table and Howard's unconventional views on the sound of the elements. Weinstein challenges Howard's ideas, but also acknowledges the potential for a deeper understanding of the relationship between music and the elements.

##### The Linchpin and String Theory

This Chapter delves into Terrence Howard's concept of the "linchpin" and its relationship to string theory. Weinstein compares Howard's linchpin to string theory, highlighting the similarities and differences between the two theories. He also discusses the potential for Howard's ideas to be misunderstood or dismissed by the scientific community. The conversation touches upon the importance of open-mindedness and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

##### Even Temperament and the Pythagorean Comma

This Chapter delves into the concept of even temperament and the Pythagorean comma. Weinstein explains how even temperament is a compromise that allows for modulation in music, but also introduces imperfections. He compares even temperament to Howard's linchpin, suggesting that both are based on a kind of "cheat" that allows for a greater understanding of the universe. The conversation touches upon the importance of open-mindedness and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

##### The Tetrahedron and Degrees of Freedom

This Chapter delves into the tetrahedron and its relationship to degrees of freedom. Weinstein explains how the tetrahedron has six degrees of freedom, which can be used to create a drone that can rotate itself in three dimensions and get anywhere based on these six objects. He also discusses the potential for Howard's ideas to be misunderstood or dismissed by the scientific community. The conversation touches upon the importance of open-mindedness and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

##### The Periodic Table and Sonification

This Chapter delves into the periodic table and Howard's unconventional views on the sound of the elements. Weinstein challenges Howard's ideas, but also acknowledges the potential for a deeper understanding of the relationship between music and the elements. The conversation touches upon the importance of open-mindedness and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

##### The Sound of Hydrogen and Luca Turin's Theory

This Chapter delves into the sound of hydrogen and Luca Turin's theory of smell. Weinstein discusses the potential for a deeper understanding of the relationship between music, smell, and the elements. He also highlights the challenges faced by unconventional thinkers in the scientific community. The conversation touches upon the importance of open-mindedness and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

##### The Periodic Table and Quantum Mechanics

This Chapter delves into the periodic table and its relationship to quantum mechanics. Weinstein discusses the limitations of the standard periodic table and the potential for a more accurate and comprehensive understanding of the elements. He also highlights the challenges faced by unconventional thinkers in the scientific community. The conversation touches upon the importance of open-mindedness and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

### Keywords

**Terrence Howard**

Terrence Dashon Howard is an American actor and musician. He is known for his roles in films such as Hustle & Flow, Crash, and Iron Man. He is also a self-taught mathematician and has developed his own theories about mathematics and physics.

**Eric Weinstein**

Eric Weinstein is an American theoretical physicist, mathematician, and podcaster. He is known for his work in string theory and his unconventional views on science and philosophy. He hosts the podcast "The Portal" where he engages in intellectual conversations with a wide range of guests.

**Wave Conjugations**

A term coined by Terrence Howard to describe a specific type of wave interaction that he believes is fundamental to the structure of the universe. It is related to the concept of phase conjugation, where a wave is reflected back on itself, but Howard's theory suggests a more complex and multi-dimensional interaction.

**Flower of Life**

A geometric pattern consisting of overlapping circles that is found in various cultures around the world. It is often associated with sacred geometry and spiritual symbolism. Terrence Howard believes that the flower of life pattern is a cryptic message from an advanced consciousness and that it represents a shadow cast by a higher-dimensional structure.

**Identity Principle**

A fundamental principle in mathematics that defines the multiplicative identity as the number one. Terrence Howard challenges this principle, arguing that it has been a stumbling block for mathematicians and that the number two is fundamentally different from other prime numbers.

**Rhombuton**

A term used by Eric Weinstein to describe a hypothetical geometric shape that is similar to a rhombus but with curved edges. Weinstein suggests that eight rhombutons arranged in a cubical formation can create a cavity in the center that resembles Terrence Howard's curved linear octahedral structure.

**All Shape**

A term coined by Terrence Howard to describe a specific geometric shape that he believes is fundamental to the structure of the universe. It is generated by a different process than the flower of life, starting with a tetrahedron and focusing on its self-duality.

**Antichythera Mechanism**

An ancient Greek astronomical calculator that was discovered in 1900. It is considered to be one of the most complex mechanical devices ever created in antiquity. Eric Weinstein uses the Antichythera Mechanism as an analogy for the flower of life pattern, suggesting that it might be a cryptic instruction from an advanced civilization.

**Platonic Solids**

Five regular convex polyhedra that have been studied since ancient Greece. They are the tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron. Terrence Howard's theories involve the platonic solids, particularly the tetrahedron and its self-duality.

**Ether**

A hypothetical medium that was once thought to carry light waves. The concept of the ether was abandoned in the early 20th century with the development of Einstein's theory of special relativity. However, Eric Weinstein argues that the underlying idea of a medium for wave propagation remains relevant and that vector bundles can be seen as a modern equivalent of the ether.

**Cosmological Constant**

A term in Einstein's field equations that represents the energy density of the vacuum. It is a fundamental constant in cosmology and has been the subject of much debate and research. The cosmological constant is thought to be responsible for the accelerating expansion of the universe.

**Supersymmetry**

A theoretical framework in physics that postulates a symmetry between bosons and fermions. Supersymmetry predicts the existence of superpartners for each known particle, which have not yet been observed experimentally. Supersymmetry is a potential solution to the hierarchy problem in particle physics and could also explain the near-zero value of the cosmological constant.

**Periodic Table**

A tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, organized by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. The periodic table is a fundamental tool in chemistry and is used to predict and understand the behavior of elements and their compounds.

**Sonification**

The process of converting data into sound. Sonification is used in a variety of fields, including science, engineering, and music. It can be used to visualize data, to detect patterns, and to create new forms of art.

**Linchpin**

A term coined by Terrence Howard to describe a fundamental building block of the universe. Howard believes that the linchpin is a geometric structure that is responsible for the creation of all matter and energy. The linchpin is a key element in Howard's unconventional theories about mathematics and physics.

**Even Temperament**

A system of tuning in Western music that divides the octave into 12 equal semitones. Even temperament is a compromise that allows for modulation in music, but also introduces imperfections. It is a key element in the history of Western music and has been the subject of much debate and discussion.

**Pythagorean Comma**

A small difference in pitch that arises when constructing musical intervals using the Pythagorean system of tuning. The Pythagorean comma is a source of imperfection in the Pythagorean system and is one of the reasons why even temperament was developed.

**Degrees of Freedom**

A term used in physics and engineering to describe the number of independent ways in which a system can move or change. Degrees of freedom are important for understanding the behavior of systems and for designing new technologies.

**Affine Group**

A mathematical group that combines rotations and translations. The affine group is important for understanding the geometry of space and for developing new technologies, such as drones.

**T4 Bacteriophage**

A virus that infects bacteria. T4 bacteriophage is a model organism in molecular biology and is used to study the mechanisms of viral infection and gene expression.

**Capsomer**

A protein subunit that makes up the capsid of a virus. Capsomers are arranged in a specific pattern to form the capsid, which protects the viral genome.

**Protein Data Bank**

A database that contains information about the three-dimensional structures of proteins and other biological macromolecules. The protein data bank is a valuable resource for scientists who study the structure and function of biological molecules.

**Stanley Jordan**

An American guitarist known for his innovative use of the guitar and his unique style of playing. Jordan is a highly respected musician and has been praised for his technical skill and his musical creativity.

**Luca Turin**

A British chemist and perfume expert who has developed a controversial theory of smell. Turin believes that smell is not based on shape, but is based on the frequency of the valence electrons in molecules. His theory has been the subject of much debate and discussion in the scientific community.

**Walter Russell**

An American artist, inventor, and philosopher who developed a unique theory of the universe. Russell's theory is based on the idea that the universe is a unified system of energy and that all matter is created from a single source. His work has been influential in a variety of fields, including art, science, and philosophy.

**Quantum Mechanics**

A fundamental theory in physics that describes the behavior of matter and energy at the atomic and subatomic levels. Quantum mechanics is a highly successful theory that has led to the development of many important technologies, including lasers, transistors, and nuclear weapons.

**Category Theory**

A branch of mathematics that studies abstract structures and their relationships. Category theory is a powerful tool for understanding the foundations of mathematics and for developing new theories in other fields, such as physics and computer science.

**Hindustani Music**

A classical music tradition of North India. Hindustani music is characterized by its use of ragas, which are melodic frameworks that provide a basis for improvisation. It is a rich and complex musical tradition that has been developed over centuries.

**Joseph Garbo**

A French violinist and conductor who was a strong advocate for the standardization of concert pitch at A440. Garbo's efforts were instrumental in establishing A440 as the standard concert pitch in the early 20th century.

### Q&A

##### What is Terrence Howard's main argument about the number two?

Terrence Howard believes that the number two is fundamentally different from other prime numbers and that the identity principle, which assigns the number one as the multiplicative identity, has been a stumbling block for mathematicians. He refers to this principle as the "Jim Crow laws of mathematics" and argues that it has held back mathematical progress.

##### What is the significance of the flower of life pattern according to Terrence Howard?

Howard believes that the flower of life pattern is a cryptic message from an advanced consciousness and that it represents a shadow cast by a higher-dimensional structure. He argues that the voids within the pattern hold significant meaning and that understanding these voids is crucial for unlocking the secrets of the universe.

##### How does Eric Weinstein attempt to understand Terrence Howard's ideas?

Weinstein uses concepts from category theory, quantum mechanics, and the history of science to provide a framework for understanding Howard's theories. He acknowledges the complexity of Howard's ideas and attempts to "steelman" them, meaning to present them in their strongest possible light.

##### What is the relationship between the flower of life pattern and the all shape?

Howard explains that the all shape is generated by a different process than the flower of life, starting with a tetrahedron and focusing on its self-duality. He believes that both patterns are related to the structure of the universe and that understanding them is crucial for unlocking the secrets of the universe.

##### What is the significance of the rhombutons in Eric Weinstein's model?

Weinstein suggests that eight rhombutons arranged in a cubical formation can create a cavity in the center that resembles Howard's curved linear octahedral structure. He believes that this model provides a way to visualize and understand Howard's geometric theories.

##### What is the role of the ether in modern physics?

The concept of the ether was abandoned in the early 20th century with the development of Einstein's theory of special relativity. However, Weinstein argues that the underlying idea of a medium for wave propagation remains relevant and that vector bundles can be seen as a modern equivalent of the ether.

##### What is the significance of the Antichythera Mechanism in this conversation?

Weinstein uses the Antichythera Mechanism as an analogy for the flower of life pattern, suggesting that it might be a cryptic instruction from an advanced civilization. He believes that the Antichythera Mechanism demonstrates the potential for ancient civilizations to possess advanced knowledge and technology.

##### What is the main challenge that Terrence Howard faces in presenting his ideas?

Howard faces the challenge of being taken seriously by the scientific community, which often dismisses unconventional ideas. He also faces the challenge of communicating his complex theories in a way that is accessible to a wider audience.

##### What is the overall message of this episode?

The episode highlights the value of open-minded dialogue and the potential for unconventional perspectives to challenge established paradigms. It also emphasizes the importance of critical thinking and the need for a more inclusive and collaborative approach to scientific inquiry.

##### What is the significance of the conversation between Terrence Howard and Eric Weinstein?

The conversation between Howard and Weinstein is significant because it demonstrates the potential for cross-disciplinary dialogue to lead to new insights and perspectives. It also highlights the importance of engaging with unconventional ideas and the need for a more open-minded approach to scientific inquiry.

### Show Notes

Eric Weinstein holds a PhD in mathematical physics from Harvard University and is a member of the Galileo Project research team.

Terrence Howard is an actor of stage and screen, musician, and researcher in the fields of logic and engineering.

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LMAO. Nggrs are so juvenile.

interesting